Biology: Destroyer

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sdelacruz
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23649
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Biology: Destroyer
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2010-06-15 15:33:59
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Biology Destroyer
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Biology: Destroyer
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  1. Undifferentiated cambium tissue develops into :
    1.
    2.
    • Xylem
    • Phloem
  2. Plants lacking vascular tissue are called _______________.
    Non-Tracheophytes
  3. What type of enzyme transfers phosphate groups?
    kinases
  4. What type of enzyme is involved in oxidation-reduction reactions?
    dehydrogenase
  5. Centrioles are only found in _____________ cells.
    a. animal
    b. plant
    c .fungi
    animal
  6. __________ stimulates fruit ripening.
    Ethylene
  7. ________________ is an inhibitor of plant growth hormones.
    abscisic acid
  8. Myelin is made by ___________.
    • Schwann cells
    • *Myelin acts as an electrical insulator; it increases the rate in which the axon can translate signals.
  9. Gluconeogenesis occurs in the _____________.
    Cytosol
  10. Path of nerve Signal:
    1.
    2.
    3.
    • 1. presynaptic cell
    • 2. synaptic cleft
    • 3. post synaptic clef
  11. The middle ear contains 3 bones:
    1.
    2.
    3.
    • 1. incus
    • 2. malleus
    • 3. stapes
  12. Inner ear contains:
    1.
    2.
    • 1. semicircular canals - balance
    • 2. cochlea - sound waves in the air are converted into neural messages
  13. Fungi are ____________.
    Heterotrophic, NOT AUTOTROPHIC
  14. The _____________ is the physical environment in which the organism lives.
    Habitat
  15. A ____________ is the role that an organism plays in its natural community, the way that the organism lives, eats and reproduces.
    niche
  16. The interacting of different populations of species is called a _____________.
    Community
  17. A group of individuals belonging to the same species that interbreed while occupying a different area at a given time is called a ______________.
    Population
  18. A _____________ is a geographic region inhabited by a distinct community.
    biome
  19. In _____________, one organism benefits while the other is harmed.
    a. parasitism
    b. commensalism
    c mutualism
    parasitism
  20. In _____________, both organisms benefit from each other
    a. parasitism
    b. commensalism
    c mutualism
    c. mutualism
  21. In _____________, one organism benefits and the other is unharmed.
    a. parasitism
    b. commensalism
    c mutualism
    commensalism
  22. _______ cells secrete Pepsinogen.
    Chief cells
  23. ___________ cells secrete HCl, Intrinsic factor (B-12 absorption)
    Parietal cells
  24. __________ cells, secrete the hormone gastrin which stimulate the HCl production of parietal cells.
    G- cells
  25. osteoblast secrete __________.
    • Collagen
    • *Osteoblast cannot carry out mitosis!!
  26. In _______________, different species emerge from the same single ancestor.
    Adaptive radiation
  27. What is an example of adaptive radiation?
    Fiches from Galapagos Islands studied by Darwin
  28. The Hardy-Weinberg law dhows us how genotype and phenotype stability can be achieved in a ______________.
    Population
  29. What are the 6 assumptions of the Hardy Weinbergy law:
    • 1. large population
    • 2. random mating
    • 3. no isolation
    • 4. no mutation
    • 5. no natural selection
  30. Guanine - Cytosine contains how many H-bonds?
    3 Hbonds
  31. In ___________ syndrome, there is an extra X chromosomes - XXY
    Klinefelter Syndrome
  32. In ___________ Syndrome, the female is missing an X chromosome -- XO
    Turner Syndrome
  33. The __________ transports the sperm to the urethra then out of the penis.
    Vas Deferens
  34. The _______________ adds more thick mucous to the semen.
    Cowper's glands
  35. Spermatozoa matures in the ________________.
    Epididymis
  36. Sperm production occurs in the _______________.
    Seminiferous Tubules of the testes
  37. _______________ cells secrete testosterone which allow germ cells to mature into sperm cells.
    Leydig cells
  38. Darwin suggested that variation in traits are due to mutations.
    a. true
    b. false
    False
  39. The following are high energy compounds:
    1.
    2.
    3.
    • 1. phosphoenolpyruvate - highest energy
    • 2. acetyl coa
    • 3. ATP
  40. In the fetus the _______________, conducts blood from the pulmonary artery to the aorta, by passing the lungs.
    ductus arteriosus
  41. In the fetus the _______________, bypasses the pulmonary circulation.
    foramen ovale
  42. In the fetus the _______________, bypasses the liver.
    ductus venosus
  43. ____________ can be stored in the liver.
    Glycogen. NOT GLUCOSE
  44. Species that have analogous structures (have similar physical appearances) but are not related is an example of _______________.
    Convergent evolution.
  45. _______________ is a resting condition in the life of an insect.
    • Diapause
    • *similar to the vertebrates' hibernation
  46. Path urine takes:
    • Loop of Henle
    • Distal Convoluted Tubule
    • Collecting duct
  47. In the kidneys, the __________________ is where most resorption occurs.
    proximal convoluted tubule
  48. In the kidneys, the _____________ is the main area where secretion occurs.
    Distal convoluted tubule.
  49. ____________ lack cholesterol in their cell membranes.
    a. eukaryotes
    b. prokaryotes
    b. prokaryotes
  50. Fertilization occurs in the _______________.
    Fallopian tubes
  51. Male baboons and female baboons are very different in appearance, this is an example of ________________.
    Sexual dimorphism
  52. Random changes in the allele frequency from one generation to another in a small population can lead to elimination of a particular allele by chance alone is called __________.
    Genetic Drift
  53. Insulin ______________ blood glucose
    a. increase
    b. decrease
    b. decrease
  54. Glucagon _____________ blood glucose.
    a. increases
    b. decreases
    increases
  55. What cofactor is found in chlorophyll?
    Mg+2
  56. Early Earth's 5 reducing atmosphere contained:
    • NH3
    • H2
    • CH4
    • H2O
    • H2S
    • ****O2 IS NOT PRESENT*****
  57. Which 2 species are the only ones that have a 4 chambered heart?
    • mammals
    • birds
  58. Vegetative Propagation is a form of ________________ reproduction in plants
    a. sexual
    b. asexual
    asexual
  59. Pollen is produced in the _______________.
    Anther
  60. Myoglobin exist as a single chain and will store O2 in muscle.
    a. true
    b. false
    true
  61. _________________ is the primary neurotransmitter of the parasympathetic nervous system.
    Acetylcholine
  62. ______________ is the primary neurotransmitter of the sympathetic nervous system.
    Norepinephrine
  63. Viruses lack cellular organelles, thus antibiotics do not work against viruses.
    a. true
    b. false
    true
  64. What which type of RNA are unusual bases such as methylinosine, psuedouridine, and 4-thiouridine are found?
    t-RNA
  65. Kingdom _____________ will include the blue-green algae and the bacteria.
    Monera
  66. Paramecium are found in what Kingdom?
    Kingdom Protista
  67. Green Algae are found in what kingdom?
    Kingdom Plantae
  68. The sticky part of the flower is the _____________ and will catch the pollen.
    Stigma
  69. Vitamins yield how much energy?
    zero!!! vitamins do not make any energy!
  70. Stem cells in the bone marrow produce lymphocytes by ___________.
    a. meiosis
    b. mitosis
    mitosis
  71. Synapsis occurs in what stage of meiosis?
    Prophase I

    NOT FOUND IN MITOSIS!!
  72. _____________ is when new species forms as a result of geographic isolation.
    allopatric speciation
  73. The most recent era is the _____________.
    Cenozoic era
  74. In what era did dinosaurs appear in ?
    Mesozoic era
  75. The first land vertebrates, plants appeared in the _____________.
    Paleozoic era
  76. Invertebrates, monera, fungi appeared in the earliest era, called _____________.
    Precambrian

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