Functional Groups

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Author:
adriana321
ID:
236326
Filename:
Functional Groups
Updated:
2013-09-22 15:06:10
Tags:
Functional Groups Biology
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Description:
Functional Groups
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  1. HONC-1234
    • H- 1 e- bond
    • O- 2 e- bonds
    • N- 3 e- bonds
    • C- 4 e- bonds
  2. Functional Groups
    Groups of atoms that give the molecule its function when attached
  3. Hydroxyl (O-H)
    Forms an alcohol
  4. Carbonyl (C=O)
    • Aldehyde: bonded on end; terminal carbonyl
    • Ketone: bonded in middle; non-terminal carbonyl
  5. Carboxylic Acid (O=C-OH)
    Carbonyl + Alcohol
  6. Amines (NH3/ NH2)
    If N is present = amines
  7. Sulfhydryl (S-H)
    If S is present= Sulfhydryl
  8. Hyrdrocarbons (H + C)
    C(n) + H (2nt2)
  9. Alkane, Alkene, Alkyne
    • Alkane - (1 bond)
    • Alkene = (2 bonds)
    • Alkyne -= (3 bonds)

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