ap lit lit terms

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aronlaszik
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ap lit lit terms
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2013-09-25 02:20:55
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lit terms ap lit
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  1. Abstract/Concrete
    • :
    •  classifications of imagery.
  2. Adage
    • :
    •  a familiar proverb or saying.
  3. Allegory
    • :
    •  a literary work in which characters, objects, or actions,
    • represent abstractions.
  4. Alliteration
    • :
    •  the repetition of initial sounds in successive
    • or neighboring words.
  5. Allusion
    • :
    •  a reference to something literary,
    • mythological, or historical that the author assumes the reader will recognize.
  6. Ambiguity
    • :
    •  purposeful multiple meanings, as in pun and
    • double entendre.
  7. Anachronism
    • :
    •  an event object, custom, person, or thing that is out of its
    • natural order in time
  8. Anacoluthon
    • :
    •  breaking off a sentence using “…”
  9. Analogy
    • :
    •  a comparison of two different things that are similar in
    • some way.
  10. Anaphora
    • :
    •  the repetition of words or phrases at the
    • beginning of consecutive lines or sentences.
  11. Anecdote
    • :
    •  a brief narrative that focuses on a particular incident or
    • event.
  12. Antagonist
    • :
    •  person or force working against the
    • protagonist.
  13. Antecedent
    • :
    •  the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers.
  14. Anthropomorphism
    • :
    •  an animal that takes on human characteristics
    • (walking, talking, etc.)
  15. Antihero
    • :
    •  a central character or protagonist that lacks
    • traditional qualities or virtues
  16. Antithesis
    • :
    •  a statement in which two opposing or contrasting ideas are
    • balanced.
  17. Apostrophe
    • :
    •  a device used wherein a character addresses a dead, absent,
    • or imaginary person, thing or personified abstraction
  18. Archetype
    • :
    •  a detail, image, or character type that occurs frequently in
    • literature and myth and is thought to be considered universal
  19. Argument
    • :
    •  a statement of the meaning of meaning or main
    • point of a literary work.
  20. Aside
    • :
    •  in drama, a convention by which actors speak briefly to the
    • audience, supposedly without being heard by the other actors on stage
  21. Assonance
    • :
    •  repetition of a vowel sound.
  22. Asyndeton
    • :
    •  a construction in which elements are presented in a series
    • without conjunctions.
  23. Atmosphere
    • :
    •  effect of physical environment; the pervasive
    • mood or tone
  24. Ballad
    • :
    •  a form of narrative poetry that presents a
    • single dramatic episode.  Folk ballads
    • were originally sung or recited.  Ballads
    • are song-like and often have refrains.
  25. Ballad Stanza
    • :
    •  a patterned stanza in a ballad
  26. Bathos
    • :
    •  insincere or overly sentimental quality of
    • writing/speech intended to evoke pity.
  27. Bildungsroman
    • :
    •   German term meaning “development novel”; the
    • protagonist may or may not be young, but will go through a maturation process
    • from innocence/naiveté to a point of realization
  28. Blank Verse:
    • unrhymed
    • iambic pentameter.
  29. Cacophony
    • :  sonic
    • device, the use of harsh and displeasing sounds. The opposite of euphony.
  30. Cadence
    • : in a general sense, the
    • beat or rhythm of poetry
  31. Canon
    • :  the collective works of a particular author,
    • or a collective core of representative works in a genre
  32. Canto
    • :   like a chapter in a novel, a division in
    • a long epic or narrative poem
  33. Caricature
    • :  the exaggeration of specific features of
    • appearance or personality
  34. Carpe diem
    • :  Latin for “seize the day”.  This is used to emphasize the brevity of life
    • and the finality of death.
  35. Catharsis
    • :  an outpouring of emotions, a
    • “cleansing.”  Aristotle said tragedy
    • provided the audience with the opportunity to purge the emotions of pity and
    • fear
  36. Caesura
    • :  a pause in a line of poetry resulting from a
    • pause in the natural rhythm of the language and not necessarily indicated by
    • punctuation
  37. Central Idea
    • :
    •  core of a writer’s assertion.
  38. Character
    :  a fictional entity in a literary work
  39. Dynamic character
    • :  one that has a significant change in the
    • story
  40. Round character
    • :  a well-developed
    • character
  41. Static character
    • :   one that stays
    • the same throughout the story
  42. Flat character
    • :   a character
    • that is not fully developed
  43. Characterization
    • :  the method by which an author creates the
    • appearance and personality of imaginary persons and reveals their
    • character.  Considerations for the
    • development of a character are direct
    • description, the character’s actions,], and external events or other characters
    • that affect the character’s “inner-self.”
  44. Chiasmus
    • :
    •  a statement consisting of two parallel parts
    • in which the second part is structurally reversed. (“Susan walked in, and out
    • rushed Mary.”)
  45. Cliché
    • :  an
    • expression that has been overly used to the extent that it’s freshness has worn
    • off.
  46. Climax
    • :  the
    • point of highest interest in a literary work.
  47. Colloquialism
    • :  informal
    • words or expressions not usually acceptable in formal writing.
  48. Comedy
    • :
    •  literary genre in which the situation begins
    • badly, progresses well and the hero triumphs.
  49. Comic Relief
    • :
    •  a way to lighten a narrative. Adding humor to
    • the story.
  50. Conceit
    • :
    •  a “startling” extended metaphor., comparing
    • two vastly different things

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