Chapter 17

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Chapter 17
2013-09-21 20:04:42
Pharm first test

Pharm first test
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  1. affective disorders
    emotional disorders that are characterized by changes in mood
  2. agoraphobia
    fear of leaving the familiar setting of home
  3. akathisia
    motor restlessness
  4. anxiety
    unpleasant state of mind in which real or imagined dangers are anticipated and/or exaggerated
  5. biogenic amine hypothesis
    theory suggesting that depression and mania are due to alterations in the concentrations of neuronal and synaptic amines and the indolamines
  6. bipolar disease
    characterized by episodes of mania or hypomania cycling with depression
  7. depression
    abnormal emotional state characterized by exaggerated feelings of sadness, melancholy, dejection, worthlessness, emptiness, and hopelessness that are inappropriate and out of proportion to reality
  8. dopamine hypothesis
    theory suggesting that dopamine dysregulation in certain parts of the brain in one of the primary contributing factors to the development of psychotic disorders
  9. dysregulation hypothesis
    theory that views depression and affective disorders are caused not simply by decreased or increased catecholamine and serotonin activity but by failure of the brain to regular the levels of these neurotransmitters
  10. extrapyramidal symptoms
    term for symptoms that arise adjacent to the pyramidal portions of the brain
  11. gamma-aminobutyric acid
    amino acid in the brain that functions to inhibit nerve transmission in the CNS
  12. hypomania
    less severe and less potentially hazardous form of mania
  13. mania
    characterized by an expansive emotional states
  14. neuroleptic malignant syndrome
    adverse effect associated with the use of antipsychotic drugs and characterized by symptoms such as fever, cardiovascular instability, and myoglobinemia
  15. permissive hypothesis
    theory postulating that reduced concentrations of serotonin are the predisposing factors in individuals with affective disorders
  16. psychosis
    • type of serious mental illness that can take several different forms and is associated with being truly out of touch with reality¬†
    • unable to distinguish imaginary from real circumstances and events
  17. psychotherapeutics
    treatment of emotional and mental disorders
  18. serotonin syndrome
    collection of symptoms resulting from excessive activity of serotonin in the brain
  19. psychotropic
    capable of affecting mental processes
  20. stigma
    widespread negative perceptions of and prejudice toward a specific group of people
  21. tardive dyskinesia
    serious drug adverse effect characterized by abnormal and distressing involuntary body movements and muscle tension that is associated with the use of antipsychotic medications