Chapter 10 Review Questions

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Chapter 10 Review Questions
2013-09-19 19:46:39

Review questions for ch10
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  1. Chapter 10: Maintaining Windows Questions
  2. What are the three Windows settings critical to securing a computer that need to be verified as part of regular maintenance?
    Windows Updates, Antivirus software, and Network location setting
  3. What folder holds the Windows registry? What folder holds a backup of the registry?
    C:\Windows\system32\config folder C:\Windows\system32\config\RegBack folder
  4. What folder holds 32-bit programs installed in a 64-bit installation of Windows?
    C:\Program Files (x86)
  5. What file in the user account folder stores user settings?
    Ntuser.dat (Stored in the C:\Users\{Username} Folder)
  6. What is the purpose of the C:\Windows\CSC folder?
    The purpose is to store Offline files, which allows users to work with files in the folder when the computer in not connected to the corporate network. Windows will Sync up the files to the files stored on the network once the network is available.
  7. What is the purpose of the Windows.old folder?
    The purpose of Windows.old folder is to keep files from previous windows installs or a custom installation of either Windows 7 or Vista.
  8. How can you delete the Windows.old folder?
    • Run Disk Cleanup:
    • * Go to Windows explorer
    • * Right Click on the Drive (whichever one you wish to clean up) Select the drive that Windows was
    • installed on
    • * Select Properties Button.
    • * Click on Disk Cleanup.
    • * Click on Clean up System Files.
    • * Select the Previous installation(s) as needed.
  9. By default, how often does Windows 7 automatically defrag a drive?
    Once a week
  10. What is another name for a file allocation unit, which is used to hold parts of a file on the hard drive?
  11. On what type of hard drive does Windows 7 disable defragmenting?
  12. What are two reasons to uninstall software you no longer use?
    To free up space on the drive. Also this might improve performance.
  13. What is the filename and normal path of the Windows paging file used for virtual memory?
    • Pagefile.sys
    • Path: C:\ (Root directory). This file is normally a hidden file.
  14. What type of storage media must be used to create a Windows 7 system image?
    An Internal or External Hard drive.
  15. What two Windows utilities are used to create previous versions of files that can be recovered from the file properties dialog box?
    • Backup and Restore
    • System Protection
  16. Why is it important to not store a backup of drive C: onto another partition on the same hard drive?
    If the drive C: fails completely, or any of the files have malware, all data will not be accessible. Which means the now corrupted backup files are no longer useful.
  17. What does Windows XP call a backup of the critical system files it needs for Windows operations?
    System state data
  18. What is the %SystemRoot% folder as used in Microsoft documentation?
    C:\Windows This maybe shown using DOS Command "Set"
  19. What Windows 7/Vista utility creates restore points?
    System Protection
  20. How can you delete all restore points?
    Under the Disk Cleanup utility, select More Options tab, then under the Programs and Features area, click Clean up. This will remove all but the most recent System Restore point.
  21. In what folder are restore points kept?
    C:\System Volume Information
  22. Which dialog box can you use to manually create a restore point?
    System Properties, On the System Protection Tab. Click on Create.
  23. What is the difference between the file allocation table used by the exFAT file system and the one used by the FAT32 file system?
    exFat is a 64-bit file allocation table.
  24. List the steps to open an elevated command prompt windows.
    Click Start, All Programs, Accessories, and right-click Command Prompt. Then select Run as Administrator. Respond to the User Account Control (UAC) box.
  25. In a command list, what is the purpose of the ? in a filename?
    A Wildcard for one character. (and the asterisk (*) is a wildcard for one /more charcters)
  26. What is the purpose of the more parameter at the end of a command line?
    To display one screen of output at a time.
  27. What is the command to list all files and subdirectories in a directory?
    Dir *.* /s
  28. Using Windows 7 of Vista what type of command prompt windows is needed to run the Chkdsk command?
    Elevated Command prompt
  29. When you want to use Chkdsk to fix file system errors and the drive is not locked, when does Windows schedule the Chkdsk command to run?
    The next time Windows is started.
  30. What command is intended to replace Xcopy?
  31. Which Windows tool can you use to split a partition into two partitions?
    Disk management can be used to split a partition into two partitions.
  32. Which is more stable, RAID implemented by Windows or RAID implemented by hardware?
    RAID implemented by hardware
  33. When you move a dynamic disk to a new computer, what status will Disk management first assign the drive?
  34. Which editions of Windows 7 allow you to install a language pack by using Windows Update?
    Windows 7/ Vista, Ultimate, & Enterprise editions.
  35. 34. How must free space does Windows need on a hard drive for optimal performance?  (Hint: I'm looking for a percentage)
  36. 35. Describe the differences between HDDs and SSDs.
    • HDD (Magnetic Hard Disc Drives) have moving parts. They contain spinning platters & the Disk Read/Write Heads move. Windows defragments once a week.
    • SSD (Solid State Drives) have no moving parts, and because of this, Windows disabled the defragmenting (defragmenting can reduce the life of the drive).
  37. 36. What do the following command-line commands, characters, or key combinations do:
    • * defrag = Examines HDD for Fragmented files & rewrites these files to the drive, in contiguous clusters.
    • * md = Creates a new directory. * rd = Remove a directory * shutdown = Shut down the local/ /remote computer. (Requires you be logged in as the Administrator).
    • * Ctrl+Break & * Ctrl+Pause = Terminate the command before it is finished.
    • * Up Arrow = Retrieve the last command you entered.
    • * Right Arrow = Retrieve the last command one character one character at a time.
    • * * (asterisk w/in a file name) = Wildcard.
  38. 37. What does Windows 7's Backup and Restore utility allow you to do:
    • a) Back up user files
    • b) Back up a system image of the entire hard drive
    • c) Create restore points
    • A & B
  39. 38. List four uses for dynamic disks (482).
    • 1. They have better reliability. This is due to the way they work because simple volume just works better when stored on a basic disk.
    • 2. Implement dynamic disks on multiple hard drives to extend a volume across these drives
    • (called Spanning).
    • 3. Dynamic disks can be used to piece data across multiple hard drives- this improves performance.
    • 4. You can use dynamic discs (for Windows XP) to mirror two hard drives for fault tolerance (called Mirroring or RAID 1).
  40. 39. When using dynamic disks, how much space is required for the disk management database?
    1 MB of storage on each hard drive is required
  41. 40. List five things you can do with the Disk Management utility.  (Hint:  See the subheadings for the "Use Disk Management to Manage Hard Drive" section, pages 475-484.
    • 1. Resize, Create, and Delete Disk Partitions
    • 2. Prepare a Drive for First use.
    • 3. Mount a Drive.
    • 4. Use Dynamic Disks.
    • 5. Trouble shoot hard drive problems.
  42. 41. List and describe the four file systems supported by Windows.
    • NTFS: is more reliable, gives fewer errors, supports encryption, disk quotas, folder
    • compression, better security.
    • exFAT: Use for large external storage devices. Uses the same structure as the older FAT32 file
    • system, but has a 64-bit wide file allocation table. exFAT does not use as much
    • overhead as the NTFS file system and is designed to handle large files.
    • FAT32: Used for small hard drives or USB flash drives due to the lower overhead than NTFS.
    • FAT16 or FAT16: Has a 16-bit file allocation table and is only recommended for volumes less
    • than 4 GB in size.
  43. 42. Which file system from the previous question must be used for the volume on which Windows is installed?