Mental Health- ch 6

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Mental Health- ch 6
2013-09-22 11:00:41
Mental Health

Mental Health
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  1. Brain stem functions
    central processing of respiration, heart rate, balance, and blood pressure
  2. Reticular activating system function
    • controls inhibitory and excitatory function both by receiving impulses all over the body and relaying them to the cortex
    • arousal, wakefulness, consciousness, sleep regulation, and learning
  3. raphe nuclei function
    primary source for serotonin (5-HT)
  4. locus coeruleus function
    • primary source of norepinephrine 
    • instant fear response
  5. substantia nigra function
    major source of dopamine for the brain
  6. cerebellum function
    • coordinates planning, timing, and patterning of skeletal muscle contraction during movement
    • responsible for the storage, retrieval, and use of procedural memory
    • involved in recognizing social cues and eases participation in social interactions
  7. frontal lobe function
    • ability to think and plan; regulates emotions and behavior and stability of the personality; inhibits primitive emotional responses
    • controls general motor ability and motor aspects of spoken and written word
  8. prefrontal cortex function
    • comprehends the beliefs, intentions, and perspective of others
    • involved in cravings
  9. parietal lobe function
    • sensory function of touch, taste, and temp and the perception of pain
    • proprioception 
    • regulates the ability to evaluate muscular activity
  10. temporal lobe function
    • complex process of memory, judgment, and learning
    • processes the world of sight and sound into meaningful info
  11. occipital lobe function
  12. limbic system
    • anger, fear, anxiety, pleasure, sorrow, and sexual feelings
    • reward center of the brain
    • interpretation of smell and visceral reflexes
  13. amygdala function
    • coordinates the action of the autonomic nervous system and endocrine system and is involved in the control of emotions
    • nurturing behavior and fear conditioning
  14. hippocampus function
    • critical info processing station 
    • regulate the immune system and collating memories
  15. nucleus accumbens function
    reward center of the brain
  16. thalamus function
    • impressions of agreeableness or disagreeableness in response to sensations
    • monitors sensory input and acts as a relay station
    • pain sensations
  17. hypothalamus function
    • homeostasis
    • converts thinking and feeling into hormones 
    • helps regulate autonomic nervous system
  18. suprachiasmatic nuclei function
    responsible for circadian rhythms
  19. basal ganglia function
    organize complex patterns of thought and movement under the influence of emotional tone
  20. Dopamine functions
    motor activity, motivation, and reward
  21. serotonin function
    • mood and emotional behavior
    • soother, constrainer, and anti-impulsive
    • decreases person's focus and flow of info 
    • allows a person to stop a particular behavior when a person achieves what he needs
  22. norepinephrine and epinephrine function
    • mediating the sympathetic nervous system
    • key component of the emergency flight-fight system
    • increases attention and decreases pain sensitivity
    • enhances memory for stressful and traumatic events
  23. acetylcholine function
    • learning and memory; mood and sleep disorder; emotional regulation, social play, exploration, thermoregulation, water intake, and motor function
    • increases the production of nerve growth factor
  24. histamine function
    sexual behavior?
  25. gamma-aminobutyric acid function
    principle inhibitory neurotransmitter that regulates anxiety and influences muscular coordination
  26. glutamate function
    • excites neurons and makes them fire
    • learning and memory as well as the development and strengthening of synapses
  27. galanin function
    memory, mood, learning, epilepsy, and weight
  28. cholecystokinin functions
    • anxiety producing
    • inhibit food intake in adults
  29. orexins functions
    • affect sleep and arousal and are implicated in narcolepsy
    • play a role in hunger and satiation, cardiovascular function
    • reward and motivation
  30. endorphin and enkephalin function
    ability to experience pleasure and protect from pain perception
  31. DHEA function
    improves cognition, protects the immune system, decreases cholesterol, promotes bone growth, and serves as an antidepressant
  32. oxytocin functions
    • promotes touching and touching produces more
    • decreases cognition and impairs memory
  33. vasopressin function
    • improves cognition through enhancing the attention and alertness while reducing emotional extremes
    • focuses us on the present
    • helps us pay attention
    • antidote for anxiety and depression
  34. PEA function
    hormone of love
  35. melatonin function
    • immunostimulator agent
    • regulates sleep-wake cycle and other biological rhythms
  36. carbon monoxide function
    inhibits platelet aggregation, vasodilator