lifespan ch 6

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lifespan ch 6
2013-09-22 21:54:15
lifespan psychology

test 1
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  1. parts of the sensorimotor stages
    • -simple reflexes
    • -first habits and primary circular reactions
    • -secondary circular reactions
    • -coordination of secondary secondary reactions
    • -tertiary circular reactions, novelty and curiosity
    • -internalization of schemes
  2. piagets first sensorimotor substage which corresponds to the first month after birth. sensation and action are coordinated primarily through reflexive behaviors
    simple reflexes
  3. the second sensorimotor substage. the infant coordinates sensation and two types of schemes
    first habits and primary circular reactions
  4. scheme based on the attempt to reproduce an event that initially occurred by chance
    primary circular reaction
  5. third sensorimotor stage. the infant becomes more object oriented, moving beyond preoccupation with the self. an action repeated because its consequences
    secondary circular reactions
  6. 4th sensorimotor stage. the infant coordinated vision and touch. coordination of schemes and intentionality
    coordination of secondary reactions
  7. 5th sensorimotor substage. infants become intrigued by the many properties of objects and by the many things that they can make happen to objects. schemes in which the infant purposely explores new possibilities with objects
    tertiary circular reactions, novelty, and curiosity
  8. 6th and final substage. the infant develops the ability to use primitive symbols
    internalization of schemes
  9. the process by which information gets into memory
  10. memory without conscious recollection. memories of skills and routine procedures
    implicit memory
  11. refers to the conscious memory of facts and experiences
    explicit memory
  12. babies do not show ____ memory until the _____ half of the first year
    explicit; second
  13. the maturation of the hippocampus and the surrounding cerebral cortex especially the frontal lobes make...
    the emergence of explicit memory possible
  14. inability to remember anything from the first three years of life
    infantile amnesia
  15. an over score that combines subscores in motor, language, adaptive, and personal social domains in the ____ assessment of infants
    Gesells developmental quotient (DQ)
  16. scales developed by Nancy ____ that are widely used in the assessment of infant development. The current version has three components: a mental scale, a motor scale, and an infant behavior profile
    Bayley Scales of Infant Development
  17. focuses on the infants ability to process information in such ways as encoding the attributes of objects, detecting similarities and differences between objects, forming mental representations and retrieving these representations
    Fagan Test of Infant Intelligence
  18. how language develops
    • -recognizing language sounds
    • -babbling and other vocalizations (cooing, crying)
    • -gestures
    • -first words
    • -two word combos
  19. is the tendency to apply a word to objects that are inappropriate for the words meaning
    over extension
  20. children are biologically prepared to learn language. they acquire language at around the same time all around the world. environmental influences are also very important in development
    interactionist view