Civics

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gibbyhoagie
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235936
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Civics
Updated:
2013-09-19 23:17:28
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vocab
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  1. A political community that occupies a definite territory and has an organized government with the power ti make and enforce laws without approval fro any higher authority
    State
  2. group of people united by bonds of race, language, custom, tradition, and sometimes religion
    nation
  3. A country in which the territory of both the nation and the state coincide
    nation-state
  4. An agreement about basic beliefs
    consensus
  5. the supreme and absolute authority within territorial boundaries
    sovereignty
  6. the institution through which the state maintains social order, provides public services, and enforcer binding decisions on citizens
    government
  7. theory that by contract, people surrender to the state. The power needed to maintain order in the state, in turn, agrees to protect its citizens
    social contract
  8. a government that gives all key powers to the national or central government
    unitary system
  9. a government that divides the powers of government between the national government and state or provincial governments
    federal system
  10. a loose union of independent states
    confederacy
  11. a plan that provides the rules for government
    constitution
  12. a government in which a constitution has authority to place clearly recognized limits on the powers of those who govern
    constitutional government
  13. a statement in a constitution that sets forth the goals and purposed of government
    preamble
  14. law that involves the interpretation and application of the U.S. Constitution and state constitutions
    constitutional law
  15. the efforts to control or influence the conduct and policies of government
    politics
  16. a nation with large industries and advanced technology that provides a more comfortable way of life than developing nations
    industrialized nations
  17. a nation that is only beginning to develop industrially
    developing nation
  18. a system of government in which the power to rule is in the hands of a single individual
    autocracy
  19. autocracy in which a king, queen, or emperor exercises supreme powers of government
    monarchy
  20. a system of government in which a small group holds power
    oligarchy
  21. government in which the people rule
    democracy
  22. a government in which voters hold sovereign power; elected representatives, responsible to the people, exercise the power
    republic
  23. a group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public party
    political party
  24. the opportunity to control one's own economic decisions
    free enterprise
  25. the study of human efforts to satisfy seemingly unlimited wants through the use of limited resources
    economics
  26. and economic system providing free choice and individual incentive for workers, investors, consumers, and business enterprises
    capitalism
  27. economic system in which buyers and seller make free choices in the marketplace
    free market
  28. the philosophy that government should keep its hands off the economy
    laissez-faire
  29. an economic system in which the governent owns the basic means of production, distributes the products and wages, and provides social services such as health care and welfare
    socialism
  30. capitalists who own the means of production
    Bourgeoisie
  31. workers who produce the goods
    proleteriat
  32. an economic system in which the central government directs all major economic decisions
    communism
  33. an economic system in which the government controls the factors of production
    command economy
  34. german philosopher, advanced communism, defined proletariat, bourgeoisie, and command economy,working class
    Karl Mark
  35. Agreed with state of nature, people had right to form a social contract which had natural rights, if leader broke the contract, a new on was to be formed
    John Locke
  36. Leading communism-actions of buyers and sellers not the government, should determine what is produced and bought
    Adam Smith
  37. 1st person to promote idea of social contract... but he did NOT write it!
    Atheist
    State of nature>dog eat dog
    government formed by people
    said absolute ruler was best for government
    Thomas Hobbes
  38. Agrees state of nature
    agrees social contract
    thought leader shall be overthrown if they didn't follow contract and new government should be put in place
    revolt
    Rousseau

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