Nixch1.txt

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
236553
Filename:
Nixch1.txt
Updated:
2013-09-23 17:51:13
Tags:
nutrition basics
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Description:
nix chapter one
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  1. Three functions of food nutrients
    • Provide energy
    • Build Tissue
    • Regulate metabolic processes
  2. 1 gram carbs = ? kcal
    4
  3. Diet should be __ % carbs
    45-65
  4. kcal is the amount of heat rqd to ...
    raise 1L water 1degC
  5. 1 gram fat = ? kcal
    9
  6. diet should be ___ % fat
    20-35
  7. 1 gram protein = ? kcal
    4
  8. diet should be ___ % protein
    10-35
  9. Primary function of carb is
    fuel for heat and energy
  10. primary function of protein is
    tissue building
  11. priary function of vitamins and minerals
    regulating body processes with some tissue building
  12. Four levels of nutrition
    • undernutrition: less than recommended nutrition but at risk and weak
    • Optimal: well yeah
    • malnutrition: sick due to under nourishment
    • overnutrition: fat
  13. Nutrition standard DRI is
    reference values expanding on the RDA's
  14. nutrition standard RDA is
    • recommended intakes periodically reviewed by nutrition scientists
    • intake that meets needs of most healthy people
  15. nutrition standard adequate intake is
    intake guide used when there is insufficient evidence to establish an RDA
  16. nutrition standard tolerable upper intake level is
    maximum intake unlikely to pose health risk in almost all healthy individuals
  17. Food guide pyrimid breakdown
    • bread/cereal 6-11 servings
    • vegetables 3-5 servings
    • fruit 2-4 servings
    • milk/cheese 2-3 servings
    • meat/dry beans/ egg 2-3 servings
    • fats oils sweets sparing
  18. 1 carb serving would be __ bread or __ cereal
    • 1 slice bread
    • 1 oz dry cereal
  19. 1 vegetable serving would be __ raw or cooked __ raw leafy
    • 1/2 cup raw or cooked
    • 1 cup raw leafy
  20. 1 milk/cheese serving would be __ milk or __ cheese or __ yogurt
    • 1 cup milk
    • 1 1/2 oz cheese
    • 1 cup yogurt

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