Proverbs Test 1

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Proverbs Test 1
2013-09-25 10:36:35

Test 1 for Larry Pechawer's Proverbs class at Ozark Christian College
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  1. The proverbs of Solomon son of David, king of Israel:
  2. The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge, but fools despise wisdom and instruction.
  3. Trust in the LORD with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways submit to him, and he will make your paths straight.
  4. The beginning of wisdom is this: Get wisdom. Though it cost all you have, get understanding.
  5. Above all else, guard your heart, for everything you do flows from it.
  6. For your ways are in full view of the LORD, and he examines all your paths.
  7. Go to the ant, you sluggard; consider its ways and be wise!
  8. A little sleep, a little slumber, a little folding of the hands to rest—and poverty will come on you like a thief and scarcity like an armed man.
  9. Can a man scoop fire into his lap without his clothes being burned? Can a man walk on hot coals without his feet being scorched?
  10. Choose my instruction instead of silver,          knowledge rather than choice gold, for wisdom is more precious than rubies, and nothing you desire can compare with her.
  11. The LORD brought me forth as the first of his works, before his deeds of old; I was formed long ages ago, at the very beginning, when the world came to be.
  12. Then I was constantly at his side. I was filled with delight day after day, rejoicing always in his presence, rejoicing in his whole world and delighting in mankind.
  13. Wisdom has built her house; she has set up its seven pillars.
  14. The fear of the LORD is the beginning of wisdom, and knowledge of the Holy One is understanding.
  15. The proverbs of Solomon: A wise son brings joy to his father, but a foolish son brings grief to his mother.
  16. Hatred stirs up conflict, but love covers over all wrongs.
  17. As vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes, so are sluggards to those who send them.
  18. Wealth is worthless in the day of wrath, but righteousness delivers from death.
  19. Like a gold ring in a pig’s snout is a beautiful woman who shows no discretion.
  20. The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life,  and the one who is wise saves lives.
  21. A wife of noble character is her husband’s crown, but a disgraceful wife is like decay in his bones.
  22. Those who guard their lips preserve their lives, but those who speak rashly will come to ruin.
  23. Whoever spares the rod hates their children, but the one who loves their children is careful to discipline them.
  24. There is a way that appears to be right, but in the end it leads to death.
  25. Whoever oppresses the poor shows contempt for their Maker, but whoever is kind to the needy honors God.
  26. A gentle answer turns away wrath, but a harsh word stirs up anger.
  27. Better a small serving of vegetables with love than a fattened calf with hatred.
  28. Pride goes before destruction, a haughty spirit before a fall.
  29. There is a way that appears to be right, but in the end it leads to death.
  30. A cheerful heart is good medicine, but a crushed spirit dries up the bones.
  31. The name of the LORD is a fortified tower;  the righteous run to it and are safe.
  32. Discipline your children, for in that there is hope; do not be a willing party to their death.
  33. To do what is right and just is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.
  34. Train a child in the way they should go, and even when they are old they will not turn from it.
  35. Folly is bound up in the heart of a child,    but the rod of discipline will drive it far away.
  36. acrostic poetry
    • Each verse or group begins with a different letter of the Hebrew alphabet. Proverbs 31
    • Take a word to create a series of concepts (J.O.Y.).
  37. alliteration
    Each line or section starts with same consonantal sound at the beginning of a word.
  38. kethubhim
    Third division of the Hebrew Bible containing the poetic books.
  39. hyperbole
    exaggeration used as a rhetorical device for emphasis. Proverbs 21:22
  40. metaphor
    point of comparison using a figure of speech
  41. Amenemope
    Egyptian Pharaoh whose work is closely related to Proverbs 22:17-24:22
  42. Lemuel
    King attributed to writing Proverbs 31. Acrostic
  43. Agur
    attributed to writing chapter 30, seven numerical sayings.
  44. midda
    follows a numerical patter, counting proverb
  45. chokmah
    Most common word for wisdom.
  46. meshalim
    Comes from Marshal. Hebrew term for parable or proverb. Book name.
  47. distiche
    Groups of two lines in parallelism.
  48. inclusio
    Key words, catchwords that reoccur in a section.
  49. merismus
    Two words that are antonyms that are combined into a single unified whole. Proverbs 15:9
  50. parallelism
    The balancing of lines or statements. The most dominant feature of Hebrew poetry.
  51. Josephus's Canon
    How many books?
    22 books probably combine Judges and Ruth, Jeremiah and Lamentations
  52. Josephus's Canon
    How many sections?
    • Torah/Law, 5 books
    • Nebhiim/Prophets, 13 books
    • Kethubhim/Writings, 4 books (hymns)
  53. Authorship & Date
    • Solomon wrote chapters 1-24 during his reign.
    • Men of Hezekiah, 700 BC. Earliest date for book as we know it.
    • No reason to date post-exile.
  54. Have I not written thirty sayings for you, saying of counsel and knowledge, teaching you true and reliable words, so that you can give sound answers to him who sent you?
  55. Do you see a man skilled in his work? He will serve before kings; he will not serve before obscure men.
  56. Lady Wisdom
    • Wisdom is personified as a woman inviting all men to come to her for learning.
    • Disaster will come to you if you do not listen to her (1:20-33)
    • Wisdom was also present in creation (8:22ff.).
  57. Your Wife
    Describes what God intends for marriage. Drink from your won cistern (5:15-19).
  58. Lady Folly
    Undisciplined. Calls out to the simple man. Stolen water is sweet (9:13).
  59. The Adulteress
    Wisdom saves you and keeps you away from the adulteress. Her victims are many that lead to death (2:16-19; 7:27ff.).
  60. Outline by Headings
    • 1:1 Proverbs of Solomon, son of David, king of Israel.
    • 10:1 The Proverbs of Solomon
    • 22:17 The Sayings of the Wise
    • 24:23 These also are saying of the wise
    • 25:1 Proverbs of Solomon, copied by the men of Hezekiah
    • 30:1 Saying of Agur
    • 31:1 Saying of King Lemuel, oracle taught by mother.
    • 31:15 Wife of Noble Character.
  61. Order within Disorder
    Chapters 10-12 seem to be random and without structure. However, this section is held together by inclusio, parallelism and chiasm.