Protein_Synthesis.txt

The flashcards below were created by user spaulding001 on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. Gene
    DNA segment that carries a blueprint forbuilding one protein
  2. RNA
    • Is essential for protein synthesis
    • DNA ---> RNA ---> Protein
  3. Role of Transfer RNA (tRNA)
    Transfers appropriate amino acids to the ribosome for building the protein
  4. Ribosomal RNA (rRNA)
    Helps form the ribosomes where proteins are built
  5. Messenger RNA (mRNA)
    Carries the instructions for building a protein from the nucleus to the ribosome
  6. Transcription
    •  Transfer of information from DNA’s base sequence to the complimentary base sequence of mRNA
    •  Three-base sequences on mRNA are called codons
    • DNA ---> mRNA
  7. Translation
    •  Base sequence of nucleic acid is translated to an amino acid sequence
    •  Amino acids are the building blocks of proteins
    • RNA ---> Protein
Author:
spaulding001
ID:
236823
Card Set:
Protein_Synthesis.txt
Updated:
2013-09-24 21:12:13
Tags:
DNA RNA Protein Synthesis Transcription
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Description:
Protein Synthesis Transcription and Translation
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