ClinMedV:Emergency Medicine (Anaphylaxis and Heat Stroke)

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
237162
Filename:
ClinMedV:Emergency Medicine (Anaphylaxis and Heat Stroke)
Updated:
2013-09-26 06:35:39
Tags:
vti
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vti
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  1. c.s. of mild anaphylaxis (scary to owner but not life threatening):PUIF
    • pruritis
    • urticaria
    • inflamation
    • facial swelling
  2. What is urticaria?
    hives
  3. c.s. to sever anaphylaxis (deadly):BCYMVBBC
    • brick red mm
    • crt of 1sec
    • tachycardia
    • massive histamine release
    • vasodilation
    • dec BP
    • dec blood perfusion
    • cardiac arrest
  4. tx of mild to moderate cases:ARS
    • antihistamines
    • remove offending cause
    • +/-steroids
  5. Name 2 antihistamines:B/D,A/H
    • Benadryl (diphenhydramine)
    • Atarax (hydroxyzine)
  6. Name a steroid:D
    dexamethasone
  7. tx severe cases:IVEAM
    • IV fluids
    • steroids
    • epinephrine
    • antihistamines
    • monitor 24 hrs
  8. High heat breaks down what?
    protein
  9. Why don't dogs and cats tolerate heat well?
    don't sweat well
  10. How is shock usually diagnosed?
    • hx
    • temp >105F
  11. Extra caution is taken with which heat stroke patients?BGOHL
    • brachycephalic
    • geriatric
    • overweight
    • heart dz
    • lung dz
  12. Symptoms of heat stroke:SERPVDWDCP
    • shock
    • elevated temo
    • red mm
    • pantig
    • v+
    • d+
    • weakness
    • depression
    • comatose
    • panting
  13. tx heat stroke:SCIE
    • slowly dec body temp
    • cold H20/alcohol
    • IV fluids
    • enema
  14. What should you check for while tx shock patients?BC
    • burns
    • corneal ulcers
  15. Prognosis is based on:STT
    • severity
    • temo
    • time before tx
  16. What is a rare but malignant reaction to gas anesthetics?
    • malignant hyperthermia during or after
    • often fatal
  17. Who commonly gets malignant hyperthermia?
    grey hounds
  18. tx of malignant hyperthermia
    stop anesthesia and treat for shock and heat stroke

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