PSY 336 Chapter 4

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  1. 5 Kinds of Nonverbal Behavior
    • Emblems
    • Illustrator
    • Regulators
    • Self-Adaptor
    • Nonverbal Expressions/Displays of Emotion
  2. Emblems
    • Nonverbal gestures that directly translate to words
    • Over 800 emblems throughout the world
    • Ex: In America, raising the middle finger
  3. Illustrator
    • A nonverbal gesture that accompanies our speech, and often makes it vivid
    • Ex: Nodding our head and moving our toso to show empathy
    • Ex: Bill Clinton's signature fist with partially exposed thumb
  4. Regulators
    • Nonverbal behaviors we use to coordinate conversation
    • Ex: People look and orient their bodies toward people whom they want to start speaking
  5. Self-adaptor
    • Nervous behaviors people engage in with no seeming intention, as if simply to release energy
    • Ex: Jiggle their legs or stroke their chins
  6. Nonverbal Expressions/Displays of Emotion
    Ex: Signals in the face, voice, body, and touch that convery emotion
  7. Facial Expressions of Emotion
    • Tend to be fairly brief, typically lasting between 1 and 10 seconds
    • Involve involuntary muscle actions that people cannot produce when they feel like it, and cannot suppress, even when instructed to do so
    • Should have parallels, or homologues in the displays of other species
  8. Darwin's 3 Principles to explain why emotional expressions have the appearance they do
    • 1. Principle of Serviceable Habits
    • 2. Principle of Antithesis
    • 3. Principle of Nervous Discharge
  9. Principle of Serviceable Habits
    Expressive behaviors that have led to regards will re-occur in the future
  10. Principle of Antithesis
    Opposing states will be associated with opposing expressions
  11. Principle of Nervous Discharge
    Excess, undirected energy is released in random expressions
Card Set:
PSY 336 Chapter 4
2013-09-23 05:29:22
Communication Emotions Drumheller

Communication of Emotions
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