Horse Production Test 1-Hooves

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Author:
Anonymous
ID:
236969
Filename:
Horse Production Test 1-Hooves
Updated:
2013-09-25 08:15:39
Tags:
hooves
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Description:
horse production test 1
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  1. front feet should be shaped:
    wide & rounded
  2. hind feet should be shaped:
    longer and more pointed for traction and use of hind end
  3. hoof health dictates
    how a horse moves
  4. hooves provide
    • protection
    • support
    • concussion (absorb shock)
  5. common gaits:
    • walk
    • trot
    • lope/canter
    • gallop
    • back
  6. walk:
    • 4 beat gait
    • lateral movement
    • no suspension
    • slowest gait
    • triangular base of support
  7. trot:
    • 2 beat gait
    • diagonal movement
    • two foot base of support
    • possible suspension when switching bases
    • most efficient way to cover ground
  8. lope/canter:
    • 3 beat gait
    • base of support is 1 to 2 to 1
    • slight period of suspension
    • leading foot sequence
  9. gallop:
    • 4 beat gait
    • similar sequence to lope
    • fastest gait
    • has suspension
    • base of support is 1 to 1 to 1 to 1
  10. back:
    • 2 beat gait
    • diagonal movement
    • diagonal pairs as base of support
  11. what is stride length?
    the distance from when the leg hits the ground to when it hits again
  12. gait cycle:
    • initial contact
    • impact
    • loading
    • swing
  13. initial contact:
    • when foot hits the ground
    • usually heel first
  14. impact:
    • where the leg is starting to rotate over
    • toe hits the ground and weight starts coming down
  15. break over:
    heel comes up and toe pivots or breaks down
  16. swing:
    the leg moves
  17. how much do hooves grown in a month?
    I/4" to 3/8" of an inch
  18. how often should horses be trimmed?
    • every 4 to 8 weeks
    • usually 6 weeks
  19. Laminitis
    caused by lack of blood to the laminae
  20. What does the laminae do?
    connects the coffin bone to the hoot wall
  21. Hot Nail:
    • when the nail goes into the laminae instead of the hoof wall
    • causes infection and lameness
    • nail is hot when removed

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