canine and feline week 4

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canine and feline week 4
2013-10-04 20:55:00
vet tech

canine and feline management
Show Answers:

  1. what does CCV stand for
    canine coronavirus
  2. CCV is considered a
    RNA virus
  3. ccv is a mutation of
    feline coronavirus or TGE
  4. what does TGE stand for
    transmissible gastroenteritis
  5. what are the clinical signs for ccv
    • leukopenia - not as low as parvo (7000)
    • dehydration 1st sign
    • bloody diarrhea but there are clots of blood in it
  6. what is to formula to rehydrate an animal
    # x % dehydrated x 500 = ml
  7. what are the percents of dehydration and the symptoms associated with them
    • 4% loss of skin turgidity
    • 7% loss of turgidity and sunken eyes
    • 10% lateral recombency
  8. what virus family and order of ccv
    • Coronaviridae
    • Nidovirales
  9. when was ccv first isolated
    1971 4 years after cpv-1
  10. how is ccv transmitted
    through fecal contamination of the environment
  11. why are antibiotics not neccessary for ccv like it is with parvo
    because the leukopenia isn't as severe as with parvo
  12. what is the main treatment for ccv
    fluid therapy
  13. what are 6 things can be told to clients about ccv
    • vaccinate on schedule
    • puppies can survive with correct/timely treatments
    • treatments are expensive
    • older dogs can become infected if not vaccinated
    • ccv can survive long term in the environment
    • keep dog parasite free
  14. what is the maintenance formula for a small and large dog
    • small = 2 ml /#/ hr
    • large = 1 ml /#/ hr
  15. what are 3 enteric viruses associated with dogs
    • canine parvovirus
    • canine carona virus
    • canine rotavirus
  16. how is canine rotavirus diagnosed
    with an ELISA test
  17. canine rotavirus is a [blank] virus
    RNA virus
  18. what is the nick name for canine rotavirus
    duo virus
  19. what does CVD stand for
    canine distemper virus
  20. what is highest age range for dogs to contract cdv
    6 weeks to 6 months
  21. what is th genus and family for cdv
    • Morbillivirus
    • Paramyxoviridae
  22. how is cdv mainly transferred
    through aerosolization (nasal) of body secretions
  23. cdv effects members of these four families
    • canidae - dog, fox, wolf and cyote
    • Mustelidae - weasel, mink, skunk, badger, ferret
    • Proconidae - kinkajou, coatimundi, red panda, raccoon
    • Felidae - cat, lion, leopard, tiger
  24. besides cdv what other two viruses are responsible for high mortality rates in dogs
    • rabies
    • canine parvovirus
  25. who first isolated cdv in 1905 and again in 1920
    • Carre
    • Laidlaw and Dunken
  26. what can cdv provide that parvo does not
    can provide life long immunity to distemper because there is only one strain of the virus
  27. why were measles vaccines one used in puppies
    because it lowered maternal immunity so it wouldn't block vaccines and the vaccine would increase immunity for distemper
  28. what animal is suscepible to both cdv and feline panleukopenia/canine parvo
  29. what are some clinical signs for distemper
    • diphasic curve
    • pyrexia
    • cough
    • mucopurulent nasal and ocular discharge
    • pneumonia
    • anorexia
    • vomitin and diarrhea
    • dehydration
    • impetigo (skin infection)
    • heyperkeratosis of foot pads
    • ataxia
    • enamel hypoplasia
  30. what is the treatment for CDV
    • antibiotics
    • fluids
    • nutrition/vitamin support
  31. what are 3 common terms associated with distemper
    • chorea - convulsions and chewing gum fits
    • tic - neurological remains
    • hard pads - hyperkeratosis
  32. what are 4 things you should tell a client about distemper
    • vaccination is the only prevention
    • the prognosis is guarded especially if neurological signs are present
    • CDV is the most common cause f seizures in dogs less then 6 months of age
    • although rare neurological signs may appear weeks to years after actual infection
  33. what does ODE stand for
    old dog encephalitis
  34. what is ode also known as
    chronic distemper encephalitis
  35. what are symptoms for ODE
    • ataxia
    • compulsive movements (head pressing) or continual pacing
    • in-coordinated hypermetria (exaggerated body movements)
  36. what is the definition for complete and balanced in terms of nutrition
    • complete - supports life and reproduction
    • balanced - gives all nutrients in a balanced proportion as well as supports life and allows reproduction
  37. what are the three basic forms of pet food and the percent of water in them
    • dry - 3% - 11%
    • semi-moist - 25-34%
    • moist food - 70-83%
  38. what are 4 advantages of dry food
    • cost effective
    • convenient
    • easy to use
    • can be left out all day
  39. animals will need more food (calories) during
    • growth
    • gestation
    • hard work
    • lactation
    • activity
  40. what is the compound responsible for struvite crystals
    magnesium ammonium phosphate, triple phosphate
  41. what 3 things factor calories/food consumption
    • age
    • activity level
    • temperature (increase 7.5%/decrease 7.5%)
  42. how many grams are in an ounce
    2.3 grams
  43. how many ounces are in a pound
    16 oz
  44. how much should a puppy gain weight weekly prior to weening
    it should gain it birth weight each week
  45. what are 3 energy producing nutrients
    • proteins
    • carbohydrates
    • fats
  46. what are 3 non-energy producing nutrients
    • vitamins
    • minerals
    • water
  47. what are 3 reasons colostrum is important
    • fluid for vital postpartum circulatory expansion
    • carries protective maternal antibodies must be consumed in 24-48 hrs to be absorbed via the digestive tract
    • contains energy and non-energy producing nutrients
  48. what is the formula for feeding orphaned neonates
    1 ounce per gram of body weight per 24 hrs divided in four doses
  49. why should replacement formula be used to feed orphaned neonates instead of cows milk
    because its higher in protein and lower in lactose
  50. when does peak lactation occur at
    4 weeks
  51. when will weaning approximately happen
    5-6 weeks
  52. when should semisolid gruel be introduced and what are two exceptions for this
    • three weeks
    • toy breeds and weak animals
  53. what is Dr. Youngers puppy gruel recipe
    • 1 cup of dry puppy food
    • 1 cup of canned food (not a lot of grease)
    • 1 tsp of pancake/waffle syrup
    • 1 cup of oat meal
    • mix together in a blender
    • serve warm to prevent colic
  54. what is the weaning formula should span 5 days
    • 1st day - don't feed the bitch (ha!) provide lots of water
    • 2nd day - feed 1/4 normal maintenance amount
    • 3rd day - feed 1/2 normal maintenance amount
    • 4th day - feed 3/4 normal maintenance amount
    • 5th day - feed normal maintenance level
  55. how many ounces are in 1 cup
    8 oz
  56. how many milliliters are in 1 ounce and how many table spoons is this
    • 30 ml
    • 2 tbs
  57. how many milliliters are in 1 tbs (1/2 ounce)
    15 ml
  58. how many milliliters are in a dessert spoon
    8 ml
  59. how many milliliters are in 1 tsp
    5 ml
  60. how many calories should a small dog (less than 20 #) be feed
    30% more calories than a medium sized dog (39 cal/#)
  61. how many calories should a medium dog (20-75 #) be feed
    30 cal per #
  62. how many calories should a large dog (75 # and up) be feed
    15% fewer then a medium dog (25.5 cal/#)
  63. when should puppies and kittens develop a lap reflex
    2-3 weeks (pigs 3 days)
  64. what is the calorie per pound for a cat
    • 32 - 34 calories/#/ day
    • 3 oz semi-moist, 6-8 oz canned
    • average cat is usually 7-9 #
  65. what does RER stand for
    resting energy requirement
  66. what is the term for delivering nutrition to a patient intravenously
    parenteral nutrition (PN)
  67. what does PN stand for
    parenteral nutrition
  68. what does a PN solution contain
    electrolytes, animo acids, and lipids in a crystalloid suspension
  69. what is the maintenance dose for a PN solution
    60 ml / kg / day
  70. how much of a pets diet should consist of table scraps
  71. why shouldn't a pet consume bones
    • can splinter and become wedge in the teeth
    • can lacerate the esophagus
    • cause GI constipation or obstruction