AP GOV 16.txt
Card Set Information
AP GOV 16.txt
Things ve Learned From Free Responses
What is the fundamental goal of interest groups?
Influence public policy
What is the fundamental goal of political parties in the political process?
Elect people to office
Gain control of gov
How do interest groups support the goals of political parties?
Organization and mobilization of the people
Monetary contributions/PAC donations
What is policy making discretion?
Gov't economic policy that is not automatic or built into the system
Used to give other agencies with better judgement and knowledge in a topic
Why does Congress give federal agencies policy making discretion in executing federal laws?
Congreve lacks expertise/agencies have it
Congress does not want to be blamed for bad policy
what are 3 agencies and their area of discretion?
EPA=clean air and water
FCC=TV, radio, satellite, phone
Federal reserve board=monetary policy
How can congress ensure legislative intent?
What is reapportionment?
Relocations of the number of reps each state has in the house
Why is reapportionment beneficial to the states?
Increases or decreases the #I of seats a state has in the house/congress (not senate)
More representatives=more state influence
Increases or decreases electoral votes
What is congressional redistricting?
Drawing/redrawing of house/congressional district lines
What is the purpose for gerrymandering?
Enhance part strength/weaken opposing strength
protect incumbents/discourage challengers
Increase minority reps/decrease minority representations
Punish foes/reward friends
What is cracking? Packing?
Cracking- spreading out voters of a type among many districts to deny them a large voting block in any district
Packing- concentrate as many voters of one type into a single electoral district to reduce influence on other districts
How has the supreme court regulated redistricting?
Apportionment (same population)
Lines must be connected
Can't dilute minority voting strength
Must be compact
Communities of interest must be protected
What provisions of the BOR protect people who influence public policy?
How can interest groups exert power over policy?
Grassroots movement-mobilize the people
Lobbying in gov't insitutions- contact with policy makers to persuade
Litigation-use courts to gain policy preferences through cases
What is an example of gov't regulations of interest groups?
Registration of lobbyists
limits on gifts
Campaign finance laws
What's a characteristic of the merit system?
Hiring based on qualifications
How does structure contribute to beaureacratic independence?
Based on merit
How does the complexity of public policy problems contribute to independence?
How can congress check the agencies?
How can the courts check agencies?
Court ruling that limit bereaucrativ practices
How do interest groups check agencies?
The first amendment
How has selective incorporation limited the power of the states?
Prevents states from denying a citizen from the rights in the BOR
How does the executive branch influence fiscal policy?
Prez proposes/preparers the federal budget
President signs/votes legislation
Orb recommends budget
How does the legislative branch influence fiscal policy?
Passes federal budget
Congress acts on spending/taxing legislation
What does monetary policy do?
Regulate $ supply
Adjust interest rates to regulate economy
The cost of money
Why is federal reserve board given independence?
Removes politics from monetary policy decision making
FRB relies on expertise when making decisions
FRB makes economic policies efficiently
What is the role of rules committees in legislation?
Makes it easier or harder to pass a bill
Make the process,more efficient
How does congress exercise oversight of the fed bureaucracy?
How does casework affects attention to legislation?
Diverts time,resources,and staff thus reducing memebrs' ability to focus on legislation
Develops awareness of problems, thus focusing more time/resources related to laws
What did the voting rights act of 9165?
Eliminated voter registration requirements
: literacy tests, residency requirements
Eliminating use of english only ballots that prevented non english speakers from voting
Adv of congress over the prez?
Slow down prez decision making
Laws must go through congress
What are adv of the prez over congress?
Exec privilege, order, agreement
Commander in chief
what influences prez decision on who he appoints?
Veting-narrowing down candidates
There is a judiciary committee to recommend appointments
What party controls the senate
Tensorial courtesy for district courts
What the does an interest group provide for the Bureaucracy? Bureaucracy to interest groups?
SIG-B=congressional support via lobbying
B-SIG=low regulations, special favors
What the does an Bureaucracy provide for Congress? Congress to the Bureaucracy?
B-C=policy choices and execution
C-B=funding and political support
What the does an interest group provide for Congress? Congress to interest groups?
C-SIG=legislation and oversight
What factors affect political appointment?
What factors affect confirmation of appointments?
Hearings from judiciary committee
How does the executive branch check court cases?