Chapter 16

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Chapter 16
2013-09-21 19:33:20
Pharm first test

Pharm first test
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  1. akinesia
    reduction or absence of psychomotor activity that results in a masklike facial expression and impaired postural reflexes
  2. Bradykinesia
    slowness of movement
  3. chorea
    condition characterized by involuntary, purposeless, rapid motions
  4. dyskinesia
    impaired ability to execute voluntary movements
  5. dystonia
    impaired or distorted voluntary movement due to a disorder of muscle tone
  6. exogenous
    any substance produced outside of the body that may be taken into the body
  7. on-off phenomenon
    periods of greater symptomatic control alternating with periods  of lesser symptomatic control
  8. postural instability
    decrease or change in motor and muscle movements that leads to unsteadiness and hesitation in movement and gait when the individual starts or stops walking
  9. presynaptic
    drugs that exert their antiparkinsonian effects before the nerve synapse
  10. rigidity
    • resistance of the muscles to passive movement
    • leads to the "cogwheel" rigidity seen in Parkinson's disease
  11. tremor
    shakiness of the extremities seen mostly at rest
  12. wearing off phenomenon
    gradual worsening of Parkinsonian symptoms as a patient's medication begin to lose their effectiveness, despite maximal dosing with a variety of meds