A&P Test Chapter 1-6

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A&P Test Chapter 1-6
2013-09-24 22:15:31
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Study Guide for A&P chapter 1-6
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  1. This is the study of the functions of the body structures.
  2. Using your fingers to find your pulse on your wrist is an example of
  3. This is the sum of all chemical processes that occur in the body.
  4. This is the condition of equilibrium (balance) in the body's internal environment.
  5. The Composition of this body fluid, which fills the narrow spaces between cells and tissues, directly affects the proper functioning of cells
    Interstitial Fluid
  6. This is the structure of a feedback system that receives output from the control center.
  7. This is the structure of a feedback system that provides input to the control center.
  8. A condition NOT regulated by negative feedback loop would be:
  9. Objective changes in a patient's normal body function that can be directly observed or measured by a clinician are referred to as
  10. Then Brain is located in the
    Cranial Cavity
  11. The Lungs are located in the
    Pleural Cavity
  12. The stomach is located in the:
    Abdominal Cavity
  13. The function of the secretions of a serous membrane, like the pleura, is to:
    reduce friction between neighboring organs
  14. The plane divides the body into equal right and left halves:
  15. The plane divides the body into anterior and posterior portions
  16. This directional term means farther from the attachment of a limb to the trunk or farther from the origination of a structure
  17. This directional term is the opposite of deep
  18. Choose the directional term that would make the following sentence correct. the Heart is ____ to the liver?
  19. Choose the directional term that would make the following sentence correct. The Sternum is ____ to the heart?
  20. This serous membrane cover the viscera within the abdominal cavity, and lines the abdominal wall and the inferior surface of the diaphragm.
  21. What are the four major elements found in the chemicals that comprise the human body?
    Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen, and Nitrogen
  22. The three types of subatomic particles that are important for understanding chemical reactions in the human body are.
    Protons, Neutrons, and Electrons
  23. Which of the following subatomic particles has a neutral charge?
  24. What region of an atom contains the protons and neutrons?
  25. The Number of protons in an atom is represented by an elements
    Atomic Number
  26. A chemical that can conduct electrical when dissolved in water is called an?
  27. This type of chemical bond involves the sharing of valence electrons between two atoms?
  28. What are the three main parts of a eukaryotic cell?
    Plasma membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus
  29. The three main components of the lipid bilayer portion of a plasma membrane are
    Phospholipids, Cholesterol, and Glycolipids
  30. What are the nonpolar parts of phospholipids
    Fatty acid tail groups
  31. The polar portion of a cholesterol molecule, which forms hydrogen bonds with the polar heads of neighboring phospholipids and glycolipids, consist of a
    -OH group
  32. This type of membrane protein extends across the entire lipid bilayer of the plasma membrane touching both intracellular fluid and the extracellular fluid.
    Transmembrane Protein
  33. This type of membrane protein enables cells to catalyze chemical reactions at the inner or outer surface of their plasma membrane.
  34. Which of the following types of membrane proteins functions by recognizing and binding to hormones and neurotransmitters?
  35. This type of membrane protein anchors cells to the neighboring cells and to protein filaments found outside or inside the cell.
  36. Plasma membrane _____ , which means that some chemicals move easily through plasma membrane while other chemicals do not.
    Selectively Permeable
  37. Which of the following does not influence the rate of diffusion of a chemical across a plasma membrane?
    Amount of ATP available
  38. This is a measure of a solution's ability to change the volume of cells by altering their water content.
  39. This is the transport process by which gases, like O2 and CO2, move through a membrane.
    Simple diffusion
  40. In this type of transport process, a solute (e.g. glucose) binds to a specific carrier protein on one side of the membrane. this binding induces a conformational change in the carrier protein that results int the solute moving down its concentration gradient to the other side of the membrane.
    Facilitated Diffusion
  41. In the transport process, the energy from hydrolysis of ATP is used to drive substances across the membrane against their own concentration gradients.
    Primary active transport
  42. If the solute concentration is greater inside of the cell then outside the cell, water will move by osmosis.
    Into the cell
  43. What transport process uses the energy stored in a Na+ or H+ concentrations gradient to drive other substance across the membrane against their own concentration gradient.
    Secondary Active Transport
  44. Which of the following transport processes uses vesicles that fuse with the plasma membrane to secret materials into the extracellular fluid?
  45. Which of the following transport process uses vesicles formed at the plasma membrane to take up extracellular substances and import them into the cell?
  46. During Phagocytosis, binding of a particle to a plasma membrane receptor triggers formation of _____, which are extensions of the plasma membrane of the phagocyte that eventually surround the particle forming a phagosome
  47. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the cytosol?
    Cation of electron transport chain carrier proteins
  48. Specialized structures within a cell that have a characteristic shape and perform specific functions in cellular growth, membrane and reproduction are called
  49. Microfilaments, intermediate filaments and microtubules are all components of a cell's
  50. This Cellular organelle is comprised of a pair of centrioles and the surrounding pericentriolar material.