Nixch2.txt

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Author:
priceaction
ID:
236562
Filename:
Nixch2.txt
Updated:
2013-09-23 18:48:05
Tags:
nutrition carbohydrates
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Description:
nix chapter 2
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  1. monosaccharide names
    • glucose
    • fructose
    • galactose
    • maltose
  2. disaccharide names
    • sucrose
    • lactose
    • maltose
  3. polysaccharide names
    • starch
    • dietary fiber
    • glycogen
  4. glucose function in body
    • circulates in blood
    • primary fuel to cells
  5. glucose source
    • corn syrup
    • starch digestion
  6. fructose source
    • fruit
    • high fructose corn syrup
  7. galactose source
    digestion of milk sugar / lactose
  8. disaccharide sucrose is made up of
    glucose + frustose
  9. disaccharide lactose is made up of
    glucose + galactose
  10. disaccharide maltose is made up of
    glucose + glucose
  11. table sugar is which disaccharide
    sucrose
  12. lactose function in digestion
    • encourage growth of useful bacteria
    • aids in absorption of calcium and phosphorus
  13. major sources of starch in the diet
    • grains
    • beans / peas
    • potatoes rice corn
  14. nutrients found in grain outer bran leaves
    • dietary fiber
    • vitamins
    • minerals
  15. Three types of dietary fiber
    • cellulose: building block of plants - undigestable bulk moves mass through gi tract
    • non-cellulose polysaccharides: hemicullulose, pectins, gums absorb water and bulk up
    • lignin: woody part of plants, binds bile acids and metals
  16. Food groups providing fiber
    • whole grains
    • legumes
    • vegetables
    • fruits with their skins
  17. Nutrivie sweeteners
    • sugar alchohols sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol
    • absorbed more slowly so they dont spike blood sugar
  18. nonutritive sweeteners
    • aspartame
    • saccharin
    • sucralose
  19. glycogen reserves are stored in
    • primarily the liver
    • also the muscles
  20. Carbohydrate digestions occurs in
    • mouth from chewig and salivary amylase
    • stomach further breaks down machanically
    • small intestines with pancreatic amylase
  21. carbohydrate dri
    • 45% - 65%
    • 225g to 325g for a 2000kcal diet
  22. recommended limit of added sugars
    25% of carb kcal consumption

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