Card Set Information
Another name for Alzheimer's?
Cause of the disease?
*Degeneration of nerve cells
*loss of neurons
Who does Alzheimer's effect?
*It can effect anybody!
Early signs and symptoms?
-Appointments, things from night before etc.
-showers, bath, combing hair
6) Nothing is their fault
Later signs and symptoms?
1) Gait and disturbances
-brain's ability to coordinate walking
2)Lack of recognition
-loss of family and friends memory
-don't know why it happens, can't tell the difference between day and night
Things that MAY prevent the disease?
**NONE HAVE BEEN PROVEN TO ACTUALLY WORK**
Risk factors of the disease?
-however can be developed from as early as 40!
-Keep your brain active (crossword puzzle etc. may help)
Ways to diagnosis Alzheimer's
1) Extensive History
-from there friends and family (not them their self)
: diagnosis of exclusion
-if you cant find anything else wrong with them
3)MMSE-Mini Mental Status Exam
4)Clock Drawing task
Describe stages 1-3 of Alzheimer's
-No diagnosis of disease
2)- Very mild cognitive decline
-may be normal result of ageing, no evidence of disease
3)-Mild cognitive decline
-loved ones see lack ability to find right words
-hard time remembering names, planning
-difficulty in task in social or work settings.
Describe stages 4of Alzheimer's
4)-Moderate cognitive decline
-shows early stage of Alzheimer's
-Increasing difficulty w/ complex task, finances, personal history
-May see mood and behavior changes.
-Can be detected in a medical interview
Describe stage 5 of Alzheimer's
5)-Moderate severe cognitive decline
-may need help with some decision making
-still able to dress them selves and use toilet
-has short term memory and some long term loss
Describe stage 6 of Alzheimer's
6)-severe cognitive decline
-needs extensive help with ADL's
-knows familiar from unfamiliar people (but don't always remember names)
-assistance with dressing and using toilet
-mental changes (paranoia, hallucinations delusions)
-wanders, gets lost
Describe stage 7 of Alzheimer's
7) Very severe cognitive decline
-late stage disease
-unable to respond to environment
-assistance with all ADL's
-rigid muscle lead immobility
-develops infection which leads death
Medications to slow the progress
*most are acetylcholine inhibitors *
*does not work in later stages*
-Help improve their memory
2)Relief of Confusion
-only if they are not in denial
-families and loved ones
-monitor their safety
5)Promote self esteem
-don't treat them like babies maintain their dignity
List caregivers support
1) support groups
2)Home health care agencies
3)day care centers
1) Improve self-esteem
-don't treat them like a child
-find activities they are good at
-teach their families
2)Assist with ADLs- Break things down in easy steps
-find calming activities
-take knobs off stove
-they may become confused
-people have better times of day
-give them choices
-Always answer them
-deal w/ it the best you can
-keep them up and active as much as possible
4)lack of inappropriate response