Introduction to social problems

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Introduction to social problems
2013-09-25 10:41:06
sociology exam

sociology social problems
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  1. social imagination
    how look at social world, broad pic piecing together society and individual (culture, geography, history, etc) rather than from personal view
  2. personal troubles vs public issues
    • personal trouble - child gets abused
    • public issue - media finds out and make it public affair of dangers that could happen to kids, gov gets involved
  3. who defines social problem
    usually cause harm or issue and are labeled by wealthy and powerful BUT affect everyone in society in/directly
  4. what constitutes a social problem
    widely documented and related to social institution
  5. social institutions
    • Government 
    • Religion
    • Economy
    • Education 
    • Family 

  6. objectives when defining social problems
    • hard to clearly define problem
    • overlap with other issues
    • subjectivity vs objectivity
  7. subjective awareness
    • wrong, bad, harmful = debatable
    • solutions may not be solution to everyone
  8. objective reality
    ie hook up culture on the rise or more people talking about it?
  9. subjective awareness vs objective reality
    • sense of problem before actual facts
    • your perception might skew overall picture
  10. change of problems across culture and time
    certain problems change over time or may be differently valued/viewed in different cultures
  11. value free sociology
    who am i
  12. reflexivity
    how are my biases affecting my potential to influence research
  13. ways to solve problem
    • fight status quot (motivation)
    • long vs short term
    • preventative vs after interventions (can't measure preventative)
  14. demographic white and black
    • 77% white 
    • 13% african american
  15. approaches to social problems
    • micro level
    • mid range
    • macro level
  16. limitations to micro mid and macro
    • micro - affect few people 
    • mid effective on community level, can lack funding, still not a lot of people
    • macro range - lack of representation, inefficiency, different political view points
  17. Micro level
    • 1-1 help 
    • ie family, friends, other individuals
  18. Mid range
    corporations, non profit organizations, grass root organization

    *effective on community level, you know you best so hit problem better, faster than macro level
  19. Macro level
    state, fed policy
  20. 8 step policy analysis
    • 1. Define problem
    • 2. Assemble evidence
    • 3. Consider courses of action (don't assume yours is best or only option)
    • 4. Establish Criteria (how do I evaluate the above)
    • 5. Project your outcomes
    • 6. Confront the trade off
    • 7. Decide
    • 8. Tell your story (know your audience)
  21. Structural Functionalism
    • If it exists in society, it serves as a necessary and positive function. Society is stable! 
    • Manifest function
    • Latent function

    • Dysfunction
    • social disorganisation

    ** like midrange
  22. Manifest function

    I went to wake tech to get an education
  23. Latent function
    unintentional function

    I went to wake tech to get an education BUT I made friends
  24. Dysfunctional
    undesirable consequences
  25. Social disorganization
    communal relationships (church, local gov, family, school) reinforce positive behavior, break in this causes the opposite
  26. Critical/Conflict Theory
    inequality (among social classes) is the chief source of conflict and social change. emphasize macro level, look at how we can change the system and look at oppression of disadvantaged group 

    • bourgeoisie
    • proletariat
    • hegemony
  27. hegemony
    people use their power to stay in power (congress)
  28. bourgeoisie
    benefit from status quot
  29. proletariat
    benefit from social change (working class)
  30. Symbiotic Interaction
    • investigate the shared understanding of social situations, symbols, and actions
    • analyse how people make sense of their daily lives and look at whole "web"
    • micro level approach
  31. Thomas theorem
    what we define is real in its consequences