AP GOV 3.txt
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- Why do PAC's spend more money on incumbents?
- They usually win
What's the limit an individual can give to each canidate committee?
What's the limit an individual can give to a national party committee per calender year?
What's the limit an individual can give to all the canidates
What's the limit an individual can give to all pacs and parties?
How much can a pac give to each canidate?
What are advantages of being an incumbent?
PAC money, franking, name recognition, pork
Re-writting the county lines in a state according to where the polical parties live to give the in power party an advantage in votes
What's a caucus?
Formal gathering of all party members
What's a primary?
Election in which votes decide which of the canidates within a party will represent the party in the general election
Importance of NH and Iowa
Iowa holds the first primary and NH holds first caucus
Conservative voting groups
Old and wealthy
Liberal voting group
Younger, poor, minorities, workers
Outlaws soft money. 60 days from election opponents names can't be used in ads
Electoral college info and numbers
Winner takes all, more populated states get more numbers, 538 total votes, needs 270 to win
To get someone out of office
When incumbents lose
Why don't people vote
Forget to register, bad weather, vote doesn't matter, don't care
PAC and what does it do*
Officially registered fund raising committee that represents an interest group
What's a SIG
- Advocates a cause or candidate
- Organized group that tries to influence public policy
What's soft money? Hard money?
Soft is money donated to a candidate for his election that isn't documented.
What are some campaign challenges?
Fund raising and dealing with the media
What's a lobbyist
Person who works for SIG to influence congressnpeople on how they should vote
Issue advacacy ads
Communication to bring a n issue to light. Ad on an issue ratheer than a candidate
Nomination process (state/local)
1)fill out paperwork, pay fee, and declare party 2) win primary election 3) win general election
Nomination process (national)
1)fill out paperwork, pay fees, declare party 2) compete in primaries/caucuses across the nation 3) gather delegates from states 4) go to nat convention and have most delegates 5) get official nomination from party 6) win general election
What's a delegate?*
- person sent or authorized to represent others
- Inparticular a n elected representative sent to a conference
Federal election campaign act
Us federal law that increased disclosure of contributions for federal campaigns (limits contributions to campaign)
Buckley vs valeo
Use as much of your own money on your campaign. Form of free speech
How does the UK increase voting turnout?
Frequent poster campaigns to encourage young people to register to vote...gets more percents turnout than America but not substantially
How does Australia increase voting turnout?
Don't vote you can get summoned to court, fined, or even sent to jail...encourages people to take interest, 96% voter turnout; but also encourages uninformed voting
How does Oregon increase voting turnout?
Mail in ballots only....more convieneint for voters who don't like to go to the polls
How does Minnesota increase voting turnout?
Allows registration on voting day...has seen improvement because it's convinent
How does some european countries and Canada increase voting turnout?
Campaigns are shorter so it gives people less time to be swayed...seen improvement because people are less frustrated and makes it easier for them to decide rather than blow it off
How does Puerto Rico increase voting turnout?
In presidential elections days are holidays, off years elections are on Sundays...more voting turnout because it's easy for people to remember and they don't have anything going on those days, one of the highest voting turnouts in the world
Super pac. Groups that can collect as much as they want. No contact with the candidate
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