AP GOV 12.txt
Card Set Information
AP GOV 12.txt
Misc Items Gov
tags "Misc items (gov)"
fileName "AP GOV 12"
What are the fundamental beliefs? (10)
Pursuit of happiness
Public or common good
What are the constitutional principals? (8)
Rule of law
Separation of powers
Checks and balances
Freedom of religion
Civilian control of the military
What is gov't?
Collective of individuals and institutions, the formal vehicles through which policy are made and affairs with state are conducted
When was dual federalism?
Before and leading up to the civil war
Deed Scott and the Plessy case helped establish
When was creative federalism?
During the 1960's civil rights
nature gov gave states money to stop segregation
Nat gov determined the needs of the states
When was cooperative federalism?
Started at great depression
State/nat gov worked together to solve problems
SS, Medicare, and madicade
What are motor voter laws?
Laws where you can register to vote when you renew your license and/or vehicle registration
When is election day?
First Tuesday after the first Monday in November
What is a referendum?
When citizens get to vote on the passage of state laws
What are federal matching funds?
Tax payers money is given to prez candidates by the gov if their party got at least 5% of the vote in the last election
What are the Miranda rights?
Police must inform the convict of his/her constitutional rights protected in the 5th amendment
What is an exclusionary rule?
Prohibits police from using illegally seized evidence in trial
What is the right of privacy?
Right to be left alone
What is pure speech?
Involves just the power of words to communicate
What is speech plus?
Speech and actions
What is symbolic speech?
Involves actions, and symbols instead of words to express opinions
What is seditious speech?
Urging resistance to lawful authority or advocating to overthrow gov
What is defamatory speech?
False speech that damages a person's good name, character, or reputation
What is the wall of separation?
Church and gov are suppose to be separate when,making gov decisions
What is logrolling?
Who were the 2 presidents that were impeached? Who resigned?
Bill Clinton, Andrew Johnson
What's the point of the iron triangle?
These 3 groups are supposed to work together
Why is Marshall court important?
Established a co-equal branch of gov
What was the judiciary act of 1789?
Established the basic 3 tiered structure of the federal court system
What are the 3 levels of court systems?
1) district courts
2) Appellate Course
3) supreme court
Why do most cases never go on trial?
What is the court mentioned in the constitution?
What are the only cases that go directly to the SC?
states v state
State v us
What are push polls?
Polls taken for the purpose of providing info on another candidate that would make them look bad
What are straw polls?
Unscientific polls used to gauge public opinion on a variety or issues or policies
What is political ideology?
Coherent set of values and beliefs about that purpose and scope of gov held by groups or individuals
What is debt?
Lots of years with a deficit
What is a deficit?
Spending more money then what you have
What is the primary source of revenue?
What was the first power granted to congress in the constitution?
Power to tax
What is a tax?
Income, property, good, or service that is subject to tax
What are the three types of tax?
What are sin taxes?
Taxes on what gov finds unhealthy
What is monotray policy?
Gov control of the $ supply and interest rates
What is interventionist state?
when to the gov gets involved with the economy
What is social regulation?
Rules/regulations on the safety and quality of goods
What is the federal reserve board?
group of gov officials that sells monetary policy including the amount banks have to keep on hand
What is fiscal policy?
Give policies on taxing and spending
What is the gross domestic product?
Total value of all goods and services produced by a country in a year