a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usually involving the idea that ones own race is superior and has the right to rule others
how social phenomena or objects of consciousness develop in social contexts. we focus on somethings dependence when talking about a social construction
accepted knowledge that the character and quality of people varied according largely to their birth, color, race and origin of ethnic types. Impacted every aspect of life.. including economics and taxation.
to impose a racial interpretation on; place in a racial context.
racial formation theory
Michael Omi and Howard Winant. used to look at race as a socially constructed identity, where the content and importance of racial categories is determined by social, economic and political forced
the establishment, exploitation, maintenance, acquisition and expansion of colonies in one territory by people from another territory
What are the 3 Gs
God gold and glory
written declaration of sovereignty and war, read by spanish military forces to assert their sovereignty over the Americans
the quality or state of being white
refers to the set of societal privileges that white people are argued to benefit from beyond those commonly experienced by people of color in the same social, political, or economic spaces
social theory which argues that men have unearned social, economic, and political advantages or rights that are granted to them solely on the basis of their sex, and which are usually denied to women.
assets that may provide resources for social and economic mobility
possessive investment of whiteness
the belief among young whites that racist things happened in the distant past and that it is unfair to hold contemporary whites accountable for them illuminates broader currents in our culture
traces its roots back to European and Mediterranean classical antiquity.
any of a class of insoluble pigments, found in all forms of animal life, that account for the dark color of skin, hair, fur, scales, feathers, etc.
the attitudes of blacks towards whites
dawes act of 1887
adopted by congress in 1887, to survey Indian tribal land and divide it into allotments for individual indians. was to stimulate assimilation of Indians into American society.
stated that the further efforts by European nations to colonize land or interfere with states in north or south american would be viewed as acts of aggression, requiring US intervention. United states would neither interfere with existing European colonies nor meddle win the internal concerns of European countries.
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
treaty of peace, friendship, limits and settlement between the USA and the Mexican Republic.
widely held belief that American settlers were destined to expand across the continent.
1. the special virtues of the American people and their institutions
2. Americas mission to redeem and remake the world in the image of america
3. a divine destiny under gods direction to accomplish this wonderful task
the study of or belief in the possibility of improving the qualities of the human species or a human population, especially by such means as discouraging reproduction by persons having genetic defects or presumed to have inheritable undesirable traits or encouraging reproduction by persons presumed to have inheritable desirable traits
Chinese Exclusion act of 1882
prohibits all immigration of chinese laborers.
series of laws and diplomatic agreements for the importation of temporary contract laborers from Mexico to the United States
an intellectual movement born in the 1960s inside the monthly review commentary.
a belief derived from religious conviction that the human condition is defined as a choice between good and evil and that the true measure of political character is to be found in the willingness by the former to confront the latter.
the belief that an individual should be recognized by what makes them, and them only unique or different from the rest of the population. The belief that your independence, who you are, and your viewpoints should represent you, instead of you culture, family, government.
urban renewal program
program of land redevelopment in areas of moderate to high density urban land use.
federal housing administration
a governmental agency created in 1934 to help homeowners fin ace the purchase and repair of their homes and to stimulate housing construction
The home owners loan corporation
purpose was to refinance home mortgages currently in default to prevent foreclosure. 1933. president franklin roosevelt.
Environmental Protection Agency
created for the purpose of protecting human health and the environment by writing and enforcing regulations based on laws passed by congress.
1862 homestead acts
gave an applicant ownership of land, typically called by "homestead" at little or no cost. in the US this originally consisted of grants totaling 160 acres of unappropriated federal land within the boundaries of the public land states. anyone who had never taken up arms against the US government, was 21 or older, or the head of the family, could file an application to claim a federal land grant.
a right, immunity, or benefit enjoyed only by a person beyond the advantages of most
an organized, establishment, foundation, society, or the like, devoted to the promotion of a particular cause or program, especially one of a public, educational, or charitable character
the body of doctrine myth, belief, that guides an individual, social movement, institution, class, or large group.
the state or relation of being different: dissimilar
capitalism as a system
economic system. capital assets are privately owned and goods and services are produced for profit in a market economy.
Capitalism and process of
class process is the social relationship founded upon voluntary wage labor. one of many ways surplus labor is appropriated and disturbed
matrix of domination
sociological paradigm that explains issues of oppression that deal with race, class, and gender,which, though recognized as different social classifications, are all interconnected.
de facto segregation
segregation that happens in fact although not required by law
de jure segregation
segregation that is imposed by law
psychological strategies brought into play by the unconscious mind to manipulate, deny or distort reality, to defend against feelings of anxiety and unacceptable impulses to maintain ones self schema.