Large Animal Diseases Exam 1

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Large Animal Diseases Exam 1
2013-09-22 22:28:33
LG animal exam

LG animal exam 1
Show Answers:

  1. True/False: Grade "B" milk is used for drinking milk.
  2. Mohair is produced from what species?
  3. True/False: Rambouillet sheep breed out of season.
  4. True/False: U.S "Utility" grade meat is used for pork chops.
  5. True/False: Teats are washed in iodine to help prevent bacteria from entering the teat.
  6. In what phase to dairy animals reach peak milk production?
    Phase 2
  7. Stunning does what to the animal?
    Causes it to lose consciousness.
  8. Backgrouding
    retaining calves through the winter on high roughage diet
  9. Dry Lot
    Pen in which the main feed source is not grass.
  10. What is an advantage of a dry lot arrangement?
    Cows have freedom to move around, building costs are low.
  11. What is the major disadvantage of a dry lot arrangement?
    Not ideal for disease control; i.e footrot.
  12. What are the types of dairy parlors?
    • rotary
    • herring bone
    • side open
  13. Average interval of dairy cycles is ___-____ days
    365-385 days
  14. What is the role of cow calf producers?
    Raise calves for sale to feedlots
  15. How soon are piglets put into the nursery or growing phase?
    As little as 15-18 days
  16. Weaning age of piglets
    3-8 weeks
  17. ADG of pigs
    1.4-1.8 ibs per day
  18. Crutching
    shearing around udder, belly and tail before lambing
  19. Tagging
    Shearing around tail and sheath before breeding
  20. Facing
    Shearing wool above and around eyes
  21. Where can the chain shank/ lead shank be placed on the horse?
    • over the nose
    • through the mouth
    • under chin
    • under upper lip
  22. Where are the blind spots of the horse?
    • directly behind
    • directly in front of nose
    • directly between eyes
    • directly above head and between ears
  23. True/False: Elevating a leg is a severe form of restraint in the horse.
    FALSE : mild
  24. What are some twitching methods in the horse?
    • hands
    • shoulder
    • ears
    • chain
    • rope
    • humane
  25. Blindfolding a pig causes it to _______
    walk backwards
  26. Biosecurity
    security from transmission of infectious diseases parasites and pests
  27. True/False: Horses cannot safely be tied to immovable objects with a halter and lead rope.
  28. True/False: Horses can safely be tied to immovable objects with a tail rope if a quick release knot is used
  29. True/False: Nose rings should not be used to tie the head of an animal for head restraint.
  30. True/False: The tail may be safely used to move, lift and support a recumbent bovine.
  31. True/False: cattle cannot kick with both hind legs at the same time
  32. Mechanical twitches should not be applied to:
    • ears
    • lower lip
    • foals
  33. The "key" anatomic part of a bovine that is strategically used to help herd and direct the cattle is the ___________
    right hip
  34. When a ruminant must be placed in lateral recumbancy for a procedure, the preferred position to minimize the risk of developing bloat is ______________
    right lateral recumbancy
  35. The primary defense mechanism of swine is ______
  36. AI
    implantation of live spermatozoa into the genital tract of the female
  37. Cystic ovaries
    ovary containing multiple small follicular cysts filled with yellow or blood stained serous fluid
  38. Estrus synchronization
    use of hormones to alter reproductive cycles of females so that they are all in the same phase at the same time
  39. Paraphimosis
    inability to retract the penis back into the prepuce, usually due to excessive swelling
  40. Why is pregnancy detection important to producers?
    • planning of labor
    • feeding and mechanical needs
    • space needs
    • estimated budget needs
    • nutritional care
  41. True/False: Stage three of the birthing process is when expulsion of the fetus occurs.
    FALSE : stage 2
  42. What is the main advantage of AI
    decreases disease
  43. Inbreeding
    mating two closely related animals
  44. Linebreeding
    mating several generation of offspring to particular animals, or their descendants.
  45. Crossbreeding
    mating sires of one breed to dams of another breed
  46. Grading up
    breeding a grade animal to a purebred animal
  47. Proestrus:
    • declining progesterone
    • GnRH & FSH
    • increasing estrogen
    • follicular growth
  48. Estrus
    • Peak estrogen
    • LH
    • Ovulation
  49. Metaestrus
    • formation of CL
    • decrease in estrogen
    • increase in progesterone
  50. Diestrus
    • high progesterone
    • prostaglandin release if pregnancy does not occur
    • destruction of CL
  51. GnRH
    • source: hypothalamus
    • action: release FSH & LH from anterior pituitary
  52. LH
    • source: anterior pituitary
    • action: stimulates ovulation, CL formation, progesterone secretion
  53. FSH
    • source: anterior pituitary
    • action: follicle development, estradiol synthesis
  54. List components of the breeding soundness exam
    • preparation
    • penis and prepuce
    • scrotum and testes
    • measurement of scrotal circumference
    • breeding behavior
    • semen analysis
  55. List and describe stages of parturiton
    • Stage 1: labor
    • Stage 2: expulsion of the fetus
    • Stage 3: passage of the placenta
  56. Decubital ulcers
    pressure sores at bony prominences.