Constitutional Law and the Criminal Justice System Ch 1

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Constitutional Law and the Criminal Justice System Ch 1
2013-09-25 19:34:13
Constitutional Law Criminal Justice System

Constitutional Law and the Criminal Justice System Ch 1
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  1. Vocab: Supremacy Clause
    • Constitutional doctrine that the Federal Law will reign when there is conflicting state law...
    • The Constitution declared itself the supreme law of the land
  2. Vocab: Pluralism
    a society in which numerous distinct ethnic, religious or cultural groups coexist within one nation, each contributing to the society as a whole.
  3. Vocab: Loyalist (also known as Tory)
    a colonist who didn't support the boycott of British goods in the colonies and who still paid allegiance to the British monarchy
  4. the Legislative Branch
    Congress may Pass laws, collect taxes, borrow money, regulate commerce, naturalize foreign citizens, Raise and govern military forces, and Declare war
  5. Executive Branch
    the president was created to: carry out the law, command military forces, carry out foreign policy, appoint ambassadors, appoint officials, Veto Laws, and Appoint Supreme Court justices
  6. Judicial Branch
    interprets law, interprets the Constitution, and settles disputes between states, and reviews acts of government
  7. Status of Slaves in the Colonies
    the Constitution didn't specifically abolish slavery, as the framers couldn't agree with it
  8. How is membership in Senate Determined
    Each state has two senators, with each senator having one vote
  9. How is membership of house of representatives determined
    the Congressmen are divided among the states based on population
  10. Declaration of Independence
    it listed the complaints the people had against Britain and justification for declaring independence 

    formally severed ties with Great Britain
  11. The Magna Carta
    Established the Supremacy of the law over the ruler and guaranteed English feudal barons individual rights and "due process of law" including trial by jury
  12. The Quartering Act
    British parliament passed law that required Colonist to feed and Shelter British Troops

    reason for third Amendment 

    Further strained British-Colonist Relations caused Boston Tea party
  13. Stamp Act
    British parliament passed Tax requiring stamps to be purchased and placed on legal documents and certain Commodities

    Taxation without representation 
  14. The first Continental Congresses
    The First Written agreement among colonies to stand together in resistance against Britain

    • 1) adopted a set of resolutions defining the rights liberties and immunities of the colonists
    • 2) drew up Grievances and demanded restoration of rights
    • 3) established a boycott to prevent the purchasing of British goods
  15. the Second Continental Congress
    Established the Continental Army and named George Washington its Commander

    also made plans to raise money, buy supplies, and seek support from other countries by opening diplomatic relations
  16. The Great Compromise
    agreement reached in the Constitution giving each state and Equal vote in the Senate and a Proportionate vote in the house
  17. The US Constitution
    establish a Central Government authorized to deal directly with individuals rather than states and to incorporate a system of checks and balances that would limit the power of government
  18. the Boston Tea Party
    Colonist boarded British Ships and threw their Cargos of tea in the Harbor, Represented the Colonist unwillingness to pay taxes without representation