Card Set Information

2013-09-26 03:00:53

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  1. 5 Functions of Epithelial Tissue
    • 1.Protection
    • 2.Absorbtion
    • 3.Secretion
    • 4.Transport
    • 5.Excretion
  2. Basal Lamina
    thin adhesive margin between epithelial tissue & connective tissue
  3. Characteristics of Epithelial Tissue
    • -Apical Surface & Basal Region to CT
    • -Basal Lamina
    • -Classified by Layers and shapes of cells
  4. 4 Types of Human Tissue
    • 1.Epithelial
    • 2.Connective
    • 3.Muscle
    • 4.Nervous
  5. Simple Squamous
    Function, Location, Microscopic Id.
    • F-filter or exchange gases/fluids
    • L-capillary walls, alveolar walls, pleura (lung membrane,) peritoneum (pelvis & abdominal cavities)
    • M I.D.-Flat & Irregular
  6. Simple Cuboidal
    • F-absorb & secrete
    • L-gland tissues, thyroid, pancreas, salivary, convoluted kidney tubules
    • M I.D.-square or hexagonal
  7. Simple Columnar
    • F-protect/secrete/absorb
    • L-Ciliated-lining of respiratory tract & uterine tubes
    • Non-Ciliated-stomach, intestine, ileum, gall bladder
    • M I.D.-column and contain goblet cells
  8. Goblet Cells
    Produce Mucous & are only found in columnar
  9. Stratified Squamous
    • F-protect
    • L-Skin, oral cavity, esophagus, vagina, cornea
    • M I.D.-polyhedral(many sides)
  10. Stratified Cuboidal
    • F-protects, absorbs, secretes
    • L-glands, sweat gland ducts
    • M I.D.-square
  11. Stratified Columnar
    • F-protect & secrete
    • L-pharynx, conjunctiva, urethra, anus, glands
    • M I.D.-columns
  12. Transitional
    • F-contraction (because of it's elasticity)
    • L-hollow organs, bladder, kidneys
    • M I.D.- large, round, and dome shaped
  13. Pseudostratified Columnar
    • F-protect, secrete, absorb
    • L- Ciliated- Trachea, Bronchi, parotid gland
    •     Non-ciliated- urethra
    • M I.D.- 1 layer thick, and cells all reach basal layer, but may not appear to do so.
    • *contains goblet cells
  14. Simple Squamous
  15. Simple Cuboidal
  16. Simple Columnar
  17. Pseudo with Goblet Cells
  18. Stratified Squamous
  19. Stratified Cuboidal (watch for sweat glands)
  20. Stratified Columnar
  21. Transitional
  22. Pseudostratified Columnar
  23. Types of Connective Tissue Fibers
    • 1.Elastic Fibers
    • 2.Reticular Fibers(thinnest)
    • 3.Collagen Fibers(thickest)
  24. Types of Connective Tissue Proper
    • 1.Loose Fibrous or Areolar
    • 2.Dense Fibrous
    •  -Regular
    •  -Irregular
    • 3.Reticular
    • 4.Adipose
  25. Functions and Location of Areolar Tissue
    • -flexible support for organs
    • -movement of nutrition to cells
    • -provides a location for immune activities
    • -located beneath epithelia
  26. Functions and Location of Adipose Tissue
    • -stores fat and cushions and insulates the body
    • -Located everywhere especially beneath the skin
  27. Functions and Location of Reticular Tissue
    -framework for organs
  28. Regular Dense Fibrous CT
    • -contains lots of collagen and some elastin
    • -lots of tensile strength
    • -found in tendons and ligaments
  29. Irregular Dense Fibrous CT
    -forms capsules around certain organs
  30. Special CT Types
    • Hemopioetic- blood
    • Cartilage
    • Bone
  31. Types of Cartilage
    • Hyaline
    • Elastic
    • Fribrocartilage
  32. Hyaline Function and Location
    • -contains chondrocytes in an ecm
    • -non-vascular
    • -ears and nose, fetal skull
  33. Elastic Cartilage
    • -differs from Hyaline in that it contains lots of elastin instead of collagen
    • -external ear, epiglottis, auditory tubes
  34. Fibrocartilage
    • Chondrocytes are in bundles between collagen
    • -forms IVDs
  35. Bone Tissues Types
    • 1.Compact
    • 2. Spongy
    • 3.Periosteum
  36. Compact Bone Characteristics
    very tight with osteons all around each other
  37. Spongy Bone
    Trabeculae all over produce caverns that hold marrow as well as reduce weight.
  38. Periosteum Surrounds the Bone
    connected to the bone by Sharpey's Fibers
  39. Areolar Loose CT
  40. Dense Regular
  41. Dense Irregular
  42. Reticular
  43. Adipose
  44. Hyaline
  45. Elastic Cartilage
  46. Fibrocartilage
  47. Osteon and It's Parts
    Cement Line
    Compact Bone
    Perforating Canal
    Sharpey's Fibers
    Spongy Bone
    • Artery runs through central canal
    • capilary runs through perforating canal
    • canaliculi connect osteocytes by running from each lacunae
    • Cement Lines connect each osteon
    • Lacuna contain the osteocytes
    • Lemella are the layers of the osteon
    • Osteocytes secrete lamela
    • Perforating canals run sideways
    • shapeys fibers connect the periosteum to the bone
    • trabeculae are the canals of spongy bone
  48. Layers of the Integument
    • Epidermis
    • Dermis
    • Subcutaneus (Hypodermis) (Superficial Fascia)
  49. Layers of the Epidermis
    • 1.Stratum Corneum (top layer of dead keritanized cells)
    • 2.Stratum Lucidum
    • 3.Stratum Granulosum
    • 4.Stratum Spinosum
    • 5.Stratum Basal (constantly dividing and contains melanocytes)
  50. Layers of the Dermis
    • 1.Papillary Layer (contains dermal papilae which from the groves of fingerprints as well as house the Meissner Corpuscles for touch)
    • 2.Reticular Layer contains other structures and more fibers
  51. Subcutaneous Features
    • called hypodermis
    • contains connective tissue, apocrine sweat glands, and blood supply
  52. Hair Structures
    Hair Folicle
    Root or Bulb
    Follicular Papilla
    Internal Root Sheath
    External Root Sheath
    Arrector Pilli Muscle
    • Hair- Made of Keratin
    • Folicle- Tube of cells around hair
    • Bulb- root of the hair containing the folicular papila
    • Folicular Papila- Loose Connective Tissue below hair
    • Internal and External Root Sheaths form the folicle
    • Arrector Pilli Muscle- stands hair up and gives goose bumps
  53. Glands Types
    • 1.Sebaceous
    • 2.Sweat
    • -apocrine & eccrine
  54. Sebaceous Features
    Secretes sebum onto the hair that makes it oily and waterproof
  55. Apocrine Gland
    • Secretes thick white, grey, and yellow substances into nose ears pubis and axilla
    • smelly sweat that EMPTIES INTO HAIR ALWAYS
  56. Eccrine Gland
    • Secretes sweat to the surface of the skin.
    • Stimulated by temperature, but also emotion (clammy hands)
  57. Receptors
    • Meissner's Corpuscle
    • Pacinian Corpucle
  58. Meissner's Features
    Touch Receptors
  59. Pacinian