Horse Production Test 1-Hoof Anatomy

Card Set Information

Author:
Anonymous
ID:
236936
Filename:
Horse Production Test 1-Hoof Anatomy
Updated:
2013-09-24 23:46:37
Tags:
hoof anatomy
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Description:
horse production 1
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  1. front feet are ideally:
    wide and rounded
  2. hind feet are ideally:
    longer and more pointed for traction and use of the hind end
  3. foot health dictates
    how a horse moves
  4. Hooves provide:
    • protection
    • support
    • concussion (absorb shock)
  5. Common gaits:
    • walk
    • trot
    • lope/canter
    • gallop
    • back
  6. Walk
    • 4-beat gait
    • no suspension
    • slowest gait
    • one foot off the ground at all times
    • lateral movement
  7. Trot
    • diagonal movement
    • 2-beat gait
    • weight more even on all 4s
    • two foot base of support
    • possible suspension when switching bases
    • most efficient gait
  8. Lope/Canter
    • 3 beat gait
    • leading foot sequence
    • base of support is 1 to 2 to 1
    • slight period of suspension
  9. Gallop
    • 4 beat gait
    • base of support 1 to 1 to 1 to 1
    • period of suspension
    • fastest gait
    • similar sequence to lope
  10. Back Up
    • 2 beat gait
    • diagonal movement like trot
    • diagonal support
    • weight put on hind end
  11. Gait Cycle:
    • Initial Contact
    • Impact phase
    • Loading phase
    • Swing phase
  12. stride length:
    from when the leg hits the ground to when it hits again
  13. initial contact:
    • when the foot hits the ground
    • usually heel first
  14. impact:
    • where the leg is starting to rotate over
    • toe hits the ground and weight starts coming down
  15. loading:
    weight continues to come down
  16. swing:
    leg moves
  17. break-over:
    heel comes up and the toe pivots or breaks down
  18. ideal flexion when galloping:
    loading stage-mid stance
  19. how much do hooves grow per month
    1/4" to 3/8" per month
  20. trimming is needed:
    • every 4 to 8 weeks
    • 6 weeks is recommended
  21. Laminitis:
    caused by lack of blood in the Laminae
  22. Laminae:
    connects the coffin bone to the hoof wall
  23. Hot Nail:
    • nail goes into the laminae instead of the hoof wall
    • causes infection & lameness
    • nail is extremely hot when removed

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