Sports MBLEX

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  1. Active Stretching & 3
    • Athlete performs stretch by himself
    • Subcategories:
    • Static: Increase in distance between origin and insertion of muscle, slight resistance
    • Ballistic: Bouncing
    • Dynamic: warm up mimics sport actions
  2. Passive Stretching & 1
    • Therapist performs stretch on athlete while athlete relaxes
    • Subcategorie: static
  3. Proprioceptive Neuromuscular Facilitation
    contract antagonist (opposite) muscle to let the muscle you are stretching release further
  4. Trapezius stretch
    • Supine
    • cross arms under head on clients shoulders. Push head anteriorly (chin to chest)
  5. Levator Scapulae stretch
    • Supine
    • rotate clients head to look at opposite shoulder. therapist cross arms, one back of head, one shoulder. press client head opposite shoulder
  6. Scalene stretch
    • supine
    • client nose straight up. cross arms, 1 hand under head, other shoulder. push shoulder down, head opposite shoulder
  7. Pectoralis major stretch
    • supine, client edge of table
    • shoulder joint 90*. Elbow 90* flexion. support elbow joint inside hand, outside hand antebrachium. push arm toward floor, small lateral rotation
  8. Pec major 2 stretch
    • supine
    • client shoulder 135* angle. push arm toward floor, small lateral rotation
  9. Pec major 3 stretch
    • supine
    • shoulder 45* abduction
    • same as 1 and 2
  10. Subscapularis stretch
    • Not on previous shoulder dislocation
    • supine, edge of table
    • stand side, face clients head
    • hold upper arm with fingers on posterior, lower antebrachium thumb on anterior (outside hand). Laterally rotate arm
  11. Deltoid stretch
    • supine
    • push arm over chest pushing towards opposite shoulder. hold elbow joint
  12. Latissimus Dorsi stretch
    • supine, client head close to end table
    • Hold client distal antebrachium. Traction arm toward you, head of table. can have client laterally flex head towards opposite shoulder being stretched.
    • Anterior- lift up
    • Posterior- pull down
    • Medial- rotate inward
  13. Soleus stretch
    • prone
    • knee in flexion, hold back of ankle, your palm on their heel, antebrachium on sole of foot and toes, press foot into dorsal flexion
  14. Quadriceps Femoris stretch
    • prone
    • hold ankle proximal to ankle joint, bring heel toward glutes. Press down on ASIS side you are stretching.
  15. Adductor Group stretch 2
    • supine
    • 1.client leg figure 4, one hand ASIS other clients knee. push knee out laterally and towards ground, while stabilizing opposite hip (ASIS)

    2.client edge of table leg to be stretched. knee extended, toes pointing straight up. place your inside thigh against client thigh, aBduct the thigh
  16. Gluteal muscles 2
    • supine
    • 1. Bend knee, place over opposite leg, sole foot on table, hold shoulder (same side leg stretching), push flexed knee toward opposite shoulder.
    • 2. straight leg over body. stabilize opposite shoulder with inside hand.
  17. Piriformis stretch
    • supine
    • Kneel on table facing clients head. leg at knee joint, flex knee and hip joint. Rotate hip by holding knee, distal crus. push ankle to clients head, while holding knee joint. May need to push knee as well.
  18. Gatrocnemius stretch
    • Supine
    • stand foot table. cup hand around heel. push forearm against bottom foot. Lean forward using body weight to pull foot into ankle dorsal flexion.
  19. Hamstring Group stretch
    • Supi9ne
    • side table, perform hip flexion. tae leg and lift to clients head.
  20. Tibialis anterior stretch
    • Supine, client foot off end table
    • grasp foot and push ankle into plantar flexion. Add eversion. May need compression to muscle belly
  21. Gluteus Medius and TFL
    • Sidelying, edge of table so top leg hangs off.
    • Stand facing client posterior side. Hold top hip, other hand push on lateral thigh toward ground
  22. Psoas stretch
    • supine
    • leg to work on edge table, stabilize body with inside hand holding opposing leg. Outside hand push clients leg toward ground
  23. Psoas
    • supine, client very edge, foot table, legs hang off table
    • Stand at foot table facing clients head. leg not stretched into hip flexion. Leg to stretch push on thigh towards ground
  24. Spasm
    sudden involuntary contraction of muscle
  25. CRASI = Cramp management
    • C = compression: direct, slow
    • R = Reciprocal inhibition: contract antagonist
    • A = Approximation: Squish both sides cramp
    • S = Stretching: Static, mile
    • I = Ice: numbing
  26. Contraindication
    open scraped, road rash, blisters, varicose veins, joint damage with inflammation, fracture, sprains, strains, physical distress (nausea, dehydration, pain)
  27. True or False: exercise causes body to move away from homeostasis, which requires body to adapt
  28. 3 Categories sports massage
    • Event: pre, inter, post event
    • Maintenance: recover strenuous workout, competition, rehabilitation (major surger), remedial (minor surgery)
    • Restorative
  29. 2 flying finns who received sports massage
    • Finland (finnish school of massage)
    • Paavo Nurmi and Lase Viren (2 flying finns)
    • Olympic medalists
  30. Defenition Sports Massage
    application of a number of techniques, timely and systematice, to manipulate soft tissue, support function, performance, overall well-being of athlete.
  31. Sports
    • Goal: specific performance outcome or recovery
    • Focus target areas used in event
    • strokes, specifically stimulate or sedate, depending on goal.
    • Deliberate strokes, moderate tempo
  32. General Benefits
    • increased circulation- material exchange
    • affects CNS-decrease tension
    • lengthens or broadens tissue-decrease scar tiss
    • creates feelings of well-being- positive
    • relaxation- decrease tension
  33. Pre- event massage
    • 20-30 min. optimal
    • 4 hours prior to event
    • 1-20 min duration
    • stimulative
    • concentrate muscles athlete will use
    • support phychological(mind), physiological (physical) goals
    • NO face or ab work (take blood away from limbs)
    • not lotions or oil
    • fast pace
  34. Strokes used in pre-event
    • compression
    • petrissage
    • vibration
    • friction
    • tapotement
    • stretches
  35. 5 problems sun exposure
    • sunburn
    • dehydration
    • heat cramps-painful, involuntary spasm
    • heat exhaustion- dehydration
    • heat stroke
  36. Heat Stroke
    • pulse- strong, rapid
    • respiration - deep
    • sweat- if advanced stage, none
    • skin - red, hot to touch

    Call EMS, cool athlete fast, monitor vital signs, NO LIQUIDS
  37. Heat Exhaustion
    • pulse - weal and rapid
    • respiration- shallow and rapid
    • sweat- extreme amount
    • skin- pale, cool to touch

    • help athlete sit or lie on table
    • ┬áCall EMS
    • cool athlete
    • replace fluids
    • watch client closely
  38. Event massage- main goal= recuding stress and calming CNS
    • 4 hours following event
    • 10-20 min immediately following, 30-90 one hour after event
    • no tapotement, too stimulative
    • circulation, relaxation
    • strokes support blood and venous flow
  39. Post event strokes
    • compression
    • petrissage
    • effleurage
    • vibration
    • ROM stretching
  40. Maintenance massage- main goal= maintain optimal health and assisting in recovery
  41. Restorative massage
    15- 30 min.
  42. rehabilitative massage
    • Acute injuries, surgeries
    • pain management
    • decrease edema
    • be aware of medications
Card Set:
Sports MBLEX
2013-09-20 06:30:32
Sports MBLEX karij

Sports MBLEX
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