Motivation - Chapter 1

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Author:
athorne
ID:
236655
Filename:
Motivation - Chapter 1
Updated:
2013-09-24 00:17:14
Tags:
psyc 385 motivation emotion
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Description:
Introduction to Motivation and Emotion
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  1. Motive
    an internal process that energizes and directs behaviour
  2. Needs
    conditions within the individual that are essential and necessary for the maintenance of life and for growth and well-being
  3. Cognitions
    mental events, such as beliefs, expectations, and self-concept that represent ways of thinking.
  4. Emotions
    • short-lived subjective-physiological-functional-expressive phenomena that organize feelings, physiology, purpose, and expression into a coherent response to an environmental conditions, such as a threat
    • allow us to anticipate and to react adaptively to the important events in our lives
  5. Feelings
    subjective, verbal descriptions of emotional experience
  6. Physiological preparedness
    how our body physically mobilizes itself to meet situational demands
  7. Function
    what specifically we want to accomplish at that moment
  8. Expression
    how we communicate our emotional experience publicly to others
  9. External events
    environmental incentives that energize and direct behaviour towards those events that signal positive consequences and away from those that signal aversive consequences.
  10. How do you infer (behavioural) motivation?
    • observe the behavioural manifestations
    • pay attentions to the antecedents known to bring about motivational states
  11. Eight Aspects of behaviour
    • attention
    • effort
    • latency
    • persistence
    • choice
    • probability of response
    • facial expressions
    • bodily gestures
  12. Engagement
    behavioural intensity, emotional quality, and personal investment in another person's involvement during an activity
  13. Behavioural Engagement
    the extent to which the person displays on-task attention, effort, and enduring persistence
  14. Emotioanl engagement
    the extent to which the person's activity is characterized by positive emotion, such as interest and enjoyment
  15. Cognitive engagement
    the extent to which the person actively monitors how well things are going and uses sophisticated learning and problem-solving strategies
  16. Voice
    the extent to which the person expresses the needs, preferences, and desires of the self and seeks to change one's environmental circumstances for the better.

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