BIO UNIT 1 Review

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drummerboy424
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236178
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BIO UNIT 1 Review
Updated:
2013-09-21 14:50:30
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BIO UNIT
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BIO UNIT 1
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  1. Type
    of cell that does not have a nuclear membrane or membrane-bound organelles?
    ________________
    Prokaryotic
  2. Component
    of a scientific theory that is based on observation: _________________
    Pattern
  3. An
    element’s atomic number is the number of _________ in an atom of that element.
    Protons
  4. Reactive
    elements have ___________ electrons which are unpaired in electrons in outer
    shell ___________.
    • Valence
    • Orbitals
  5. The
    backbone of biological macromolecules (and all organic molecules) is __________
    chains.
    Carbon
  6. Type
    of bond where valence electrons are shared unequally:

    ___________________.
    Polar Covalent
  7. Hydrogen
    bonds form the secondary structure of (1)_____________ & (2)
    ______________.
    • Proteins
    • Nucleic Acids
  8. Polar
    molecules are hydro_________
    Philic
  9. Water’s
    unique properties are due to (1)____________ &

    (2)_____________
    • Polarity
    • Hydrogen Bonding
  10. Type
    of reaction that polymerizes macromolecules: ________________________
    Dehydration/condensation
  11. The
    monomers of proteins, _______________, are joined by ___________ bonds.
    • Amino Acids
    • Peptide
  12. The
    three main components of amino acid structure are: (1) _____________,
    (2)_____________, & (3)_______________
    • Amine Group
    • Carboxylic Acid
    • R Group
  13. The
    sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide is known as a protein’s ______________
    structure.
    Primary
  14. The
    3D structure of protein comprised of a single polypeptide: ________________.
    Tertiary Structure
  15. ____________
    is responsible for tertiary structure in protiens
    R Group Interactions
  16. Monomers
    of carbohydrates are ________________ joined by ________________
    • Monosaccharides
    • Glycosidic Linkages
  17. Primary
    difference between starch & glycogen: _________________; starch &
    cellulose:_________________
    • Branching
    • α & β Linkages
  18. Cell
    wall of bacteria: _______________________
    Peptidogylcan
  19. Monomers
    of nucleic acids are ______________ joined by __________________.
    • Nucleotides
    • Phosphodiester Bonds
  20. Nucleotides
    are comprised of (1) ______________, (2)______________ & (3)
    __________________.
    • 5 Carbon Sugars
    • Phosphate Group
    • Nitrogenous Base
  21. RNA
    contains the sugar & base ______________ whereas DNA contains
    ____________________.
    • Ribose, (Uracil)
    • Deoxyribose, (Thymine)

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