Equine breeds and colors

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Kristenwilliams
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236362
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Equine breeds and colors
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2013-09-22 18:07:35
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Breeds colors
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Breeds and colors
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  1. American Mustang
    Light horse, brought to America by conquistadors, used mainly for pleasure, trail and endurance, decedents of Spanish horses.
  2. American Saddlebred
    Have long graceful neck and proud action, used as three and five gaited saddlehorses, harness and pleasure. Developed between 1840 and 1890 from Thoroughbred, Morgan and Standardbred. 15-16 hands 1000-1200 lbs. Chestnut, bay, brown, black and grey
  3. Andulasian
    Originated in Spain, used for bullfighting, parade, dressgae, and jumping. 15-16 hands 1000 lbs. White, grey or bay
  4. Appaloosa
    Originated in US by native americans, Must have mottled skin, white sclera and striped hooves. 14-16 hands 900-1200 lbs blanket and leopard pattern
  5. Arabian
    Bred as purebreds by King Solomon since 1600 BC. Imported to america in 1730. Have dished face, high tail carriage. 14-15 hands 850-1000 lbs. Chestnut, bay, gray, or brown all with or without white markings. Well known for stamina, used in showing, racing and riding. 1 vertebrae short from other horses.
  6. American Quarter Horse
    Originated in America, received name from running quarter mile races, used in ranch work because they have inherent cow sense, 14-15 hands 1000-1250 lbs. Chestnut, bay, dun, palomino, black, brown, roan or gray. Origin in King Ranch.
  7. Standardbred
    Trained to harness race at extraordinary speed without breaking into a gallop. Developed from Thoroughbred, Hackney, Arabian, and Morgan between 1800-1875. 15-16 hands 850-1200 lbs. Bay, chestnut, brown and black
  8. Thoroughbred
    Originated in England, used for racing, hunter/jumping, dressage, eventing. 15.1-16.2 hands 900-1200 lbs. Chestnut, bay, brown, black, grey and roan
  9. Morgan Horse
    Named after Justin Morgan who brought "Figure" to Vermont. 14 hand 1000 lb, used for working cow horses, trail, jumping, harness and pleasure. Bay, chestnut, black or brown
  10. American Saddlebred
    Kentucky, used for riding and driving. Shown as 3-gaited, 5-gaited and as fine harness horses.
  11. Tennessee Walking Horse
    1890-1935 for plantation owners who needed horse with an easy gliding gait to carry them to oversee their plantations. Smooth running walk. 15-16 hands 1000-1200 lbs. Bay, chestnut, black, brown roan, grey, white and golden. Derived from Thoroughbred, Standardbred, Morgan, American Saddlehorse.
  12. Lipizzaner
    Austrain breed 1585. Born black but develop white coat with age. 1000-1200 lb. Aerial acrobats
  13. Paso Fino and Peruvian Paso
    Originated in Spain, small horses with a "paso" gait. 13-15 hands 950 lbs. Grey, white, bay, black an chestnut
  14. Percheron
    France in 1600, 16-17 hands, Black or grey. Arabian influence
  15. Clydesdale
    Scotland, 17 hands. Black, brown, or bay with white stockings and growth of long hair called "feathers" on cannon bone
  16. Belgian
    16.2 to 17 hands and 2000 lbs. Great size, strength, endurance and action. Chestnut
  17. Shire
    England, largest draft horse 18 hands, 2000 lbs. Black, bay or grey
  18. Suffolk Punch
    England 1506 AD, only draft breed completely true to color. Chestnut. 16 hands 2000 lbs
  19. Hackney
    High stepping action, 12-16 hands 600-1200 lbs. Chestnut, bay and brown
  20. Pony of the Americas
    Iowa as a cross between Shetland and Appaloosa. 11.2-13 hands and have Appaloosa coloring.
  21. Shetland
    Shetland Isles, 11 hands, used for pleasure, riding and pulling carts. 300-400 lbs, any color.
  22. Welsh
    Wales, children mounts. 10-14 hands any color than Pinto
  23. Cob
    Used for work, draft pony
  24. Donkey/Burro
    • Pack animals, long ears, 6000 BC, 10-16 hands, hard workers, brown with darker tones and now in many different colors. 
    • Male: Jack
    • Female: Jenny
  25. Hinny
    Stallion (male horse) bred to a Jenny (female donkey). Smaller and more horse like than mule, sterile
  26. Mule
    Cross between Mare (female horse) and Jack (male donkey). Sterile, bred for work
  27. American Miniature
    Not a pony, under 36', true horses, any color/coat pattern
  28. Pinto
    Brought to America by Spanish in 1530's 14-16 hands, any color with white, except Quarter horse. Spotted horses other than stock type. Breeds such as Arabians, Saddlebreds, Hackneys and Shetlands
  29. Paint
    • Quarter horse only.
    • 1) White markings above knees or hocks
    • 2) Not have any appaloosa color or breeding
    • 3) 14 hands tall
    • 4) Cannot be five gaited or saddle horse type
    • 5) Must be sired by a registered paint, quarter horse or Thoroughbred
  30. Palomino
    Golden color, flaxen mane and tail. 15-16 hands. No black on legs, no spots, any breed
  31. Zebra
    Wild horse of Africa, 3 types of zebras
  32. Friesian
    Black only
  33. Parked
    Horses legs are stretched out and head is to the side
  34. Bay
    Yellow and red. Yellowish tan to a rich dark brown. Black mane and tail and black points (below knees and hocks, muzzle and ear tips)
  35. Black
    Completely black
  36. Brown
    Almost black but has brown hairs on muzzle and flanks
  37. Chestnut or Sorrel
    Red, light red to dark red liver color. mane and tail same shade as body although can be lighter. Mane and tail is flaxen, never have black mane and tail
  38. White
    Born white and remains white throughout life, pink skin and brown or blue eyes
  39. Dun and Buckskin
    Variations of Bay. Dun is dark bay and a dingy yellow body color. Buckskin is light bay and is light golden yellow. Black mane, tail, legs and mar or may not have a dorsal stripe. Zebra striped on lower legs.
  40. Gray
    Mixture of white hairs and hairs of a basic coat color. Born either chestnut, bay or black and basic coat color hairs are replaced with white hairs
  41. Palomino
    Golden color, mane and tail are white, silver or ivory.
  42. Roan
    • Mixture of white hairs one or more base colors
    • 1) Red roan: white hairs with bay
    • 2) Strawberry roan: white hairs with chestnut
    • 3) Blue roan: White hairs with black
  43. Tobiano
    White crosses over the back and extends downward (type of pattern)
  44. Overo
    Colored horse with white in legs and belly extending upward (Type of pattern)
  45. Piebald
    Horse with BLACK coat color and spots
  46. Skewbald
    Horse with white and ANY other coat color except black
  47. Appaloosa
    • 1) Must have striped hooves
    • 2) Must have mottling around muzzle, eyes and genitalia
    • 3) Must have unpigmented sclera
  48. 2 basic spotting patterns
    • Leopard: White coat with large dark spots scattered over body
    • Blanket: white hair crosses over horses croup, loin or back
  49. Snip
    Marking on horses nose, usually found between nostrils
  50. Star
    Found on forehead, can be any shape
  51. Stripe
    White line down the face, bridge of nose only
  52. Blaze
    White band down horses face
  53. White underlip
    White on underlip
  54. Bold, Bald or Apron face
    White from forehead to muzzle, extending around the eyes and often including the entire front of face
  55. Coronet
    White around coronary band
  56. Pastern
    White from hoof up to pastern joint
  57. Fetlock or Sock
    White from hoof up to the fetlock joint
  58. Half-stocking
    White starting at hoof and going halfway between fetlock and carpus
  59. 3/4 Stocking
    White starting at hoof and going 3/4 way between fetlock and carpus
  60. 1/2 stocking
    White starting at hoof and going 1/2 way between fetlock and carpus
  61. Full stocking
    White all the way up to carpus
  62. Muzzle
    White muzzle

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