Chemistry junk 2

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Author:
BokaliMali
ID:
236886
Filename:
Chemistry junk 2
Updated:
2013-09-24 20:40:01
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chemistry OVCMT
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Table handout AP
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  1. Composition of molecules of Carbohydrates
    • Carbon, Oxygen, Hydrogen
    • Rings
  2. Monomers of Carbohydrates
    • glucose
    • fructose
    • galactose
  3. Polymers of carbohydrates
    • Disaccharides: Sucrose, maltose, lactose
    • animals: Glycogen
    • plants: starch
    • cellulose fiber
  4. functions of carbohydrates
    • Glucose in blood for quick, available energy
    • Disaccharides in fruits, milk and malt barley
    • Polysaccharide starch as energy source in plants
    • Cellulose of cell walls in plants provide fibre
  5. Composition of molecules of Lipids
    • Carbon, hydrogen, less oxygen than carbohydrates
    • Hydrophobic
    • chains or rings
  6. Monomers of lipids
    • Glycerol
    • Fatty acids for triglycerides
  7. polymers of lipids
    • triglycerides
    • phospholipids
    • lipoproteins
    • cholesterol/steroid
    • fat soluble vitamins
  8. functions of lipids
    • triglyceride for energy storage in adipose tissue
    • phospholipids in membranes
    • cholesterol for strengthening cel membranes
    • lipoproteins for transport
  9. composition of molecules of protein
    • carbon, hydrogen, oxygen and nitrogen
    • chains
  10. monomers of proteins
    amino acids
  11. polymers of proteins
    • polypeptides
    • proteins
    • enzymes
  12. functions of proteins
    • structural proteins
    • hormones
    • neurotransmitters
    • cytoskeleton of cells
    • membrane proteins
    • enzymes
  13. composition of molecules of nucleic acids
    cardon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorous chains
  14. monomers of nucleic acids
    • nucleotides: cytosine, guanine, adenine, thymine (DNA) uracil (RNA)
    • ATP
    • ADP
  15. polymers of nucleic acids
    • DNA
    • RNA
  16. functions of nucleic acids
    • Genetic information associated with chromosomes
    • protein synthesis
    • ATP for energy

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