medical terminology

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Author:
alicia0309
ID:
237118
Filename:
medical terminology
Updated:
2013-09-25 23:29:33
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nursing 102
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Description:
terminology
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  1. excessive acidity of the body
    acidosis
  2. acidosis
    excessive acidity of body
  3. temporary loss of breathing
    apnea
  4. apnea
    temporary loss of breathing
  5. incomplete, imperfect
    dilation, expansion
    collapsed or airless state of the lung, which may be acute or chronic and effects all or part of the lung
    atelectasis
  6. atelectasis
    • collapsed or airless lung, which may be acute or chronic and effects all of part of the lung
    • incomplete, imperfect-- dilation, expansion
  7. Repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respirations: first deeply, then shallow, then not at all
    Cheyne-Stokes respiration
  8. Cheyne-Stokes respiration
    repeated breathing pattern characterized by fluctuation in the depth of respiration: first deeply, then shallow, then not ay all
  9. AKA head cold or URI
    Acute inflammation of the membranes of the nose
    coryza
  10. coryza
    • acute inflammation of the membranes of the nose
    • AKA URI or head cold
  11. crackle
    • abnormal respiratory sound heard on auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture-filled alveoli
    • AKA rale
  12. AKA rale
    abnormal respiratory sound heard os auscultation, caused by exudates, spasms, hyperplasia, or when air enters moisture filled alveoli
    crackle
  13. common child hood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and sometimes the lung
    croup
  14. croup
    common childhood condition involving inflammation of the larynx, trachea, bronchial passages and sometimes lungs
  15. epiglottitis
    severe life threatening infection of the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs between 2 and 12 yr old
  16. Severe, life threatening infection involving the epiglottis and supraglottic structures that occurs most commonly in children between the ages or 2 and 12
    epiglottitis
  17. epitaxis
    • nasal hemorrhage
    • nosebleed
  18. O2 deficiency in body tissues, usually a sign of respiratory impairment
    hypoxia
  19. hypoxia
    O2 deficiency in body tissues, usually a sign of respiratory impairment
  20. O2 deficiency in the arterial blood, usually a sign of respiratory impairment
    hypoxemia
  21. hypoxemia
    O2 deficiency in arterial blood, usually a sign of respiratory impairment
  22. pleurisy
    • inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by stabbing pain that is intensified by coughing or deep breath
    • AKA pleuritis
  23. Inflammation of the pleural membrane characterized by stabbing pain intensified by cough or deep breath
    pleurisy
  24. pulmonary edema
    Accumulation of extravascular fluid in lung tissues and alveoli, most commonly caused by heart failure
  25. abnormal breath sounds heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway
    rhonchus
  26. rhonchus
    abnormal breath sound heard on auscultation of an obstructed airway
  27. stridor
    High-pitched, harsh, adventitious breath sound caused by spasm or swelling of the larynx or an obstruction in upper airway
  28. high pitched, harsh breath sound caused by spasm of the larynx or an obstruction
    stridor
  29. wheeze
    whistling or sighing sound heard on auscultation that results from narrowing of the lumen of the respiratory passageway
  30. Mantoux test
    intradermal test to determine tuberculin sensitivity based on positive reaction where the area around the test site becomes red or swollen
  31. oximetry
    noninvasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with O2
  32. noninvasive meth of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with O2
    oximetry
  33. bronchoscopy
    visual exam of bronchi using endoscope inserted through mouth and trachea
  34. visual exam of bronchi using endoscopy inserted through mouth and trachea
    bronchoscopy
  35. arterial blood gas
    ABGs
  36. Microbial test used to identify the disease causing organismsĀ of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonia
    sputum culture
  37. sputum culture
    Microbial test used ti identify disease-causing organisms of the lower respiratory tract, especially those that cause pneumonia
  38. test used to identify pathogens, especially group A streptococci
    throat culture
  39. throat culture
    test used to identify pathogens especially group A streptococci
  40. thoracentesis
    surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity
  41. surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity
    thoracentesis

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