Eukaryotic Cell Structure

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melissag94
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236987
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Eukaryotic Cell Structure
Updated:
2013-10-03 13:40:01
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BIO 100 exam
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  1. what do pores provide?
    ways of communication between nucleus and outside
  2. shape of nucleus?
    sphereical shape
  3. what cuts off the nucleus from cytoplasm?
    nuclear envelope
  4. nuclear envelope?
    made of 2 membranes that surround the nucleus
  5. where are ribosomes made?
    nucleolus
  6. rough ER?
    has ribsomes on it
  7. smooth ER?
    no ribosmes
  8. prokaryotes cant do ?
    compartmentalization
  9. rough ER is involved in?
    protein synthesis
  10. ER functions?
    • compartmentalization
    • protein synthesis
    • lipid synthesis
    • intracellular transportation
  11. what is the smooth ER involved in?
    lipid synthesis
  12. make something in one part of cell and transport to other part of cell
    intracellular transport
  13. what is an example of a major organelle?
    endoplasmic reticulum
  14. a stack of flattened membrane bound sacks
    Golgi complex
  15. what happens with the material delivered to the Golgi body?
    it ends up in a tiny vesicle, sometimes it stays in cells, or it will migrate outside of cell
  16. when material migrates out side of the Golgi body/
    secretion
  17. golgi functions?
    packing- secretion, processing
  18. golgi makes these single membrane bound vesicles
    lysosomes
  19. lysosomes contain?
    digestive enzymes
  20. digestive enzymes from the lysosomes stay inside of the ?
    membrane
  21. single membrane bound organelle that regulates cell water content
    vacuole
  22. what organelle is found in all cells?
    vacuole
  23. a vacuole is especially prominent in what kind of cells?
    plant
  24. plant cells?
    chloroplast
  25. chloroplasts have how many membranes?
    2
  26. an elaborate system of membrane stacks located in the chloroplast?
    granum
  27. fluid in chloroplast?
    stroma
  28. what can be found in the stroma?
    ribosomes and DNA
  29. plant cells have ____ and ____, animal cells only have ______
    • chloroplasts
    • mitochondria
    • mitochondria
  30. mitochondria has how many membranes?
    2
  31. inner membrane of mitochondria has?
    cristae
  32. cristae protrude into the ____ in the mitochondria
    matrix
  33. what can be found in the matrix
    dna and ribosomes
  34. your mitochondria comes from your
    mother
  35. mitochondria produces?
    ATP
  36. ATP?
    provides energy push for 2 endergonic reactions
  37. structural elements made out of protein used to construct the cytoskeleton?
    microtubules
  38. anchoring point for spindle apparatus?
    centrioles
  39. 1 or 2 long extensions
    flagella
  40. short and a lot of extensions
    cilia
  41. structurally, flagella and cilia are?
    the same
  42. things you can make from microtubules?
    • cilia/flagella
    • centroiles
    • spindle apparatus
    • basal bodies
  43. cellular extensions of the cell?
    cilia/flagella
  44. bundles of microtubules only found in animal cells
    centroiles
  45. found inside the cell membrane where they anchor cilia/flagella
    • basal bodies
    • *have same structure as centrioles
  46. plant cells done have?
    centrioles
  47. golgi is for ?
    packaging
  48. the animal cell does not have?
    • cell wall
    • chloroplasts

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