Micro 151 - EXAM 1-

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Author:
lilSunshine08
ID:
235971
Filename:
Micro 151 - EXAM 1-
Updated:
2013-09-20 02:58:33
Tags:
Microbiology
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Description:
intro to microbiology
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  1. Microbiology
    The Study of microorganisms
  2. Microorganism
    An organism too small to be seen by the naked eye individually
  3. Macroorganism
  4. What are the 3 Domains of life?
    • Eukarya
    • Bacteria
    • Archaea
  5. Infectious Disease
    Any disease caused by a microorganism
  6. Pathogen
    Cause Disease
  7. Opportunist Pathogens
    • Live within host/
    • Travel to another part of body and cause disease
  8. Normal Flora: Function?
    • Good bacteria/ in us
    • Live with in us
    • cause no harm
    • protects from other bacteria
    • Digest (help) food
    • Form Vitamins (provided in intestine)
  9. Dis - Ease
    not in homeostasis
  10. Differences between Prokaryotic / Eukaryotic?
    • P. - Have no nucleus
    • Organisms that lack amembrane bound nucleus
    • E. - have a nucles
    • Other structures
  11. Where are microscopes found?
    • Ubiquitoes
    • In agriculture
    • Antibiotics
    • Anywhere where H2O is present?
  12. What is a Strain?
    A different group of spicies
  13. Scientific Name: Rules
    • 1. Genus/ Species
    • 2. Italicezed
    • 3. Genus Capitalized
    • 4. Species lower case
    • 5. Genus can be shorten to initials
    • 6. May include Strain designation
  14. Antoni Van Leeuwenhoek Who? / What he did?
    • Known for improvement on the microscope
    • Was the first to witness single celled organisms
  15. How are bacteria helpful to us?
    • 1. Provide antibiotics (poison)
    • 2. Breakdown Complex molecules into simpler ones
    • 3. Agriculture
    • 4. Produce chemicals used for many thins such as acetone, etc
  16. Koch's Postulates?
    • Suspect M/O found in diseased person but not in animal
    • isolate/culture microorganism
    • Inoculate healthy animal with isolated m/o same disease should result
    • Reisolate m/o from Infected animal
  17. Spontaneous Generation?
    • Life appearing out of thin air
    • Vital force
    • Producing living cells out of non-living material
  18. Germ Theory of Disease

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