History Ch. 9 & 10
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the reform movement of the early 1900s concerned with problems of urbanization and industrialization is
became an advocate for improving the lives of women and children..
feared the alcohol was undermining American morals..
journalists who uncovered the wrongdoings on the part of politicians of corporations..
led the way in regulating bis businesses..
Robert M. La Follette
gives the voters the power to introduce legislation..
citizens can force the legislature to place a recently passed law on the ballot..
enables the voters to remove an official from office..
gave voters the power to elect their senators directly..
Triangle Shirtwaist fire
- - March 25, 1911
- - 145 Garment workers died
- - new, strict building codes were passed
Reasons why women were denied the right to vote:
- 1. it wasnt a woman's place
- 2. it would increase the divorce rate
- 3. liquor industry didnt want them to
- 4. factories didnt want them to
- 5. it would reopen black voting rights
Women gained the right to vote..
who won the election of 1900?
Teddy's fair and equal treatment for all people:
6 major achievements of the square deal:
- 1. increased federal power
- 2. mediated coal strike
- 3. regulated trust
- 4. regulates transportation
- 5. protect our health
- 6. protect our environment
who won the election of 1904?
Who wrote a book exposing the meat packing industry in 1906?
Upton Sinclair; The jungle
passed in 1906 and required the federal government to inspect meat shipped across state lines:
Meat Inspection Act
Pure food and drug act forbid the _______, _______, and __________ of food and medical products containing harmful ingredients.
manufacturing, transportation, and selling
Preserving of our land is..
_______ was named the head of the Forestry Service in 1905.
who won the election of 1908?
Gifford Pinchot was fired for criticizing the sale of land in _______.
who won the election of 1912?
a federal agency established in 1914 to investigate and stop unfair business practices..
Federal Trade Commission
the creation of income tax:
a national banking system that controls the US money supply and the availability of credit in the country is..
Federal Reserve System
the policy of conquering other countries to build your empire is
3 factors that fueled the new American imperialism:
- 1. desire for military strength
- 2. thirst for new markets
- 3. belief in cultural superiority
4 things Alfred T. Mahan said we need to become a world power:
- 1. modern army
- 2. canal across Panama
- 3. navy bases in the Caribbean
- 4. Hawaii and other islands in the Pacific
wrote a book called "Our Country: Its possible future and its present Crisis" that convinced many people that the US imperialism was right.
king of Hawaii; forced to sign a new constitution called the Bayonet Constitution that limited his role to that of a figurehead..
Queen of HAwaii; Champion of Hawaii
taking a territory and making it your own is
what year was the Spanish American War?
sensational stories used to sway public opinionS
2 Causes of the Spanish American War:
- 1. the De Lame Letter
- 2. The USS Maine explodes
Us Commander in the PAcific during the Spanish American War was
group of people led by Teddy were..
Treaty of Paris:
- 1. Cuba became free
- 2. US received Guam & Puerto Rico
- 3. paid Spain 20 million dollars for the Phillipeans
ended military rule in Puerto Rico..
- 1. Cuba cant make any treaties that would jeprodize their freedom
- 2. the US could intervein in Cuba's affairs if necessary
- 3. the US would receive navy bases in Cuba
a country whose affairs are controlled by a stronger power..
policy of giving countries equal access to trading rights in China
Open Door Policy
when chinese nationalists tried to free their country from western influence..
gave us the authority to build the Panama Canal:
What year did the Panama Canal open?
who virturally eliminated yellow fever by draining and sanitizing areas of standing water in the canal zone?
"Big Stick Policy"; Established the US as an international police power..
the US policy of using economic power to influence other countries..
US policy to deny the recognition of any undemocratic of hostile gov't..
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