Bio 1

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Bio 1
2013-09-19 19:53:03

Learning bio
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  1. What is science?
    Science is the testing and discovering the world around us to find new facts and research to help mankind progress
  2. Features of Science
    Science can help us progress and find cures to sickness and find out our specific genes
  3. Scientific Thinking
    Scientific thinking is simply the process of extending knowledge by forming a theory based on observations
  4. Observation
    Observing closely to get information and learn about the thing you are studying
  5. Data
    Analyzing the information you gathered from observation
  6. Quantitative Data
    Using numbers to be exact with your data
  7. Qualitative Data
    Data being sorted in a less detailed way
  8. Inference
    A conclusion reached on the basis of evidence and reasoning
  9. Hypothesis
    a supposition or proposed explanation made on the basis of limited evidence as a starting point for further investigation
  10. 5 Steps of Scientific Method
    • State the problem
    • Observation
    • hypothisis
    • Test
    • Conclusion
  11. Variables
    The items being changed or altered in an experiment
  12. Manipulated (Independent) Variable
    changed variable due to the dependent variable
  13. Responding (Dependent) Variable
    Variable that is changing the independent variable
  14. Control
    The not changed variable inĀ  a experiment
  15. Theory
    A problem answered many times with the same result
  16. 8 Characteristics of Living Things
    1. reproduces it own kind 2. made of cells 3. grows and develops 4.has a life span 5. based on genetic code ( DNA or RNA) 6. responds and adjusts to environmental changes 7. Adaptation 8. evolves over time
  17. Protocell
    Large ordered structure, enclosed by a membrane, that carries out some life activities, such as growth and division.
  18. Cell
    Smallest living thing
  19. Unicellular
    One cell
  20. Multicellular
    Multicelled living being
  21. Sexual Reproduction
    Reproducing with 1 other thing
  22. Zygote
    A cell in diploid state following fertilization or union of haploid male sex cel and female sex cell
  23. Asexual Reproduction
    Reproducing with one being
  24. Budding
    having or developing buds.
  25. Vegetative Reproduction
    form of asexual reproduction in plants
  26. Spore Formation
    • A mode of reproduction resembling multiple fission,
    • common among Protozoa, in which the organism breaks up into a number of
    • pieces
  27. Binary Fission
    A method of asexual reproduction that involves the splitting of a parent cell into two approximately equal part
  28. Stimulus
    reflexing or reacting to a chang in the area
  29. Response
    an excitation of a nerve impulse caused by a change or even
  30. Voluntary
    under the conscious control of the brain
  31. Involuntary
    done without will or conscious control.
  32. Homeostasis
    The tendency of an organism or a cell to regulate its internal conditions, usually by a system of feedback controls, so as to stabilize health and functioning, regardless of the outside changing conditions
  33. Metabolism
    the chemical processes that occur within a living organism in order to maintain life
  34. Biosphere
    • the regions of the surface, atmosphere, and hydrosphere of the
    • earth (or analogous parts of other planets) occupied by living
    • organisms.
  35. Ecosystem
    a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environmen
  36. Community
    a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common
  37. Populations
    a group of people living in the same place or having a particular characteristic in common
  38. Organism
    an individual animal, plant, or single-celled life form
  39. Organ Systems
    Collection of organs working towards one thing
  40. Tissue
    any of the distinct types of material of which animals or plants are made, consisting of specialized cells and their product
  41. Molecules
    a group of atoms bonded together
  42. Language of Science
    Learning to combing words and items to learn
  43. Measuring System of Science
    MEtric system
  44. Compound Light Microscope
    Microscope ising light to zoom in on a object in 2d
  45. Electron Microscope
    a microscope with high magnification and resolution, employing electron beams in place of light and using electron lenses.
  46. Cell Culture
    Cell culture is the complex process by which cells are grown under controlled conditions
  47. Cell Fractionation
    Cell fractionation is the separation of homogeneous sets, usually organelles, from a heterogeneous population of cells.
  48. Organs
    a part of an organism that is typically self-contained and has a specific vital function