Equine exam one

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Author:
Kristenwilliams
ID:
236354
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Equine exam one
Updated:
2013-09-22 17:08:40
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Equine
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Equine
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  1. Which horse do you capture first?
    The dominant horse
  2. Which horse do you let loose last?
    Dominate horse
  3. Halter
    1-2 inch nylon, goes around head
  4. Lead rope
    8-10 feet long, 1-2 inch diameter with sturdy snap
  5. Lip chain
    30 inch chain and clasp that attaches to lead rope, used to enhance control of the halter, can be used over muzzle, under chin or as a lip chain
  6. Stocks
    Mostly used in clinic settings, dont leave horse unattended
  7. Side line or scotch hobble
    Denies horse use of one of its hind legs, hoof is drawn cranially so toe is just off the ground.
  8. Front leg tie
    Denies horse use of one of its forelegs, by using a long belt or stirrup leather.
  9. Twitches
    Pressure causing pain to a sensitive part of the animal, most commonly applies to upper lip, lower lip or the ear.
  10. Type of twitches
    Chain twitch, rope twitch, humane twitch, and skin twitch
  11. War bridles
    Made of hay string, include pressure over the upper gum to produce different intensities of pressure
  12. Lung line
    Used for exercise
  13. Restraining a foal
    Keep foal in sight of mother and attempt to corner it in a stall, do not chase, hold foal with arm around chest and raise the tail over its back, DO NOT FLANK
  14. 4 chemical restraints
    • 1) Xylazine
    • 2) Torbugesic
    • 3) Acepromazine Maleate
    • 4) Dormosedan
  15. Xylazine
    Brand name: Rompun, dose 0.5-1.1 mg/kg IV or IM, nonnarcotic analgesic, dropped head appears sedated, may cause transient heart irregularities, can still response violently to stimuli
  16. Torbugesic
    Butorphanol Tartrate, dose 0.05-0.2 mg/kg IV, opiate agonist, sedation, cardiovascular/respiratory depression
  17. Acepromazine Maleate
    0.044-0.088 mg/kg IV or IM, neuroleptananalgesic, relaxation slowed responses drooping eyelids protrusion of nictating membrane
  18. Dormosedan
    No re activity
  19. Rule of 8
    • Deciduous I1= 8 days
    • Deciduous I2= 8 weeks
    • Deciduous I3= 8 months
  20. Permanent I1
    2 1/2 years old
  21. Permanent I2
    3 1/2 years old
  22. Permanent I3
    4 1/2 years old
  23. Lower I1 nomore darkness
    age 6
  24. Lower I2 nomore darkness
    age 7
  25. Lower I3 nomore darkness
    age 8
  26. Upper I1 nomore darkness
    age 7
  27. Upper I2 nomore darkness
    age 8
  28. Upper I3 nomore darkness
    age 9
  29. Wolf teeth
    age 5-7
  30. I3 upper hook on back of tooth
    7 year notch
  31. Galvaynes groove
    10-30 years of age, I3 upper, dark line down tooth after 20 years of age line disappears
  32. Full mouth
    At age 5 all permanent teeth should be in
  33. Floating teeth
    File points off of molars and premolars
  34. Injection locations
    Neck is best location, twist skin and inject, can also use tap tap stick method. Hip muscles, pectoral muscle, shoulder, triangle of neck.
  35. Eohippus
    Dawn horse, 55 million years ago, 10-20' tall, 4 toes on front feet and 3 toes on hind feet, teeth were simple crowns, browser not grazer and lived in forest
  36. Mesohippus
    Middle horse, 35 million years ago, 20' tall, each foot had 3 toes middle toe was largest, browser, teeth grew bigger
  37. Merychippus
    Grass eater, 26 million years ago, 40' tall, middle toes larger ended in hoof and bore all weight, time of mountain development thinning of forests, started grazing, teeth developed high crowns and good cementum for grinding course grasses
  38. Pilohippus
    One-toed grazer 2-3 million years ago, taller-equivalent to today's horse, side toes became bones on side of legs (splint bones), teeth changed to adapt to eating grass, eyes wider for better vision
  39. Equus
    True horse, middle toe has terminated into a stout hoof, teeth high crowned will keep on growing throughout horses life
  40. Trot
    Move legs diagonally
  41. Pace
    Both legs in front/back move together
  42. 3 sires of Arabians
    Darley Arabian, Byerly Turk, Goldophin Arabian

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