lifespan ch 4

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brianklein
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236376
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lifespan ch 4
Updated:
2013-09-22 19:41:30
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lifespan psychology
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test 1
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  1. the sequence in which the earliest growth always occurs at the top of the head. physical growth and differentiation of features work their way down from the top to bottom. the same patter is found in the head
    cephalocaudal pattern
  2. _____ development generally proceeds according to the cephalocaudal
    motor
  3. the sequence in which growth starts at the center of the body and moved toward the extremities. for example an infant controls the muscles of their trunk and arms before they control their hands and fingers
    proximodistal pattern
  4. avg amount of neurons at birth
    100 billion
  5. at birth the newborns brain is about ___ percent of its adult weight
    25
  6. by a infants 2nd birthday the brain is about ___ percent of its adult weight
    75
  7. involved in voluntary movement, thinking, personality, and intentionality or purpose
    frontal lobe
  8. function in vision
    occipital lobe
  9. have an active role in hearing, language processing, and memory
    temporal lobes
  10. important in registering spatial location, attention, and motor control
    parietal lobes
  11. the brain has the ability to rewire the brain, it reorganizes and assigns different places to take over normal functions
    plasticity
  12. the typical newborn sleeps approximately __ hours a day
    18 hours
  13. by the time we reach adulthood we spend about ___ of our sleep in rem sleep
    1/5
  14. rem sleep in adults usually occurs ___ hour after non-rem sleep
    one
  15. ____ of an infants sleep is in rem rather then non rem
    1/2
  16. infants usually begin their sleep cycle in __
    rem
  17. a condition that occurs when an infant stops breathing, usually during the night, and suddenly dies without an apparent cause
    sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS)
  18. a wasting away of body tissues in the infants first year, caused by severe protein calorie deficiency
    marasmus
  19. a condition caused by severe protein deficiency in which the childs abdomen and feet become swollen with water. b/t 1-3 years
    kwashiorkor
  20. built in reaction that occurs when an infants cheek is stroked or the side of the mouth is touched. the infant turns its head to find something to suck
    rooting reflex
  21. automatically sucking an object placed in its mouth. enables the infant to get nourishment before he or she has associated a nipple with food
    sucking reflex
  22. a neonatal state that occurs in a reaction to a sudden, intense noise or movement. when startled the baby arches its back, throws its head back, and flings out its arms and legs.
    moro reflex
  23. neonatal reflex that occurs when something touches the infants palms. the infant responds by grasping tightly
    grasping reflex
  24. first 4 motor milestones
    prone head lift > prone chest up with arms for support > rolling over > support some weight with legs
  25. second 4 milestones
    sit without support > stand with support > pull self to stand >
  26. last 3 milestones
    walk using furniture for support > stand alone easily > walk alone easily
  27. motor skills that involve more finely tuned movements such as finger dexterity
    fine motor skills
  28. movements involving large muscle activity
    gross motor skills
  29. the product of the interaction between information and the sensory receptors- the eyes, ears, tongue, nostrils, and skin
    sensation
  30. the interpretation of what is sensed
    perception
  31. the ability to relate and integrate information from two or more sensory modalities, such as vision and hearing.

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