Card Set Information
A151 Owning Displaying
Owning and Displaying (B3, C4)
What factors determine ethical ownership and display?
Informed consent (removes moral obstacles)
Implied consent (not so)
Moral (how items were procured; imperialism, looting, dubious deals)
Legal (heritage rights, cultural paternity)
Repatriation of objects to make up for past wrongs
Display of body parts - time is important (are any of the descendants still alive?)
Respectful display of body parts (i.e. Pharaoh's)
Displaying objects in context
How does a cosmopolitan thinker think objects should be treated?
Emphasises common humanity, removing cultural differences
Global viewing is better for humanity
Gives better cross-cultural understanding
Removes context but protects objects
Rational and practical approach
Shared humanity - all members of 1 global community
Don't send items back, stock the museums with world art
Who is Kwame Appiah?
Prominent cosmopolitan thinker
Professor of Philosophy at Princeton
What is Appiah's concept of cosmopolitanism?
He defines cosmopolitanism as “universality plus difference”
Different cultures are respected “not because cultures matter in themselves, but because people matter, and culture matters to people"
I am a citizen of the world —Diogenes (404-423 BC)
We have obligations to others that are bigger than just sharing citizenship
What is cultural paternity?
Nations have rights of ownership
Patrimony overrides every other consideration regarding ownership
Jeremy Bentham, d.1832
Gave explicit instructions/CONSENT
Body publicly dissected
Turned into an auto-icon
Displayed at University College, London
Egyptian Mummies - what does their display give us?
NO CONSENT present
Archaeological - insight to past cultures
Anthropological - understand past of humanity
Scientific - understand health/diet
Educational - display and study for all
Torres Straits Islanders
In March 2011 the British Nat Hist Museum agreed to return the bones of 138 indigenous people
18 months negotiation by descendants
They received cultural recognition of their identity
EXAMPLE 3, continued...
Why were the bones returned?
They had a continued responsibility to case for the deceased
Spiritual and cultural connection to the remains
Symbolic value - reparation
Souls of dead cannot rest until remains are in an appropriate place
Indigenous American of the Yahi tribe
Living specimen at the Museum of Anthropology in SFO
His people were cruelly hunted - genocide
Autopsy - his brain was removed 'for science'
Early anthropology - morally questionable
Brain returned in 2000