Corrections Chapter 5.txt

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Anonymous
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237063
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Corrections Chapter 5.txt
Updated:
2013-09-25 18:42:01
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corrections
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Corrections Chapter 5
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  1. Prison Mission
    • protect inmates, protect public from criminality
    • prepare inmates for release into the community
  2. Reasons for the Increase Number of Prisoners
    • "tough on crime" - determinate sentences, new penology
    • explosion in drug crimes - proliferations of guns
    • since the 1980s, prison population has risen 500%
  3. Three Penitentiary Act (1891)
    creation of 3 federal prisons (Kansas, Washington, and Georgia)
  4. Federal Bureau of Prison (1930)
    • Sanford Bates appointed director
    • only 8 directors since 1930
  5. Sentencing Reform Act (1984)
    • abolished parole
    • determinate sentencing
    • abolished good time
  6. Five Security Levels
    • Minimum - dormitory housing, limited fencing
    • Low - mostly dormitory housing, work programs
    • Medium - electronic fencing, housed in cells
    • High - high security, close control of inmate movement
    • Administrative - "supermax" (Florence, CO)
  7. State Prison System
    • Govenor --> corrections directors
    • Governor --> board of corrections --> corrections director
  8. Inmates Are Classified According to:
    • criminal history
    • family/social history
    • education/vocational history
    • employment history
    • mental health status
  9. ICE
    • Immigration Customs Enforcement
    • housing illegal immigrants
    • deporting illegal immigrants that are wanted in their home country
  10. Brigs
    military prison
  11. Common-Wealth Prisons
    prison on US territories (Virgin Islands, Puerto Rico…)
  12. Development of Private Corrections Facilities
    • secure facility
    • operated for profit
    • state and federal
    • (Corrections Corporation of America, GEO Group, INC, Management Training Corporation)

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