History: Chapter 16 The Progressive Era

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  1. Reform movements of the late 1800's that focused on Urban problems, the plight of workers, and corrupt political machines
  2. A term coined for journalists who "racked up" and exposed corruption and problems of society
  3. Wisconsin governor who pushed through an ambitious agenda of reforms that became known as the Wisconsin idea
    Robert M. La Follette
  4. Allowed direct election of U.S. senators
    17th Amendment
  5. What is an example of a Referendum?
    School Budget
  6. Allows citizens to vote on a proposed law or change
  7. A ban on alcohol that became a law in 1920; the ban was lifted in 1933
  8. Reform organization that led the fight against alcohol in the late 1800's
    Women's Christian Temperance Union
  9. headed the WCTU from 1879-1898
    Frances Willard
  10. Amendment that out-lawed the production and sale of alcoholic beverages in the U.S. (replaced in 1933)
    18th Amendement
  11. Theodore Roosevelt's 1904 campaign, slogan; expressed his belief that the needs of workers, business, and consumers should be balanced.
    The Square Deal
  12. a term that referred to President Theodore Roosevelt's policy of prosecuting monopolies, or "trusts,"
  13. Exposed the wretched and unsanitary conditions at meat packing plants
    Upton Sinclair
  14. Law that required gov. inspection of meat shipped all across state lines
    Meat Inspection Act
  15. Law that forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of food and patent medicines containing harmful ingredients and required that their containers carry ingredient labels
    Pure Food and Drug Act
  16. Law that allowed congress to levy taxes based on an individuals income
    16th Amendment
  17. Woodrow Wilson's plan of reform which called for tariff reductions, banking reform, and stronger anti trust legislation.
    New Freedom
  18. Feminist, suffragist, and politic strategist
    Alice Paul
  19. Gave women right to vote
    19th Amendment
  20. List 3 problems caused by Industrialization that led to the Progressive Era
    • Huge gap between rich and poor
    • Economic and political power of the rich
    • Little concern for blacks and women
  21. Name four muckrackers during the Gilded Age and the topics they investigated
    • Ida Tarbell
    • Upton Sinclair
    • Lincoln Steffens
    • Jacob Riis
  22. Condemned the Standard Oil Company
    Ida Tarbell
  23. Exposed corruption of the city government
    Lincoln Steffens
  24. Wrote How the Other Half Lives
    Investigated poverty in the cities
    Jacob Riis
  25. What was the impact of Upton Sinclair's novel The Jungle?
    • Pure Food and Drug Act
    • Meat Inspection Act
  26. What were the working conditions like for factory workers?
    • Low Pay
    • long hours
    • unsanitary
    • hazardous
  27. Why were many laborers women, children, and immigrants?
    It was cheap labor and an easier job for them to be employed in
  28. What impact did the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire have on changes in the workplace?
    • Clearly marked exits
    • Fire Alarms
    • Fire Escapes
    • Outward Opening doors
  29. Why did labor unions form?
    Due to horrible working conditions
  30. What was the goal of the labor unions?
    • To pressure employers:
    • to make changes in the workplace
    • to pay reasonable wages
  31. What was the first labor union?
    Knights of Labor
  32. What population did the Knights of Labor represent?
    Unskilled Workers
  33. Who formed the American Federation of Labor?
    Samuel Gombers
  34. What population did the American Federation of Labor represent?
    Skilled Workers
  35. Group who worked in factories...
    Unskilled Workers
  36. Group that worked as doctors, lawyers, ...etc..
    Skilled Workers
  37. What are the goal of ALL unions?
    • Better pay
    • Standard work day/week
    • Better hours
    • Safer working conditions
    • benefits
    • Job protections
  38. How did the unions achieve their goals?
    Collective bargaining
  39. Why are labor unions considered negative?
    Most negotiations are held by political influence
  40. Describe the tenement buildings located in the cities
    • Multiple families in 1 room apartment
    • No indoor plumbing
    • No electricity
    • Unsanitary
  41. Lighting in the hallways and 1 bathroom for 2 families
    Tenement Act of 1901
  42. Why were progressive women at the forefront of the prohibition movement?
    They believed drinking was a direct cause of poverty, crime and violence
  43. Which two organizations lobbied for a prohibition amendment?
    • Women's Christian Temperance Union
    • Anti Saloon League
  44. Why did the 18th Amendment cause more problems than it fixed?
    Speakeasies emerge and there is a rise of organized crime
  45. Secret clubs for alcohol
  46. What role did Al Capone play during the Prohibition?
    He was a mob boss in Chicago who bootlegged.
  47. What was Al Capone finally convicted of?
    Tax Evasion
  48. Which amendment repealed the 18th amendment
    21st Amendment
  49. Why was the prohibition unsuccessful?
    • Rise of organized crime
    • People still drank
    • Caused more problems
  50. What types of corruption in the Gov. existed during the Gilded Age?
    • Spoils System
    • Election Fraud
  51. In what ways were elections often corrupt?
    • Politicians would:
    • Buy votes
    • Throw parties
    • Intimidate voters
  52. A political party that controls all aspects of a city
    Political Machines
  53. Explain Thomas Nast's role in bringing down Boss Tweed
    Thomas Nast draws a picture of Boss Tweed and exposes the corruption of him and Tweed is arrested
  54. When and Where did the women's rights movement in the U.S. begin?
    1848 Seneca Falls
  55. This suffragist tried to vote in New York in 1872 and was arrested
    Susan B. Anthony
  56. WHEN was NAWSA created?
  57. WHY was NAWSA created?
    To help pass women's suffrage at the state level
  58. Why did men not want women gaining their right to vote?
    • Voting would interfere with a woman's home duties
    • Women didn't have an education
  59. Two militant suffragists who broke away from NAWSA and formed NWP
    Alice Paul and Lucy Burns
  60. How did Lucy and Alice's tactics differ from NAWSA's tactics?
    • They used:
    • Picketing
    • Hunger Strikes
    • Parades
    • Protesting
    • and they wanted a constitutional amendment
  61. What events led to Teddy Roosevelt becoming president in 1901?
    The assassination of President Mckinley
  62. What was Theodore Roosevelt's campaign platform?
    Square Deal
  63. What did the "Square Deal" mean?
    • Protection of consumer's health
    • (Trust busting) Elimination of big businesses
    • Workplace improvement
  64. Helped regulate the railroads
    Elkins and Hepburn Acts
  65. Why did Teddy Roosevelt Trust-Bust?
    • Filed Anti-Trust Suits
    • Strengthened ICC
    • Consumer Protection Laws
  66. What technique did Roosevelt use in the Pennsylvania United Mine Workers strike?
  67. Why was the Arbitration strike unlike any which preceded it?
    It was the first time the Federal Government intervened in a strike to protect workers
  68. What did Teddy Roosevelt do for conservation?
    Withdrew Public Land from sale
  69. Allowed the Federal Government to build irrigation prospects to make farms
    Newlands Reclamation Act
  70. List the 4 candidates and their political party of the election of 1912
    • Howard Taft = Republican
    • Theodore Roosevelt = Bull Moose
    • Woodrow Wilson = Democrat
    • Eugene U. Debs = Socialist
  71. Who formed the Bull Moose party and why?
    Teddy Roosevelt because the Republican party had renominated Taft as President Candidate and he was angered at Taft's lack of reform
  72. What was Wilson's Party platform?
    New Freedom
  73. Who won the election of 1912?
    Woodrow Wilson
  74. How did the Clayton Antitrust act strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act?
    It enforced anti-trust laws and prevented the unlawful suppression of competition.
  75. Which of Wilson's labor reforms targeted child labor?
    Keating-Owen Labor Act
  76. Limited the work hours of children and forbade the interstate sale of goods produced by child labor
    Keating-Owen Child Labor Act
  77. What was Robert Lafollette's goal?
    To end political corruption
  78. How did the secret ballot eliminate corruption and fraud?
    People could vote privately and it eliminated voter intimidation
  79. What group did the Progressives neglect in their reform movement?
    The rights of African Americans
  80. *What is the Legacy of the Progressive Movement?:
    • Workplace regulations-especially because of the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory Fire
    • Consumer Health laws are passed such as the Meat Inspection Act and Pure Food and Drug Act
    • The Pennsylvania Coal Miner Strike gave a 10% raise to employees and a 9 hour work day. (American Federation of Labor)
  81. *What is the Legacy of the Progressive Movement?:
    • Voting Reforms- secret ballot, citizens have a more direct role in the government (17th amendment)
    • 19th Amendment
    • Boss Tweed being brought down by Thomas Nast
  82. *What is the Legacy of the Progressive Movement?:
Card Set:
History: Chapter 16 The Progressive Era
2013-12-02 21:24:45
progressive era vocabulary vocab history phelan jun
This is the first set of vocab words even though it says Unit 3
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