PSY 336 Chapter 4

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PSY 336 Chapter 4
2013-09-23 01:29:22
Communication Emotions Drumheller

Communication of Emotions
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  1. 5 Kinds of Nonverbal Behavior
    • Emblems
    • Illustrator
    • Regulators
    • Self-Adaptor
    • Nonverbal Expressions/Displays of Emotion
  2. Emblems
    • Nonverbal gestures that directly translate to words
    • Over 800 emblems throughout the world
    • Ex: In America, raising the middle finger
  3. Illustrator
    • A nonverbal gesture that accompanies our speech, and often makes it vivid
    • Ex: Nodding our head and moving our toso to show empathy
    • Ex: Bill Clinton's signature fist with partially exposed thumb
  4. Regulators
    • Nonverbal behaviors we use to coordinate conversation
    • Ex: People look and orient their bodies toward people whom they want to start speaking
  5. Self-adaptor
    • Nervous behaviors people engage in with no seeming intention, as if simply to release energy
    • Ex: Jiggle their legs or stroke their chins
  6. Nonverbal Expressions/Displays of Emotion
    Ex: Signals in the face, voice, body, and touch that convery emotion
  7. Facial Expressions of Emotion
    • Tend to be fairly brief, typically lasting between 1 and 10 seconds
    • Involve involuntary muscle actions that people cannot produce when they feel like it, and cannot suppress, even when instructed to do so
    • Should have parallels, or homologues in the displays of other species
  8. Darwin's 3 Principles to explain why emotional expressions have the appearance they do
    • 1. Principle of Serviceable Habits
    • 2. Principle of Antithesis
    • 3. Principle of Nervous Discharge
  9. Principle of Serviceable Habits
    Expressive behaviors that have led to regards will re-occur in the future
  10. Principle of Antithesis
    Opposing states will be associated with opposing expressions
  11. Principle of Nervous Discharge
    Excess, undirected energy is released in random expressions