Fundamentals of Exercise Science
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Any bodily movement produced by the contraction of skeletal muscles that increases energy expenditure above resting levels
Planned and structured repetitive movements of physical activity in order to improve or maintain one or more characteristics of physical fitness
- A group of characteristics a person possesses/achieves related to physical activity:
- Cardioresperatory Fitness
- Muscle strength
- Muscle Endurance
- Body Composition
Increase in stimulus beyond normal to impose demands on the body system to create adaptation
Minimum amount of overload required to bring about change.
Principiles of Training
The body will adapt to specific training stimuli with specific physical and physiological adaptations
Incremental increases in workload over period of training
Tissue Adaption/ Remodeling
- Stimulus creates demand
- Body repairs/remodels
- Remodel rate > tissue damage: adaptation occurs
- Remodel rate< tissue damage: overuse/injury
the amount of force a muscle can exert in a single all-out effort (1 Rep Max/1RM)
Muscle's ability to perform multiple submaximal contractions or hold a static contraction
Refers to a joint's Range Of Mobility-ROM
Relative proportion of fat (fat mass) and fat-free (lean mass) tissue in the body.
Ability to perform large muscle, dynamic, moderate to high intensity exercise for prolonged periods of time and reflects the functional capabilities of the heart, blood vessels, blood, lungs and relevant muscles during various exercise demands.
Metabolic Equivalent MET
- A measure of exercise intensity based on oxygen consumption
- 3.5 ml*Kg*min
- <3 Light PhA
- 3-6 Moderate
- 6+ Vigorous
Skill-related Fitness Components
- Reaction Time
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