Cardiorespiratory System

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Author:
Amadeus159
ID:
236343
Filename:
Cardiorespiratory System
Updated:
2013-09-24 15:17:20
Tags:
acsm Cardiorespiratory System
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Description:
Cardiorespiratory System
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  1. Blood Flow
    • Superior and Inferior Vena Cava
    • Right Atrium
    • Right Ventricle
    • Pulmonary arteries 
    • Lungs
    • Pulmonary Veins
    • Left Atrium
    • Left ventricle
    • Aorta
  2. Palpation Sites
    • Carotid: neck
    • Radial: wrist
    • Brachial: elbow (bp test site)
  3. Heart Rate HR
    Beats per minute BPM
  4. Stroke Volume SV
    Amount of blood ejected from LV in a single contraction
  5. Cardiac Output Q
    HR x SV
  6. Blood Pressure BP
    Amount of force exerted on arterial walls
  7. Systolic Blood Pressure SBP
    Pressure when heart contracts
  8. Diastolic Blood Pressure DBP
    Pressure on arterial walls when heart is at rest
  9. Arteriovenous Oxygen Difference
    Difference on amount of O2 between arterial and venous blood.
  10. Upper Respiratory Tract
    • Nose
    • Sinus
    • Pharynx 
    • Larynx
    • Conducts air to lower respiratory system
  11. Lower Respiratory System
    • Trachea
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
    • Alveoli
    • Gas Exchange
  12. Maximal Oxygen Consumption  VO2max
    • ml*kg*min
    • Highest rate of oxygen transport and use that can be achieved at maximal physical exertion
  13. Chronic Adaptations to Cardio Exercise
    • Decreased:
    • BP
    • HR
    • Blood Lactate
    • Increased:
    • Stroke Volume
    • Cardiac Output
  14. Pulmonary Ventilation  Ve
    • Volume of air exchange per minute
    • L*min
  15. Symptoms of Angina (chest pain) and myocardial infaction (heart attack)
    a. chest pain, b. pressure discomfort in the chest, c.left jaw, neck or shoulder-may radiate distally, d. shortness of breath and lightheadedness, e. back pain, which may be experienced by some women
  16. Target Heart Rate Range
    64%-94% of max HR

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