ClinMedV:Diseases of the Urinary System(Ureters,Bladder,Urethra)

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
235911
Filename:
ClinMedV:Diseases of the Urinary System(Ureters,Bladder,Urethra)
Updated:
2013-09-19 22:52:21
Tags:
vti
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vti
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  1. Cause of ectopic ureter:
    congenital
  2. symptoms of ectopic ureter:IR
    • incontinence
    • recurrent UTI
  3. Who is ectopic ureter common in?
    females
  4. sx for ectopic ureter
    neoureterostomy
  5. unique dx of ectopic ureter:
    pyelography
  6. causes of obsruction:TSUC
    • tumor
    • stricture
    • urolith
    • clot
  7. If there is an obstruction on only one side/ one ureter what are the symptoms?
    typically none
  8. c.s. if both ureters obstructed
    • renal failure
    • dec urine production
  9. Why is a bladder infx more common in female dogs?
    ascending migration of bacteria from urethra
  10. What bacteria are seen in bladder infx?REP
    • retrograde gram - bact
    • e-coli
    • proteus
  11. Causes of bladder infx:CASTI
    • cogential
    • anatomical
    • stones
    • tumors
    • immune changes
  12. symptoms bladder infx:HD
    • hematuria
    • dysuria
  13. dx bladder infx:UDCPL
    • urinalysis
    • dipstick
    • cytology
    • pollakuria
    • licking
  14. tx bladder infx:AACF
    • abx
    • amoxicillin
    • cyclosporin
    • floxcans
  15. What dz of the bladder is common in young cats?
    feline cystitis AKA FLUTD
  16. Cause of FLUTD
    idiopathic
  17. symptoms of FLUTD:FPDHBU
    • frequent trips to box
    • painful
    • dysuria
    • hematuria
    • blockage
    • urination outside of box
  18. Cause:USABED
    • unknown
    • stress
    • age
    • breed
    • environment
    • diet
  19. What percentage of FLUTD is caused by infx?
    2%
  20. Name the alpha adrenergic blocker that helps relax tissues and prevent spasms by reducing the sphicter tone in FLUTD.
    phenoxybenzamine
  21. tx FLUTD: CRPSAA
    • canned food rx food
    • pain control
    • stress reduction
    • abx
    • anti-inflam
  22. Name 2 other names for the struvite crystal:
    • magnesium ammonium phosphate
    • triple phosphate
  23. What is the most common stone?
    Occurs in dogs w/UTI or high pH and cats with FLUTD.
    struvite
  24. What is the second most common stone? Occurs more frequently in dogs, secondary to an inc in ca levels in blood and urine, and ethylene glycol toxicity?
    calcium oxalate
  25. What stone is common in dalmatians?
    urate
  26. Name the crystals in order of opacity:SOCU
    • struvite
    • oxalate
    • cystine
    • urate
  27. Most common tumor of the urinary tract.
    transitional cell carcinoma
  28. Where are tumors usually located?
    trigone
  29. symptoms of tumors
    • dysuria
    • licking
  30. drug used to tx tumors
    piroxicam
  31. Damage to nerves of bladder result in distended bladder with no muscle tone
    bladder atony
  32. causes of bladder atony:TCPII
    • truama
    • chronic distention
    • partial blockage
    • infreq void
    • idiotpathic
  33. symptoms bladder atony:IR
    • inability to void
    • recurrent UTI
  34. Dx bladder atony:SPI
    • symptoms
    • palpation
    • imaging
  35. What is used to treat bladder atony?UB
    • Ucath
    • bethanical (colinergic inc tone)
  36. urethral tear tx
    sx repair with risk of stricture formation
  37. incontinence most common in?
    spayed females
  38. causes of incontinence:EHNTTPOE
    • estrogen dec
    • hyptonic sphincter
    • nerve damage
    • truama
    • tumor
    • partial blockage
    • overdistended bladder
    • ectopic ureter
  39. Name the estrogen replacement that can be toxic and cause bone marrow suppression used to treat incontinence:DES
    diethystibestrol
  40. Name the drug used to inc urethral tone in incontinence:
    phenylpropanolamine
  41. sx  for incontinence
    colposuspension

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