Ans Week 5

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aloashleyowens
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237105
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Ans Week 5
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2013-09-30 09:43:32
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ANS Week 5 Exam 2
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  1. Main Energy Source for Animals
    Carbohydrates
  2. Carbs should make up ___% of an animals diet
    75
  3. Monosaccharide formula
    C6H12O6
  4. Monosaccharides are formed by ____
    Plants
  5. The reaction to produce monosaccharides is _________ to release _______
    Reversed, Energy
  6. glucose of found primarily in
    syrup and blood
  7. Glucose is somtimes referred to as
    dextrose
  8. Glucose is about 3/4 as sweet as _______
    Cane sugars
  9. Fructose is found primarily in
    Ripe Fruits and Honey
  10. Fructose is
    the sweetest of all sugars
  11. Galactose is found in
    milk, and obtained by hydrolysis of milk sugar (lactose)
  12. All Disaccharides have the chemical formula of
    C12H22O11
  13. Disaccharides are formed from
    two monosaccharide molecules with the loss of one molecule of water
  14. Sucrose is a kind of
    Disaccharides
  15. Sucrose is commonly used as feed _____
    Sweetener
  16. Sucrose is Hydrolized by the sucrase enzyme to ______ and _______
    glucose and fructose
  17. Maltose is also known as
    Malt sugar
  18. Maltose is a kind of
    Dissaccharide
  19. Maltose is obtained from the hydrolysis of
    starch
  20. Maltose is hydrolyzed entirely to ________ by the enzyme maltase
    glucose
  21. Lactose is found
    primarily in milk
  22. Lactose is hydrolyzed by the enzyme lactace to
    glucose and galactose
  23. Lactose is a common
    disaccharide
  24. Oligosaccharides are relatively short chaines of
    monosacchriades
  25. Oligosaccharides are intermediates in the breakdown of _______ to _________-
    polysaccharides to monosaccharides
  26. Complex carboydrates with the chemical formula of
    C6H10O5
  27. Polysaccharides are formed by the combination of several _______ ______
    hexose molecules
  28. Important polysaccharides (8)
    Starch (Amylose, Amylopectin), Insulin, Glycogen, Hemicellulose, Cellulose, Lignin
  29. What is a major plant storage form of glucose?
    Starch
  30. What 2 forms does starch come in?
    Amylose, amyopectin
  31. What is the make up of Amylose?
    straight chains of glucose
  32. What is the make up of Amylopectin?
    Highly branced chains of glucose
  33. Starch is broken down by __________ to produce _______
    Amylase, Dextrin
  34. Dextrin is broken down by _____ to produce _____
    Dextrinase, Maltose
  35. Maltose is broken down by _____ to produce_______
    Maltase, Glucose
  36. Insulin is simlar to starch, except it hydrolyzes to ______ instead of glucose
    Fructose
  37. Glycogen is sometimes referred to as ____ ___
    Animal starch
  38. Glycogen is produced by the _____
    liver
  39. Glycogen is the primary ______ reserve in the animal
    carbohydrate
  40. Glycogen is hydrolyzed entirely to ______--
    glucose
  41. Group of substances that lie chemically between starch and cellulose
    Hemicellulose
  42. Hemicellulose are more digestible than ______ but less digestible than sugars or starch
    cellulose
  43. Cellulose is the principle constituent of the _______ _____ of plants
    cell wall
  44. Cellulose is generally low in ___________
    digestibility
  45. _________ _________- are linked by beta 1-4 bonds
    Glucose
  46. Glucose monomers are linked by _______ _______ bonds
    beta 1-4
  47. beta 1-4 bonds can be digested only by _______
    ruminants
  48. Cellulose is hydrolyzed to ______
    glucose
  49. Lignin is not a true ________
    carbohydrate
  50. Why is lignin not a true carbohydrate? (3 reasons)
    Contains too many C's , H and O's arent in the right proportion, and some N is usually present
  51. Lignin is found primarily in...
    Over-mature hays, straws, and hull
  52. Lignin is indigestible by all livestock, and can reduce digestibility of other nutrients, especially ________
    cellulose
  53. Lignin serves as _____ _____ in plants
    structural material
  54. What carbs dont need hydrolysis before absorption?
    Monosaccharides
  55. Di and Polysaccharides are relatively _______ molecules
    Large
  56. Di and Polysaccharides are hydrolyzed to _________ before absorption
    monosacchardes
  57. Di and Polysaccharides are hydrolyzed to monosaccharides before absorption because.....
    only mono's can be absorbed
  58. In the mouth, salivary amylase breaks down starches to
    maltose
  59. Salivary amylase plays only a small role in breakdown because....
    of the short time food is in the mouth
  60. Ruminants do not have the enzyme ________ ________
    salivary amylase
  61. Not all monogastrics secrete _____ ________ in saliva
    salivary amylase
  62. Pancratic amylase hydrolyzes _________
    alpha 1-4 linkages
  63. Pancreatic amylase produces __________ and ________
    disaccharides and oligosaccharides
  64. Pancreatic amylase hydrolyzes ______ to _____, ____-____ and ________
    starch to maltose, malto-triose and alpha limit dextrin
  65. What are the cells lining the small intestine called?
    Brush border
  66. Brush border enzymes break down ________ to _______
    disaccharides to monosaccharides
  67. Ruminants do not have ______
    sucrase
  68. _______ breaks sucrose down to __________ and _______
    Sucrase, Glucose and Fructose
  69. ________ breaks maltose down to 2 _____
    Maltase, glucoses
  70. ________ breaks lactose down to ________ and ______
    Lactase, Glucose and Galactose
  71. Poultry does not have this enzyme:
    lactase
  72. Carnivores and omnivores have limited ______ fermentation in the large intestine
    anaerobic
  73. The large intestine bacteria in carnivores and omnivores produce small quantities of _________
    cellulase
  74. Post-gastric fermenters such as the horse and rabbit can utilize large quantities of _______ in the large intestine
    cellulose
  75. the cecum and colon of Post-gastric fermenters such as the horse and rabbit contains bacteria that produces ______
    cellulase
  76. In Post-gastric fermenters such as the horse and rabbit the _______ and ________ contains bacteria that produces cellulase
    cecum and colon
  77. __________ is capable of hydrolyzing the glucose-4-beta-glucoside linkage in Post-gastric fermenters such as the horse and rabbit
    Cellulase
  78. Cellulase is capable of hydrolyzing the __________________________ in Post-gastric fermenters such as the horse and rabbit
    glucose-4-beta-glucoside linkage

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