IMS & Rule of 6
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What are the objectives of the incident management system?
- Remove endangered persons or remove the danger and treat the injured
- Stop and/or control the incident
- Minimize loss through conservation of property
- Provide for the safety and welfare of emergency peronnel
What are the components of IMS?
- Command structure (to co-ordinate deployment of resources)
- Accountability system (to track personnel at the incident)
- Rapid intervention teams (to allow for the orderly search, rescue, and treatment of missing or injured personnel)
What are the tactical benchmarks of incident command?
- Primary search - completion of a quick and rapid search of the immediate area
- Under control - indicates stabilization of the incident
- Secondary search - thorough and systematic check of the affected areas
- Property conservation/loss stopped - completion of property conservation activities
Describe the 3 levels of risk management in emergency situations
- Significant risk - limited to situations in which there is potential to save endangered lives
- Inherent risk - limited to activities routinely conducted to protect property
- No risk - no possibility to save lives or property
What is the firefighters' role in IMS?
To work within the guidelines of the incident management system and complete tasks that have been assigned to the firefighter by their company officer
What is the purpose of the personnel accountability system?
To enhance the margin of safety for all personnel working at the incident scene and to provide a means of accounting for the location and assignment of the personnel throughout the duration of the incident
What are the key components of the accountability system?
- Entry control (with accountability board)
- Accountability board
- Apparatus passports
- Accountability tag
- Brass entry tag
- Helmet identifier
What are the 3 levels of accountability?
- Level 1 - crew accountability
- Level 2 - incident scene accountability
- Level 3 - accountability with entry control
Describe a PAR
- Incident Commander is notified by dispatch at the 20 minute mark
- IC will request a PAR through the Safety Officer starting with the area of highest hazard
- Radio silence is maintained until PAR is declared (distress calls are given a priority)
- Repeated every 20 minutes at the discretion of the IC
What other situations may call for a PAR?
- Change in firefighting tactics
- Missing personnel
- Building collapse
- Evacuation procedure initiated
- RIT deployed (upon completion of assignment)
Who can activate a PAR on an emergency scene?
Any individual can initiate a PAR through command whenever they have cause for concern
Give an example of PAR
- Command to all companies on scene, there will be a PAR request in 1 minute
- Command to Pump 90, do you have PAR?
- Pump 90 has PAR of 4, second floor
What are the components of the Rule of 6?
- 1. Size up
- 2. Call for help
- 3. Rescue
- 4. Cover exposures
- 5. Extinguishment
- 6. Overhaul
What is size-up?
The mental evaluation and pre-planning made by all responding Officers.
Describe call for help
A decision made by the Officer during size-up is additional resources are required. This could include additional apparatus/personnel, hydro, gas, etc.
What is rescue?
Includes those operations which are required to remove human beings from involved buildings or other hazardous situations and convey them to a place of safety.
What is covering exposures?
Includes those operations which are required to prevent a fire from extending to uninvolved buildings or separate units
What is extinguishment?
Includes those operations which are required to attack and extinguish the main body of fire
What is overhaul?
Includes those operations that are required to complete the extinguishment of any remaining fire, prevent rekindling, and place the building in a fire safe condition.
What is ventilation?
The process of removing smoke, heat, and toxic gases from a burning building and replacing them with cooler, cleaner, more oxygen-rich air.
What is salvage?
The saving of property. It consists of those methods which reduce fire, water, and smoke damage during and after a fire with the goal of minimizing property damage.
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