Exam A&P

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trisha
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235909
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Exam A&P
Updated:
2013-09-19 21:54:59
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exam
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chapters 1,4,5
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  1. What are the levels of organization?
    • molecule
    • organelles
    • cell
    • tissue
    • organ
    • organ system
  2. What are the organic compounds?
    • carbohydrates
    • lipids
    • proteins
    • nucleic acids
  3. cellular respiration produces what?
    ATP
  4. What is the organelle of carbs?
    smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  5. what is the organelle of lipids?
    smooth endoplasmic reticulum
  6. what is the organelle of proteins?
    ribosomes or rough endoplasmic reticulum
  7. what is the organelle of nucleic acids?
    nucleus
  8. What is the function of lysosomes?
    waste recycler
  9. What is the function of the golgi complex?
    packages protein for export
  10. definition of cell
    smallest function unit of life
  11. how do we get tissues
    many similar cells with the same function
  12. how do we get an organ
    2 or more tissues with the same function
  13. how do we get an organ system
    2 or more organs with the same function
  14. what are the 11 organ systems?
    • integumentary¬†
    • skeletal
    • muscular
    • nervous
    • digestive
    • endocrine
    • respiratory
    • cardiovascular
    • urinary
    • lymphatic
    • reproductive
  15. definition of homeostasis
    the body to maintain a constant internal environment despite change in the external environment
  16. Homeostasis is maintain by ___?
    feedback mechanism
  17. describe negative feedback
    system turns off when back to normal
  18. describe positive feedback
    system continuously turns self on
  19. what are the components of feedback mechanism?
    • receptors
    • control center
    • effector
  20. what do the receptors do in feedback mechanisms?
    senses change to above or below normal & sends info to the control center
  21. what does the control center do in feedback mechanisms?
    analyzes problem & decides what to do by triggering effector
  22. what does the effector do in feedback mechanisms?
    turns organ on to fix the problem
  23. what is an example of negative feedback?
    change in body temperature
  24. what is an example of positive feedback?
    • labor
    • platelets clotting
  25. what is standard anatomical position?
    • head forward
    • palms forward
    • feet forward
  26. regional term for head
    cephalic
  27. regional term for neck
    cervical
  28. regional term for chest
    thoracic
  29. regional term for armpit
    axillary
  30. regional term for upper arm
    brachial
  31. regional term for lower arm
    antebrachial
  32. regional term for wrist
    carpal
  33. regional term for thigh
    femoral
  34. regional term for lower leg
    cruval
  35. regional term for ankle
    tarsal
  36. regional term for sole of foot
    plantar
  37. regional term for belly button
    umbillical
  38. regional term for lower back
    lumbar
  39. regional term for front of knee
    patellar
  40. regional term for behind the knee
    popliteal
  41. directional terms are ?
    based on body parts
  42. what is a sagittal cut?
    divides right & left; creating medial & lateral
  43. describe a frontal/coronal cut
    divides front & back; creating anterior/ventral & posterior/dorsal
  44. describe transverse cut
    divides above or below; creating superior & inferior
  45. the heart is ____ to the lungs
    medial
  46. the heart is _____ to the spine
    anterior
  47. what is the point of attachment to torso
    proximal
  48. what is the end of extremities called?
    distal
  49. serosal membrane is what epithelium?
    simple squamous
  50. What organs are found in the right upper quadrant?
    • liver
    • gallbladder
  51. what organs are in the RLQ?
    • appendix¬†
    • ovary
  52. what organs are in the LUQ?
    spleen
  53. what organs are in the LLQ?
    • ovary¬†
    • sigmoid colon

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