AP GOV 16.txt

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AP GOV 16.txt
2013-09-21 13:53:08
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  1. What is the fundamental goal of interest groups?
    • Influence public policy
    • Influence congress/government
    • Change laws
  2. What is the fundamental goal of political parties in the political process?
    • Elect people to office
    • Gain control of gov
  3. How do interest groups support the goals of political parties?
    • Organization and mobilization of the people
    • Independent committees/527
    • Media campaigns
    • Monetary contributions/PAC donations
  4. What is policy making discretion?
    • Gov't economic policy that is not automatic or built into the system
    • Used to give other agencies with better judgement and knowledge in a topic
  5. Why does Congress give federal agencies policy making discretion in executing federal laws?
    • Congreve lacks expertise/agencies have it
    • Congress does not want to be blamed for bad policy
    • Time consuming
    • More efficient
  6. what are 3 agencies and their area of discretion?
    • EPA=clean air and water
    • FCC=TV, radio, satellite, phone
    • Federal reserve board=monetary policy
  7. How can congress ensure legislative intent?
    • Oversight
    • budget/appropriations
    • Hearings
    • Change law
    • Legislative veto
  8. What is reapportionment?
    Relocations of the number of reps each state has in the house
  9. Why is reapportionment beneficial to the states?
    • Increases or decreases the #I of seats a state has in the house/congress (not senate)
    • More representatives=more state influence
    • Increases or decreases electoral votes
  10. What is congressional redistricting?
    Drawing/redrawing of house/congressional district lines
  11. What is the purpose for gerrymandering?
    • Enhance part strength/weaken opposing strength
    • protect incumbents/discourage challengers
    • Increase minority reps/decrease minority representations
    • Punish foes/reward friends
  12. What is cracking? Packing?
    • Cracking- spreading out voters of a type among many districts to deny them a large voting block in any district
    • Packing- concentrate as many voters of one type into a single electoral district to reduce influence on other districts
  13. How has the supreme court regulated redistricting?
    • Apportionment (same population)
    • Lines must be connected
    • Can't dilute minority voting strength
    • Must be compact
    • Communities of interest must be protected
  14. What provisions of the BOR protect people who influence public policy?
    • Speech
    • Assembly
    • Petition
  15. How can interest groups exert power over policy?
    • Grassroots movement-mobilize the people
    • Lobbying in gov't insitutions- contact with policy makers to persuade
    • Litigation-use courts to gain policy preferences through cases
  16. What is an example of gov't regulations of interest groups?
    • Registration of lobbyists
    • limits on gifts
    • Prohibits bribery
    • Campaign finance laws
  17. What's a characteristic of the merit system?
    Hiring based on qualifications
  18. How does structure contribute to beaureacratic independence?
    • Large
    • Precialized units
    • Based on merit
  19. How does the complexity of public policy problems contribute to independence?
    • Specialized units
    • Delegated authority
  20. How can congress check the agencies?
    • Appropriations
    • legislation
    • Impeach
  21. How can the courts check agencies?
    • Judicial review
    • Court ruling that limit bereaucrativ practices
  22. How do interest groups check agencies?
    The first amendment
  23. How has selective incorporation limited the power of the states?
    Prevents states from denying a citizen from the rights in the BOR
  24. How does the executive branch influence fiscal policy?
    • Prez proposes/preparers the federal budget
    • President signs/votes legislation
    • Orb recommends budget
  25. How does the legislative branch influence fiscal policy?
    • Passes federal budget
    • Congress acts on spending/taxing legislation
  26. What does monetary policy do?
    • Regulate $ supply
    • Control inflation/deflation
    • Adjust interest rates to regulate economy
    • The cost of money
  27. Why is federal reserve board given independence?
    • Removes politics from monetary policy decision making
    • FRB relies on expertise when making decisions
    • FRB makes economic policies efficiently
  28. What is the role of rules committees in legislation?
    • Makes it easier or harder to pass a bill
    • Make the process,more efficient
  29. How does congress exercise oversight of the fed bureaucracy?
    • Funding
    • Committee hearings
    • Investigations
    • New laws
  30. How does casework affects attention to legislation?
    • Diverts time,resources,and staff thus reducing memebrs' ability to focus on legislation
    • Develops awareness of problems, thus focusing more time/resources related to laws
  31. What did the voting rights act of 9165?
    • Eliminated voter registration requirements: literacy tests, residency requirements
    • Eliminating use of english only ballots that prevented non english speakers from voting
  32. Adv of congress over the prez?
    • Funding
    • Impeachment
    • Slow down prez decision making
    • Laws must go through congress
  33. What are adv of the prez over congress?
    • Exec privilege, order, agreement
    • Commander in chief
    • Bully pulpit
    • The media
  34. what influences prez decision on who he appoints?
    • Veting-narrowing down candidates
    • There is a judiciary committee to recommend appointments
    • What party controls the senate
    • Tensorial courtesy for district courts
  35. What the does an interest group provide for the Bureaucracy? Bureaucracy to interest groups?
    • SIG-B=congressional support via lobbying
    • B-SIG=low regulations, special favors
  36. What the does an Bureaucracy provide for Congress? Congress to the Bureaucracy?
    • B-C=policy choices and execution
    • C-B=funding and political support
  37. What the does an interest group provide for Congress? Congress to interest groups?
    • SIG-C=electoral support
    • C-SIG=legislation and oversight
  38. What factors affect political appointment?
    • Party
    • Race
    • Gender
    • Positions
  39. What factors affect confirmation of appointments?
    • Hearings from judiciary committee
    • Party
    • Scandal
    • Filibuster
  40. How does the executive branch check court cases?
    • Appointment
    • Executive enforcement