Study Cards for Biology of Birds.txt

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Study Cards for Biology of Birds.txt
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Biology of Birds- bird list study cards
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    • author "me"
    • tags "Taxonomy, family, species, birds"
    • description "Biology of Birds- bird list study cards"
    • fileName "Study Cards for Biology of Birds"
    • freezingBlueDBID -1.0
    • Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization (song).
    • Common: Red-Tailed Hawk
    • Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks- Buteos) (pg. 144)
    • S.N.: Buteo jamaicensis
    • Vocalization: Harsh, descending "keeeeer"
  1. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization (song).
    • Common: Red-Shouldered Hawk
    • Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks- Buteos) (pg. 138)
    • S.N.: Buteo lineatus
    • Vocalization: Evenly spaced series of clear, high "kee-ah" or "kah" notes
  2. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization (song).
    • Common: Broad-Winged Hawk
    • Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks- Buteos) (pg. 138)
    • S.N.: Buteo platypterus
    • Vocalization: Thin, shrill, slightly descending whistle: "pee-teee"--heard on breeding and winter grounds
  3. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization (song).
    • Common: Mourning Dove
    • Family: Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves) (pg. 266)
    • S.N.: Zenaida macroura
    • Vocalization: Mournful "oowoo-woo-woo-woo"; wings produce a fluttering whistle as the bird takes flight
  4. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization (song).
    • Common: Great Horned Owl
    • Family: Strigidae (Typical Owls) (pg. 282)
    • S.N.: Bubo virginianus
    • Vocalization: Series of three to eight loud, deep hoots--second and third hoots often short and rapid; juveniles give a raspy begging call
  5. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization (song).
    • Common: Barred Owl
    • Family: Strigidae (Typical Owls) (pg. 284)
    • S.N.: Strix varia
    • Vocalization: Distinctive, rhythmic series of loud hoots: "who-cooks-for-you, who-cooks-for-you-all"--also a drawn-out "hoo-ah," sometimes preceded by an ascending agitated barking; much more likely than most other owls to be heard in daytime--often a pair call back and forth
  6. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization (song).
    • Common: Eastern Screech Owl
    • Family: Strigidae (Typical Owls) (pg. 286)
    • S.N.: Megascops asio
    • Vocalization: Two typical calls: a series of quavering whistles, descending in pitch--and a long single trill, all on one pitch; sometimes may be heard calling inside roost hole in morning
  7. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization (song).
    • Common: Common Nighthawk
    • Family: Caprimulgidae (Goatsuckers) (pg. 292)
    • S.N.: Chordeiles minor
    • Vocalization: A rapid, tremulous trill, heard only on breeding grounds
  8. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Whip-Poor-Will/Eastern Whip-Poor-Will
    • Family:. Caprimulgidae (Goatsuckers) (pg. 294)
    • S.N.: Caprimulgus vociferus
    • Vocalization: A clear, loud "whip-poor-will"--also "cluck" notes, especially in flight
  9. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Belted Kingfisher
    • Family: Alcedinidae (Kingfishers) (pg. 310)
    • S.N.: Megaceryle alcyon
    • Vocalization: A loud, dry rattle
  10. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Red-Headed Woodpecker
    • Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers) (pg. 312)
    • S.N.: Melanerpes erythrocephalus
    • Vocalization: In breeding season utters a loud "queark," similar to Red-bellied Woodpecker but harsher and sharper--uncommon to fairly common call is a guttural rattle
  11. QqGive this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Red-bellied Woodpecker
    • Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers) (pg. 314)
    • S.N.: Melanerpes carolinus
    • Vocalization: A rolling "church," given in a series during breeding season, or "chiv-chiv"--is slightly softer than Golden-fronted
  12. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Northern Flicker
    • Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers- Sapsuckers) (pg. 322)
    • S.N.: Colaptes auratus
    • Vocalization: On the breeding ground is a long, loud series of "wick-er" notes--a single, loud "klee-yer" is given year-round
  13. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Downy Woodpecker
    • Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers- Sapsuckers) (pg. 320)
    • S.N.: Picoides pubescens
    • Vocalization: Call, "pik," and whinny are softer and higher pitched than Hairy Woodpecker
  14. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Hairy Woodpecker
    • Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers- Sapsuckers) (pg. 320)
    • S.N.: Picoides villosus
    • Vocalization: A loud, sharp "peek" and a slurred whinny
  15. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Pileated Woodpecker
    • Family: Picidae (Woodpeckers- Sapsuckers) (pg. 324)
    • S.N.: Dryocopus pileatus
    • Vocalization: A loud "wuck" note or series of notes, given all year, often in flight--similar call call of Northern Flicker is given only in the breeding season--loud, resonant drumming given most frequently by male
  16. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Eastern Wood-Peewee
    • Family: Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers) (pg. 328)
    • S.N.: Contopus virens
    • Vocalization: Distinctive song is a clear, slow, plaintive "pee-a-wee," the second note lower--this phrase often alternates with a downslurred "pee-yer"--calls include a loud chip and clear, whistled, rising "pweee" notes--often given together, "chip pweee"
  17. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Acadian Flycatcher
    • Family: Tyrannidae (Tyrant Flycatchers- Empidonax Flycatchers) (pg. 328)
    • S.N.: Empidonax virescens
    • Vocalization: A soft "peace," extended in song to an emphatic "pee-tsup"--on breeding grounds, also gives a flickerlike "ti ti ti ti ti"
  18. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: White-Eyed Vireo
    • Family: Vireonidae (Vireos) (pg. 350)
    • S.N.: Vireo griseus
    • Vocalization: Typical song is a loud, variable five- to seven-note phrase usually beginning and ending with a sharp "chick"--also gives a chatter call suggestive of House Wren
  19. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Yellow-Throated Vireo
    • Family: Vireonidae (Vireos) (pg. 350)
    • S.N.: Vireo flavifrons
    • Vocalization: A slow repetition of buzzy, low-pitched two- or three-note phrases separated by long pauses, often contains a rising "three-eight"--calls include a rapid, harsh series of "cheh" notes
  20. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Red-Eyed Vireo
    • Family: Vireonidae (Vireos) (pg. 354)
    • S.N.: Vireo olivaceus
    • Vocalization: Persistent song, sung all day, a variable series of deliberate short phrases--calls include a nasal, whining "quee"
  21. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Blue Jay
    • Family: Corvidae (Crows and Jays) (pg. 358)
    • S.N.: Cyanocitta cristata
    • Vocalization: Most common of varied calls is a piercing "jay jay jay"--also gives a musical "weedle-eedle" and mimics the call of Red-Shouldered Hawk
  22. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: American Crow
    • Family: Corvidae (Crows and Jays) (pg. 364)
    • S.N.: Corvus brachyrhynchos
    • Vocalization: Adult is readily identified by familiar "caw" call, but juvenile's higher-pitched, nasal "cah" begging call resembles the call of the similar Fish Crow
  23. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Tufted Titmouse
    • Family: Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice) (pg. 374)
    • S.N.: Baeolophus bicolor
    • Vocalization: Typical song is a loud, whistled "peter peter peter"--less vocal than Black-Crested--calls softer and less nasal
  24. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Carolina Chickadee
    • Family: Paridae (Chickadees and Titmice) (pg. 376)
    • S.N.: Poecile carolinensis
    • Vocalization: Call is a higher, faster version of "chick-a-dee-dee-dee" than Black-Capped--Typical song is a four-note whistle, "fee-bee fee-bay"
  25. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: White-Breasted Nuthatch
    • Family: Sittidae (Nuthatches) (pg. 380)
    • S.N.: Sitta carolinensis
    • Vocalization: Song of eastern "carolinensis" and Pacific "aculeata" is a series of whistles on one pitch--lower and richer in "carolinensis"--call is a low-pitched "yank" in "carolinensis", a higher-pitched "wheer" in "aculeata" and a rising series of even higher "yida" notes in "lagunae" group--song of latter varied, but most often consists of a series of their calls
  26. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: House Wren
    • Family: Troglodytidae (Wrens) (pg. 384)
    • S.N.: Troglodytes aedon
    • Vocalization: Exuberant song is a cascade of bubbling whistled notes--calls include a soft "chek" and a harsh scold
  27. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Carolina Wren
    • Family: Troglodytidae (Wrens) (pg. 384)
    • S.N.: Thryothorus ludovicianus
    • Vocalization: Vivacious, melodious song, a loud, clear "teakettle tea-kettle teakettle" or "cheery cheery cheery"--sings all year
  28. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Eastern Bluebird
    • Family: Turdidae (Thrushes) (pg. 396)
    • S.N.: Sialia sialis
    • Vocalization: Call is a musical, rising "chur-lee," extended in song to "chur chur-lee chur-lee"
  29. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: American Robin
    • Family: Turdidae (Thrushes) (pg. 402)
    • S.N.: Turdus migratorius
    • Vocalization: Loud, liquid song, is a variable "cheerily cheer-up cheerio"--calls include a rapid "tut tut tut"--a high, thin "ssp" in flight
  30. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Gray Catbird
    • Family: Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers) (pg. 404)
    • S.N.: Dumetella carolinensis
    • Vocalization: Song is a mixture of melodious, nasal, and squeaky notes interspersed with catlike "mew" notes--some are good mimics--most readily identified by harsh, downslurred "mew" call--also gives a low "quirt" and a clucking noise
  31. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Northern Mockingbird
    • Family: Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers) (pg. 404)
    • S.N.: Mimus polyglottos
    • Vocalization: Song is a mixture of original and imitative phrases, each repeated several times--often sings at night--imitates other species' songs and calls--both sexes sing in fall, claiming feeding territories--call is a loud, sharp "check"
  32. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Brown Thrasher
    • Family: Mimidae (Mockingbirds and Thrashers) (pg. 406)
    • S.N.: Toxostoma rufum
    • Vocalization: Sings a series of varied melodious phrases, each phrase usually given only two or three times--seldom imitates other birds--calls include a sharp "spuck" and a low "churr"
  33. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Prothonotory Warbler
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 446)
    • S.N.: Protonotaria citrea
    • Vocalization: Song is a series of loud, ringing "zweet" notes--gives a dry chip note and buzzy flight call
  34. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Blue-Winged Warbler
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 424)
    • S.N.: Vermivora cyanoptera
    • Vocalization: Main song is a wheezy "beee-bzzz," the second note lower--alternate song is longer and more complex--call is a dry, sharp chip--in flight, call is a thin "zit"
  35. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Yellow-Throated Warbler
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 440)
    • S.N.: Setophaga dominica
    • Vocalization: Song is a series of clear, downslurred whistles ending with a rising note--call is a rich chip
  36. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Yellow Warbler
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 430)
    • S.N.: Setophaga petechia
    • Vocalization: Song, rapid, variable, is sometimes written "sweet sweet sweet I'm so sweet"--call is a sweet, rich chip, often repeated in a rapid series when agitated--the flight call is a breezy "zeet"
  37. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Prairie Warbler
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 440)
    • S.N.: Setophaga discolor
    • Vocalization: Distinctive song, a rising series of buzzy "zee" notes--call is a flat "tsuk"
  38. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Pine Warbler
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 442)
    • S.N.: Setophaga pinus
    • Vocalization: Song is a twittering musical trill, varying greatly in speed--call is a flat, sweet chip
  39. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Louisiana Waterthrush
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 446)
    • S.N.: Parkesia motacilla
    • Vocalization: Call note, a sharp "chick," is slightly flatter than Northern Waterthrush--song begins with three or four shrill, slurred notes followed by a brief, rapid jumble
  40. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Common Yellowthroat
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 452)
    • S.N.: Geothlypis trichas
    • Vocalization: Variable song--one version is a loud, rolling "wichity wichity wichity wich"--calls include a raspy "tidge"
  41. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: European Starling
    • Family: Sturnidae (Starlings) (pg. 410)
    • S.N.: Sturnus vulgaris
    • Vocalization: Song includes squeaks, warbles, chirps, and twittering--also imitates songs of other species--otherwise, often silent, though gives various harsh calls in interactions with others and has a soft, breezy flight call
  42. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Eastern Towhee
    • Family: Emberizidae (Emberizids) (pg. 460)
    • S.N.: Pipilo erythrophthalmus
    • Vocalization: Full song has three parts, often rendered as "drink your tea," or shortened to two parts: "drink tea"--Northeastern birds' call is a slightly upslurred "chwee"--in "alleni," a clearer, even-pitch or upslurred "swee"
  43. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Song Sparrow
    • Family: Emberizidae (Emberizids- Melospiza) (pg. 478)
    • S.N.: Melospiza melodia
    • Vocalization: Typical song has three or four short clear notes followed by a buzzy "tow-wee," then a trill--distinctive call note is a nasal, hollow "chimp"
  44. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Northern Cardinal
    • Family: Cardinalidae (Cardinals, Piranga Tanagers, and Allies) (pg. 492)
    • S.N.: Cardinalis cardinalis
    • Vocalization: Song is a loud, liquid whistling with many variations, including "cue cue cue" and "cheer cheer cheer" and "purty purty purty"--both sexes sing almost year-round--common call is a sharp chip
  45. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Indigo Bunting
    • Family: Cardinalidae (Cardinals, Piranga Tanagers, and Allies) (pg. 498)
    • S.N.: Passerina cyanea
    • Vocalization: Song is a series of varied phrases, usually paired--calls include a sharp "pit" or "spitch"--flight call is a dry buzz
  46. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Eastern Meadowlark
    • Family: Icteridae (Blackbirds) (pg. 500)
    • S.N.: Sturnella magna
    • Vocalization: Song is a clear, whistled "see-you see-yeeer"--distinctive call is a high, buzzy "drzzt," given in a rapid series in flight
  47. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: Red-Winged Blackbird
    • Family: Icteridae (Blackbirds) (pg. 502)
    • S.N.: Agelaius phoeniceus
    • Vocalization: Song is a liquid, gurgling "konk-la-reee," ending in a trill--most common call is a "chack" note; also frequents feeding stations
  48. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names and vocalization.
    • Common: House Finch
    • Family: Fringillidae (Fringilline and Cardueline Finches and Allies) (pg. 518)
    • S.N.: Carpodacus mexicanus
    • Vocalization: Lively, high-pitched song consists chiefly of varied three-note phrases--includes strident notes, unlike Purple Finch's song--usually ends with a nasal "wheer"--calls include a whistled "wheat"
  49. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Canada Goose
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Geese) (pg. 20)
    • S.N.: Branta canadensis
  50. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Wood Duck
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Perching Ducks) (pg. 24)
    • S.N.: Aix sponsa
  51. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Mallard
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Dabbling Ducks) (pg. 26)
    • S.N.: Anas platyrhynchos
  52. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Gadwall
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Dabbling Ducks) (pg. 28)
    • S.N.: Anas strepera
  53. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Northern Shoveler
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Dabbling Ducks) (pg. 32)
    • S.N.: Anas clypeata
  54. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Ring-Necked Duck
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Pochards) (pg. 34)
    • S.N.: Aythya collaris
  55. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Lesser Scaup
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Pochards) (pg. 36)
    • S.N.: Aythya affinis
  56. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Greater Scaup
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Pochards) (pg. 36)
    • S.N.: Aythya marila
  57. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Common Goldeneye
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Sea Ducks) (pg. 44)
    • S.N.: Bucephala clangula
  58. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Hooded Merganser
    • Family: Anatidae (Ducks, Geese, and Swans- Mergansers) (pg. 46)
    • S.N.: Lophodytes cucullatus
  59. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Common Loon
    • Family: Gaviidae (Loons) (pg. 70)
    • S.N.: Gavia immer
  60. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Pied-Billed Grebe
    • Family: Podicipedidae (Grebes) (pg. 72)
    • S.N.: Podilymbus podiceps
  61. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Double-Crested Cormorant
    • Family: Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants) (pg. 106)
    • S.N.: Phalacrocorax auritus
  62. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Great Egret
    • Family: Ardeidae (Herons, Bitterns, and Allies) (pg. 114)
    • S.N.: Ardea alba
  63. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Great Blue Heron
    • Family: Ardeidae (Herons, Bitterns, and Allies) (pg. 112)
    • S.N.: Ardea herodias
  64. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Turkey Vulture
    • Family: Cathartidae (New World Vultures) (pg. 124)
    • S.N.: Cathartes aura
  65. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Black Vulture
    • Family: Cathartidae (New World Vultures) (pg. 124)
    • S.N.: Coragyps atratus
  66. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Bald Eagle
    • Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks- Eagles) (pg. 130)
    • S.N.: Haliaeetus leucocephalus
  67. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Rough-Legged Hawk
    • Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks- Buteos) (pg. 144)
    • S.N.: Buteo lagopus
  68. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Northern Harrier
    • Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks- Eagles) (pg. 132)
    • S.N.: Circus cyaneus
  69. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Cooper's Hawk
    • Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks- Accipters) (pg. 134)
    • S.N.: Accipter cooperii
  70. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Sharp-Shinned Hawk
    • Family: Accipitridae (Kites, Eagles, and Hawks- Accipters) (pg. 134)
    • S.N.: Accipter striatus
  71. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: American Kestrel
    • Family: Falconidae (Caracaras and Falcons) (pg. 148)
    • S.N.: Falco sparverius
  72. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Ring-Billed Gull
    • Family: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers) (pg. 222)
    • S.N.: Larus delawarensis
  73. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Herring Gull
    • Family: Laridae (Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers) (pg. 224)
    • S.N.: Larus argentatus
  74. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: American Coot
    • Family: Rallidae (Rails, Gallinules, and Coots) (pg. 160)
    • S.N.: Fulica americana
  75. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Short-Eared Owl
    • Family: Strigidae (Typical Owls)
    • S.N.: Asio flammeus
  76. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Rock Pigeon
    • Family: Columbidae (Pigeons and Doves) (pg. 264)
    • S.N.: Columba livia
  77. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Ruby-Throated Hummingbird
    • Family: Trochilidae (Hummingbirds) (pg. 306)
    • S.N.: Archilochus colubris
  78. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Tree Swallow
    • Family: Hirundinidae (Swallows) (pg. 370)
    • S.N.: Tachycineta bicolor
  79. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Barn Swallow
    • Family: Hirundinidae (Swallows) (pg. 370)
    • S.N.: Hirundo rustica
  80. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Horned Lark
    • Family: Alaudidae (Larks) (pg. 366)
    • S.N.: Eremophila alpestris
  81. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Blue-Gray Gnatcatcher
    • Family: Polioptilidae (Gnatcatchers and Gnatwrens) (pg. 388)
    • S.N.: Polioptila caerulea
  82. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Cedar Waxwing
    • Family: Bombycillidae (Waxwings) (pg. 416)
    • S.N.: Bombycilla cedrorum
  83. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Northern Parula
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 430)
    • S.N.: Setophaga americana
  84. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Yellow-Rumped Warbler
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 434)
    • S.N.: Setophaga coronata
  85. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: American Redstart
    • Family: Parulidae (Wood-Warblers) (pg. 444)
    • S.N.: Setophaga ruticilla
  86. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Scarlet Tanager
    • Family: Cardinalidae (Cardinals, Piranga Tanagers, and Allies) (pg. 488)
    • S.N.: Piranga olivacea
  87. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Summer Tanager
    • Family: Cardinalidae (Cardinals, Piranga Tanagers, and Allies) (pg. 488)
    • S.N.: Piranga rubra
  88. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: American Tree Sparrow
    • Family: Emberizidae (Emberizids- Spizella) (pg. 466)
    • S.N.: Spizella arborea
  89. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Field Sparrow
    • Family: Emberizidae (Emberizids- Spizella) (pg. 466)
    • S.N.: Spizella pusilla
  90. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Chipping Sparrow
    • Family: Emberizidae (Emberizids- Spizella) (pg. 468)
    • S.N.: Spizella passerina
  91. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: White-Throated Sparrow
    • Family: Emberizidae (Emberizids- Zonotrichia) (pg. 482)
    • S.N.: Zonotrichia albicollis
  92. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Dark-Eyed Junco
    • Family: Emberizidae (Emberizids- Juncos) (pg. 484)
    • S.N.: Junco hyemalis
  93. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Brown-Headed Cowbird
    • Family: Icteridae (Blackbirds- Cowbirds) (pg. 508)
    • S.N.: Molothrus ater
  94. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: Common Grackle
    • Family: Icteridae (Blackbirds- Grackles) (pg. 506)
    • S.N.: Quiscalus quiscula
  95. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: American Goldfinch
    • Family: Fringillidae (Fringilline and Cardueline Finches) (pg. 522)
    • S.N.: Spinus tristis
  96. Give this bird's common, family, and scientific (genus and species) names.
    • Common: House Sparrow
    • Family: Passeridae (Old World Sparrows) (pg. 528)
    • S.N.: Passer domesticus
  97. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Great Tinamou
    • Subclass: Palaeognathae (mostly flightless, cursorial birds)
    • Order: Tinamiformes (Timamous)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Reduced keel, but only order in Palaeognathae that can fly
    • * 4 toes (no reduction, unlike other specialized cursorial birds)
    • * Chicken-like bills
    • * Restricted to Central & South America
  98. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Ostrich
    • Subclass: Palaeognathae (mostly flightless, cursorial birds)
    • Order: Struthioniformes (1 of 4 orders of Ratites)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Largest bird in weight/height (up to 130 kg, 2.75 m)
    • * Fastest runner (up to 50 km/hr, 70 km/hr in straight sprint)
    • * Strong, muscular legs; reduced # of toes (2)
    • * Feathers cover whole body, not in tracts; neck and head not feathered
    • * Found only in Africa (except for introduced birds elsewhere)
  99. Name the subclass, characteristics, and the 4 orders of Ratites.
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Ratite is Latin for raft--refers to their flat breastbone, lacking a keel
    • * Flightless, cursorial birds
    • * Male has intromittent organ (penis)
    • * Feathers loose due to lack of hooks on barbules of feathers
    • Orders:
    • * Struthioniformes (Ostrich)
    • * Rheiformes (Rheas)
    • * Casuariiformes (Cassowaries & Emus)
    • ~ Dromaiidae (Emus)
    • ~ Casuariidae (Cassowaries)
    • * Apterygiformes (Kiwis)
  100. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Greater Rhea
    • Subclass: Palaeognathae (mostly flightless, cursorial birds)
    • Order: Rheiformes (Rheas)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Similar to Ostrich but found in South America and much smaller (weighs less than half as much)
    • * Feathered neck and head
    • * Longer wings than other ratites (strong claw on each wing)
    • * No rectrices; 3 toes only; good eyesight & hearing
  101. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Emu
    • Subclass: Palaeognathae (mostly flightless, cursorial birds)
    • Order: Casuariiformes (Cassowaries & Emus- Dromaiidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * 3 toes only
    • * Aftershaf present, almost as long as main feather
    • * Flat bill
    • * 2nd to Ostrich in size (length); found in Australia
  102. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Southern Cassowary
    • Subclass: Palaeognathae (mostly flightless, cursorial birds)
    • Order: Casuariiformes (Cassowaries & Emus- Casuariidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * 3 toes only; aftershafts present, almost as long as main feather; flat bill
    • * 2nd to Ostrich in weight
    • * Have casque or helmet--protuberance at top of head; lack rectrices
    • * Found in Australia and New Guinea
  103. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Brown Kiwi
    • Subclass: Palaeognathae (mostly flightless, cursorial birds)
    • Order: Apterygiformes (Kiwis)
    • Characteristics:
    • * No rectrices; no aftershafts present; hair-like feathers; HUGE eggs: 25% body weight
    • * Basically nocturnal; poor eyesight, good sense of hearing & smell
    • * 4 toes; long, down-curved, flexible bill; nostrils at tip, valves at base
    • * Found in New Zealand
  104. Give these birds' common names, their subclass, their order, and their order's characteristics.
    • Common: Barnacle & Canada Geese, Common Goldeneye
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Anseriformes (Swans, Geese, Ducks, Screamers- Anatidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Bill flat, wide, rounded at end w/ combed serrations at edges
    • * Legs short w/ 3 toes webbed
  105. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Southern Screamer
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Anseriformes (Swans, Geese, Ducks, Screamers- Anhimidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Head crested, hooked, chicken-like bill; heavy legs; partial webbing
    • * 2 spurs at bends in wing
  106. Name the subclass, characteristics, and the 2 families of Anseriformes.
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Aquatic/ semi-aquatic birds that swim and fly well
    • * Short-legged, long-necked; feathered oil-gland; precocial young
    • * Worldwide
    • * Webbed feet (partially webbed in screamers)
    • Families:
    • * Anatidae (Swans, Geese, and Ducks)
    • * Anhimidae (Screamers)
  107. Give these birds' common names, their subclass, their order, and their order's characteristics.
    • Common: Gambel's Quail; Willow Ptarmigan
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Galliformes (Grouse, Turkey, Quail, Ptarmigan, Pheasant, and Other Chicken-Like Birds)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Medium to large terrestrial species; strong legs, heavy feet
    • * Hind toe always present, often raised above ground
    • * Bill short, conical w/ curved culmen
    • * Large clutches, precocial young; often cryptically colored; large muscular gizzard
    • * Worldwide distribution
  108. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Common Loon
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Gaviiformes (Loons)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Duck-like aquatic birds--eat mostly fish, breed in fresh water, spend winter on ocean
    • * Legs far back on body--foot-propelled diving birds (like Podicipediformes)
    • * 3 front toes fully webbed; spear-shaped bills
    • * Plumage heavy & waterproof; long-lived, monogamous
    • * Males and females monomorphic; both with alternate and basic plumage
    • * Holarctic
  109. Give these birds' common names, their subclass, their order, and their order's characteristics.
    • Common: King Penguin; Fiordland-Crested Penguin
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Sphenisciformes (Penguins)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Flightless, but well-developed keel--marine diving birds; chunky
    • * Flattened wings w/ fused bones--can't be folded in a normal manner (flippers)
    • * Plumage dense & waterproof--feathers not in tracts; heavy layer of fat
    • * Webbed feet--far back on body, enables upright posture
    • * Southern Hemisphere
  110. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Red-Necked Grebe
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Podicipediformes (Grebes)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Aquatic, diving fish-eaters; foot-propelled diving birds
    • * Legs far back on body--facilitates swimming, makes walking on land difficult
    • * Tail reduced; dense, satiny plumage; feathers waterproof due to oily secretions
    • * Eat own feathers! The feathers trap fish bones which are digested or regurgitated
    • * Floating nests; carry young on backs
    • * Worldwide
  111. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Greater Flamingo
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Phoenicopteriformes (Flamingos)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Wading birds w/ very long legs and neck
    • * Bill unique--bent abruptly downward in middle; serrated edge; thick fleshy tongue
    • * Maxilla, or upper bill segment, moves; mandible (lower bill segments) is almost rigid
    • * Front toes webbed; produce "milk" like pigeon milk; more or less pink; clutch size =1
    • * Tropics, except Australia
  112. Give these birds' common names, their subclass, their order, and their order's characteristics.
    • Common: Wilson's Storm-Petrel, Black-Vented Shearwater
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Procellariiformes (Petrels, Shearwaters, Storm-Petrels, & Albatrosses)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Tube-nosed (tubular nostrils--tube on top of the bill) seabirds (many w/ long thin wings, held stiffly for soaring)
    • * Hooked bill
    • * Well-developed sense of smell; plumage dense, waterproof
    • * Gland for concentrating & extracting salt--in orbit
    • * 3 front toes webbed
    • * Single egg w/ long incubation period--long-lived
    • * All oceans--more common in southern hemisphere
  113. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Red-Billed Tropicbird
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Phaethontiformes (Tropicbirds)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Tropical, pelagic (open ocean) species
    • * Largely white; very long tails
    • * Plunge-diving fish-eaters; strong, stout bills
  114. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Marabou Stork
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Ciconiiformes (Storks- Ciconiidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Large, long-legged, long-necked; long, stout bills
    • * Serially monogamous
    • * Lack syrinx--mute; engage in bill clattering
    • * Employ thermal soaring, gliding flight
    • * Large, stick nests
  115. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Brown Pelican
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Pelecaniformes (Pelicans, Herons, Egrets, & Ibises- Pelecanidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Dive & scoop to get prey
    • * Very large gular pouch (some species cooperate--herd fish)
    • * Expandable pouch
    • * Webbed feet--totipalmate
  116. Name the subclass, characteristics, and the 3 families of Pelecaniformes.
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Diverse; medium to large aquatic birds; mostly fish-eaters
    • * Large bills--though vary in size and shape
    • * Most are colonial nesters
    • * Worldwide, more common in tropics
    • Families:
    • * Pelecanidae (Pelicans)
    • * Ardeidae (Herons, Bitterns, and Egrets)
    • * Threskiornithidae (Ibises & Spoonbills)
  117. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Little Blue Heron
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Pelecaniformes (Pelicans, Herons, Egrets, & Ibises- Ardeidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Largest family
    • * Specialized vertebrae: allow spearing, folding neck into "S"
    • * Long, spear-shaped bills (eat fish, frogs)
    • * Have powder down which aid in feather care
    • * Non-webbed feet
  118. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: White Ibis
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Pelecaniformes (Pelicans, Herons, Egrets, & Ibises- Threskiornithidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Grooved bills (Ibises--long, curved bills; Spoonbills--flat, spatulate bills)
    • * Non-webbed feet
  119. Give these birds' common names, their subclass, their order, and their order's characteristics.
    • Common: Red-Footed Booby, Anhinga
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Suliformes (Frigatebirds, Gannets, Boobies, Cormorants, & Anhingas)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Totipalmate--all 4 toes webbed
    • * Aquatic--primarily piscivorous
    • * Bare gular pouch (throat sac)
  120. Name the subclass, characteristics, and the 2 families of Suliformes.
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Totipalmate--all 4 toes webbed
    • * Aquatic--primarily piscivorous
    • * Bare gular pouch (throat sac)
    • Families:
    • * Sulidae (Gannets & Boobies)
    • * Phalacrocoracidae (Cormorants)
  121. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Brown Booby
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Suliformes (Frigatebirds, Gannets, Boobies Cormorants, & Anhingas- Sulidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Coastal seabirds
    • * Plunge-dive for fish
    • * Often colorful bare parts
    • * Long, narrow, pointed wings
  122. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Pelagic Cormorants
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Suliformes (Frigatebirds, Gannets, Boobies, Cormorants, & Anhingas- Phalacrocoracidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Pursue prey underwater; elongate body, neck tail
    • * Long, thin, tubular bill, strongly hooked
  123. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Bald Eagle
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Accipitriformes (Eagles, Hawks, & New World Vultures- Accipitridae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Wings broad & rounded; short necks
    • * Cere & eye-ring bare--often brightly colored
    • * Sharp, powerful talons
    • * Reversed sexual size dimorphism
    • * Excellent vision
  124. Name the subclass, characteristics, and 2 families of Accipitriformes.
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Sharp, pointed, heavily curved culmens
    • * Cosmopolitan distribution
    • * Carnivorous
    • Families:
    • * Accipitridae (Hawks & Eagles)
    • * Cathartidae (New World Vultures)
  125. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Black Vulture
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Accipitriformes (Eagles, Hawks, & New World Vultures- Cathartidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Large with long, broad wings // enjoy thermal soaring, gliding flight
    • * Carrion feeders
    • * Head & neck bare; lack syrinx
    • * Perforated nostrils
    • * Good sense of smell
  126. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order (Otidiformes/ Bustards), and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Great Bustard
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Otidiformes (Bustards)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Large, terrestrial species; omnivorous
    • * Inhabit dry, open areas; nest on ground; wary
    • * Many endangered due to habitat loss
    • * Old World only
    • * Strong legs with big toes; long, broad, "fingered" wings
  127. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order (Mesitornithiformes- Mesites), and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: White-Breasted Mesite
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Mesitornithiformes (Mesites)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Endemic to Madagascar; all 3 species are designated "vulnerable"
    • * Nearly flightless; ground feeders
    • * Pheasant-like in appearance though brownish with paler undersides
    • * Possess powder down
  128. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order (Cariamiformes- Seriemas), and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Red-Legged Seriema
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Cariamiformes (Seriemas)
    • Characteristics:
    • * So. America--only 2 species
    • * Long legs, necks, and tails, but short wings; somewhat like a small crane (~2.5 ft. in length)
    • * Ground foragers; run (rather than fly) from danger; inhabit open areas
    • * Brownish with short bills and erectile crests
    • * Have an extensible second claw that can be used to tear apart prey
  129. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order (Eurypygiformes- Kagu), and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Kagu
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Eurypygiformes (Kagu & Sunbittern- Rhinochetidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Endemic to New Caledonia; rare & endangered
    • * Terrestrial, nearly flightless
    • * Ash-gray and white with bright pink legs and bill; long crest used in displays
    • * Only bird species that possesses nasal corns (cover the nostrils)
    • * Only 1/3 number of red blood cells but 3X the amount of hemoglobin/rbc as other birds
  130. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order (Eurypygiformes- Sunbittern), and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Sunbittern
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Eurypygiformes (Kagu & Sunbittern- Eurypygidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Cent.-So. America
    • * Heron-like with relatively long legs and neck; hunts vertebrates along edges of streams
    • * Semi-precocial young
    • * Subdued, camouflaged plumage; concealed, flashy coloration on spread wings used for startle, threat, or courtship displays
  131. Name the subclass, characteristics, and 2 families of Eurypygiformes.
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Long legs and relatively long, pointed bills; medium-sized
    • * Possess powder down
    • * Elaborate wing displays
    • * Carnivorous
  132. Give these birds' common names, their subclass, their order, and their order's characteristics.
    • Common: Virginia Creeper, Sandhill Crane, & American Coot
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Gruiformes (Cranes, Rails, Coots, & Allies)
    • Characteristics:
    • * No crop; most with oil gland; primarily precocial young
    • * Very diverse--shared features of palate and skeleton
    • * Many aquatic; many shy, hard-to-see species
    • * Worldwide
  133. Give this bird's common name, its subclass, its order, and its order's characteristics.
    • Common: Sanderling
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Order: Charadriiformes (Plovers, Sandpipers, Gulls, Terns, Alcids, and Allies- Scolopacidae)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Wading birds with long slender bills
  134. Name the subclass, characteristics, and 4 families of the order Charadriiformes.
    • Subclass: Neognathae (everything else)
    • Families:
    • * Scolopacidae (Sandpipers)
    • * Charadriidae (Plovers)
    • * Laridae (Gulls & Terns)
    • * Alcidae (Puffins, Auks, Murres, & Guillemots)
    • Characteristics:
    • * Waders, swimmers, divers (all water birds or derived from water birds)
    • * All have distinct palate, syringeal muscles, and vertebral column)
    • * Worldwide
    • * Very diverse; many bear no outward resemblance to each other

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